No edition or printing information is given on this copy. The author alludes to the fact that he is a teacher in the preface where he addresses the audience as his “fellow teachers.” Badgley's work is a grammar textbook for school children that emphasizes object teaching and working with the familiar in order to promote a better understanding of the English language. Badgely states the instruction is drawn from nature and uses the inductive and synthetic method. It moves from facts and things to general truths and from arranging words into sentences to analysis. “Ideas and thoughts precede expression.” The sections are grammar and the parts of speech; classification and variation of nouns and pronouns, adjectives and adverbs; analysis of sentences and syntactical parsing; and syntax (a list of rules and exercises of violation of these rules).The book provides exercises in the form of staged conversations in order to better relate to the students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text in very good condition.
No information regarding edition or printing is in the copy. No information on the author is provided. Balch's addition to the list of grammar handbooks seeks to improve the methods of grammar instruction by rendering language study more scientific (and less like an art) and less focused on mere rule memorization. The author hopes that such a transformation will make the study of grammar more interesting for high school students because they will be encouraged to create their own models. He is interested in "the essential principles of human speech and the best method of constructing sentences according to the idiom of the English language." The preface also interestingly states that "[t]he inseparable connexion between words, ideas, and things, is carefully observed." The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt of the cover page, contents, preface, introduction and a short section of text. The text is legible, but some highlighting does obscure throughout.
No printing date given. Copyrighted in 1859. The author is credited as having Master of Arts degree. Burtt professes that his grammar will be practical and clear for high school and college students who need to learn the basic principles of English grammar. The text begins with basic orthography and etymology and progress through syntax, among other principles, to arrive at the application of English grammar principles to prosody. Burtt's text offers numerous examples for students that he claims will make learning the principles of English grammar simple for any student. Questions and exercises are used throughout, including exercising in parsing. The syntax section has examples of false syntax to be corrected and samples for syntax analysis. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (although the cover page repeats and page 65 is partly blanked out). Aside from the previously mentioned issues, the text is in good condition.
1847 printing. No copyright date provided. The author is credited as Editor of the United States Gazette. A grammar handbook for those who feel "the need of simple and familiar explanations and illustrations, and oft-repeated rules." Chandler claims that this textbook is intended to present grammar instruction in a more interesting manner than it is usually presented. He claims that his text accomplishes this goal through the use of familiar language, numerous examples and illustrations, and through exercises in parsing. Chandler does not intend for this textbook to replace the grammar instructor, but that the book should be used as an effective supplement to in-class instruction. The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt of the cover page, preface and the first 11 pages of content. The scans are good quality, but there are a few markings that obscure the text.
1868 printing (40th edition, revised) of the 1864 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the Principal of Cortland Academy and author of three other books on grammar and the English language. Rather than begin with the usual brief section on orthography, the text's first part touches on words, phrases and sentences. Part two is etymology, part three is syntax, and part four is prosody. The author uses circular charts to aid students with learning grammar. Sentences are diagrammed to separate their elements. Examples, exercises and review questions are implemented throughout. There are many exercises in analysis. The Schultz Archive's copy only includes the first 67 pages of the text, which runs through all of part one and ends on the first page of part two.
No printing or copyright year are on this copy (the dedication is dated 1820), but a handwritten note dates it to 1901 (it was long out of print, according to the preface). No information on Cobbett is given, but in the incomplete editor's preface states that Cobbett was the first to demonstrate how to write for young people and in a manner that plain people can understand (in a conversational style). The editor goes on to say that grammar should not be taught out of books, but rather by the teacher himself. This book is meant for those who are learning without a teacher, or it is for children of at least twelve. The editor says Cobbett is addressing boys fourteen and fifteen years old. The text is a written as a series of letters (epistles) and covers orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Including are examples of false grammar, errors, and nonsense. The six additional lessons for statesmen are dated 1822. The Schultz Archive copy is missing some pages at the beginning which cut into the preface, but otherwise the entire text is complete.
1852 printing of the 1852 copyrighted text. Reverend W. Colegrove is credited as principal of Burton Academy and member of the board of school examiners for Geauga County. A grammar handbook following six principles: 1) Brevity, conciseness, and accuracy; 2) Simplicity in classification; 3) Perspicuity in the arrangement and adaptedness to the purposes of class recitations; 4) Freedom from superfluities; 5) Comprehensiveness in the plan; 6) Originality in design and execution of the work. The introduction says that composition should be kept separate from the teaching of grammar. Analysis, or syntactical parsing, is viewed as helpful for mental discipline and has a prominent place in the work. Authors credited for influence are Webster, Mandeville, Green, Wells, Chapin, and Whateley. The work follows the orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody divisions for its organization. The appendices includes short excerpts by respected authors for parsing exercises. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
The thirteenth edition corrected and much improved, printed in 1823, copyrighted in 1821. No information on the author is given. The preface says the work has been abridged and arranged the definitions and rules (to be committed to memory) so as not to overburden the pupil. Repetition and parsing exercises are used to aid the teaching. Exercises in correcting false syntax are also used. The work is sectioned orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Corrections for the false syntax exercises are included in the appendix. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1870 printing of the 1870 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the author of books on logic, discourse, composition, and literature. The book is based on Day's rhetoric that argues thought is the starting point for teaching rhetoric, composition, and grammar rather than style and form. The text is aimed at students of different levels, using various font sizes for each: the larger fonts for the young, smallest for older or more advanced. The introductory lessons cover parts of speech. These are followed by sections on concrete nouns (object lessons), attributes, distinctions of nouns, modifying elements, abnormal forms, construction, and explanation. Oral and written exercises are included throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1846 fifth edition/printing of the 1843 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the author of District School Speaker. The text endeavors to find a more natural way of teaching grammar than to rely on the methods used for Latin and Greek. The text's first part is a plan for oral instruction. The second part covers the Eight Parts of Speech. The third part covers twelve rules of syntax, and contains lessons for parsing and the correction of false grammar. The Schultz Archive's copy only includes the preface.
1837 printing of the 1837 copyrighted text. Title page asserts this edition was abridged from a work preparing for publication. No information about the author is given. The preface explores many of what it argues are the faults with the rules of Murray's grammar, from which most contemporary grammar textbooks are derived. In its place, the author is working on a system of grammar termed the Architective, Constructive, or Structural System. It attempts to explain all the relations of words in the forms of speech, and its classifications are based on those relations. The preface says the work draws on, rebuts, or is in response to the works of Lowth, Cheever Felch, Rees, Cardell, Emerson and others.The Schultz Archive excerpt only includes preface and first few examples on nouns/verbs.
1866 printing of the 1866 copyrighted text. Fewsmith is credited with a Master of Arts and as Principal of an English and Classical School. Singer is credited as Principal of Zane Street Grammar School. The preface states there is an elementary introduction to this work being prepared. The work seeks to offer just the right amount of explanation to aid students in the understanding of its principles. It is for the classroom and personal study, following the usual division of the four parts of grammar: orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Includes examples, models, and exercises (in parsing, false syntax, analysis). Credits the influence of Goold Brown. A grammar handbook structured around simple definitions. The Schultz Archive copy includes only up to page 40 (including the preface and ToC) of a text that is at least 228 pages.
1845 printing (and second edition) of the 1844 copyrighted text. The author, Reverend Frazee, is credited as the Late Principal of Elizabeth Female Academy, Washington, Mississippi. The work is organized into orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Etymology and syntax are arranged to be progressive and practical, the arrangement being founded on nature and therefore philosophical; definitions and rules are more accurate and precise; the mode of instruction is inductive, teaches the idea, illustrates it plainly, exercises the student upon it, and then requires the student to commit it to memory. The work credits the influence (in philosophical grammar) of Harris's Hermes, Monboddo, Cobbett's Grams. Lewis' An. Outlines, Tooke's Purley, De Sacy, Brewster, Crombie's Syntax, Webster's Grams. Latham's Grams. In practical grammar: Ben Jonson, Lowth, Andrew, Buchanan, Lennie, Stucliffe, Richard Hiley, Alexander, Comley, Chandler, Cardell, Cooper, Alger, Pond, Fowle, Frost, Green, Hull, Ingersol, Nutting, Parkhurst, Picket, Brace, Goodenow, Park and Fox, Pierce, Wright, Hazen, Cornell, Pue. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text. 192 pages.
The printing is indeterminable from the copy. The text was copyrighted in 1828. The author is credited as the Principal of the Mayhew Grammar School in Boston.
The text simplifies the principles of grammar for younger pupils and asks them apply those principals in series of progressive exercises in parsing. Organized by the four divisions: orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. It also includes a series of exercises in false grammar at the end. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text, but the original was apparently water damaged, such that throughout the text the bottom corners are dark and may be difficult or impossible to read.
1842 printing of the 1842 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Professor of Belles Lettres in the High School of Philadelphia. Seeks to address the insufficiency in teaching grammar through parsing alone. It maintains the common forms of classification, but treats orthography more fully than usual, shortens the section on construction, expands the rules of arrangement, and uses oral and written exercises. Derivation has been moved to the appendix. Although it maintains much of Lowth and Murray, the work credits the heavy influence of M'Culloch. The work includes pictorial illustrations, especially in the sections of writing exercises. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1835 printing of the 1834 copyrighted text. The introduction explains the author has taught for ten years and sought to write a text for his own use that comported to his own methods of teaching grammar. He states his text recognizes most of the principles adopted by Murray, but differs in the mode and style of illustrating them. His style of language has been adapted to the juvenile mind and he uses a philosophical mode of parsing and correcting false syntax and orthography to exercise the understanding of the pupil. The text uses numerous questions in each section as a method of exercising students' understanding. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1831 printing of the 1831 copyrighted text of the Third Edition, Enlarged and Improved. This text is an abstract of a larger book. The directions for teachers says the book may be used with "children from five to eight or twelve years of age." The author states, in the preface, that as grammar is founded in custom, its best to teach students grammar by induction, allowing them to form rules based on their own knowledge of language. The first section of introductory exercises focuses on the senses as a source of knowledge. The second section is inductive exercises for different classes of words, such as nouns, articles, adjectives, and verbs, as well as different cases, such as nominative, possessive, imperative, intransitive, etc. A series of questions is used for each to help a student understand each classification. The final section is Orthography and Orthoepy. Periodically, the text has a section of recapitulation, wherein it asks a series of review questions. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1835 printing of the 1834 copyrighted text. The text uses pictorial illustrations to aid in the instruction of parts of speech. The text covers orthography, etymology and syntax. The syntax sections has examples to be parsed. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Revised 1880 edition of the original 1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts. A grammar textbook written for beginning and advanced students. Part one covers technical grammar, sentence-making, and composition. Part two covers properties and modifications of different parts of speech. Part three is punctuation. Exercises in false syntax, guiding questions for descriptions of pictorial illustrations, fill in the blanks for words and phrases, and parsing and analysis (with diagrams for mapping sentences). The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts and as the author of "Practical Grammar of the English Language." A grammar textbook written for beginning and advanced students. Part one consists of model oral lessons, on subjects such as naming things, action-words, and word-picturing. Part two covers a more systematic arrangement of the classifications of grammar and includes questions and illustrative examples. Part three covers the properties and modifications of speech with models for parsing and analysis. Part two includes synthetic exercises, while part three has exercises in false syntax. Review questions are used. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.