No edition or printing information is given in the copy. The author has a Bachelor of Arts from Smith College. As indicated by the subtitle, the work is intended for secondary and college students. Includes topics historical, imaginative, argumentative and subsequent brief chapters on: plan, or analysis; elaboration of points; criticism of one's own work; form of finished composition; composition an essential factor in the study of rhetoric; and figures of speech. The work seems addressed more to the teacher of the students than the students themselves. It attempts to explain how to students should mentally approach the act of writing but its language suggests a teacher thinking about the student’s mental habits rather than the student working though his own thoughts.
Fourth edition of the 1885 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts degree and as Professor of Rhetoric and the English Lanugage in the University of Pennsylvania, member of MLA, and author of a book on English etymology. The preface from the third edition (1889) explains the added Analysis, which is meant to help map the contents and aid the student in studying. The preface to the original edition explains the author has tried to properly balance principles of the art of rhetoric with their practical application, as well as treat both style and invention. The book is focused on the study of prose, but illustrative examples from poets and novelists are occasionally used. The introduction explains rhetoric and composition, laws of rhetoric, and kinds of discourse. The book's first part, Style, covers grammatical purity, elements of style, and qualities of style (significance, naturalness, pathos, humor, satire, harmony, etc.). The second part, Invention, covers the theme and the discussion (modes of discussion, definition, division, comparison and contrast, excitation). The preface also credits the influence of Henry Day. The Schultz Archive's copy is not the complete text. It includes the Analysis and selections from the Introduction and parts one and two.
1892 printing of the 1891 copyrighted text. Based on experience teaching in the high school in Cleveland, Ohio. The preface explains the authors are concerned that students aren't taught how to go about writing assignments (especially those requiring research) and that they are made too self-conscious to write.The chapters cover narration, the use of words, description, common language errors, correspondence, combining narration and description (in poems, story writing, and nature writing), studying sentences and paragraphs, rhetorical figures, study of authors, qualities of style, historical writing, short stories for children, versification, Shakespeare, book reviews, persuasive discourse, and public speaking. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
No edition or printing information is available in this copy. Written by Reverend Charles Adams, Principal of Newbury Seminary, a high school and literary institution. This system of grammar was created by the author for use in his own classes. It is based on the work of Lindley Murray, whose works on English grammar were published in the last decade of the 18th century. The author has endeavored to improve upon its definitions where possible. It provides four divisions of grammar: Orthography, Etymology, Syntax and Prosody. Orthography covers the nature of letters and proper spelling. Etymology covers the classifications of words with accompanying examples. Rules of syntax are accompanied with correct and incorrect examples. Prosody has two parts: pronunciation, comprising accent, quantity, emphasis, pause, and tone, and the laws of versification, which is the arrangement of syllables. Laws of punctuation are included. The text ends with eleven chapters of example texts that serve as exercises in parsing.
The Schultz Archive includes the complete text with minimal disruptions in quality. There are very rare instances of highlighting which obscures the readability; however, the text is otherwise impeccable.
No information on the printing or edition is given. The copyright is 1884. No information on the author is given. The book emphasizes adaptation as the fundamental law of rhetoric and the effects produced "at the time and under the circumstances." Conversation and letter writing are to be used to develop in the student rhetoric's important laws. Personal experience is seen as the basis for students learning narration and description. Illustrations are used throughout, particularly anecdotes and quotations from leading authors. The author specifically acknowledges _The Art of Extempore Speech_ by M. Bautain and _The Art of Reading_ by M. Legouve as influences. The sections are Sentence Making, Conversation, Letter-Writing, the Essay, the Oration, and Poetry. The chapter on conversation focuses on sociability, beginning with a chapter on "Good Breeding." The chapter on the essay is quite alliterative, its chapters: preparation, invention, style, purity, propriety, precision, perspictuity, power, perfection, and (most interestingly) preparation for the press. The Schultz Archive includes a large portion of the text; however, it is missing part I and pages 152-69, 256-303, and 504-end (Part V on oration and Part VI Poetry). The scans are good quality, but there is some highlighter that obscures text throughout.