[New York] Bulletin de l'Union républicaine de langue française, November 15, 1869-September 9, 1871. The emigres of 1848-49 formed the core of support for the Bulletin, which became involved with the International Workingmen's Association. The gap towards the end of 1870 reflected the dislocations of the Franco-Prussian War and the French declaration of a republic, after which hundreds of French radicals in New York returned to France, at least for the duration of the war. The publication reappeared in 1872 as Le Socialiste.
[New York City] The European, November 15, 1856-May 2, 1858, editor Hugh Forbes. Forbes, an English Garibaldian organized the emigres of 1848-49 in New York City with local radicals into a coalition of Universal Democratic Republicans. It became part of the International Association of the 1850s, and the foundation for the American sections of the International Workingmen's Association after the Civil War. Impressed by Forbes' war record coupled to his militant hostility to slavery, eastern abolitionists involved with John Brown recruited Forbes to be his military advisor. Convinced that the plan for Harpers Ferry was suicidal and unnecessary, Forbes left the operation. By 1860, he was back in Italy with Garibaldi, and, in his absence, became an easy figure to blame for the project's defeat.
From its founding, the University of Cincinnati was strongly connected to its birth city. Stradling’s comprehensive history, the first written in over fifty years, examines UC's complex history tied to Cincinnati and looks to the future as the university continues as a pioneer in higher education