1892 printing of 1892 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a Ph.D and as Professor in the School of Pedagogy, University of the City of New York. The introduction breaks the text down into punctuation, reproductions, inventions, short papers, letter-writing, and essay writing from outlines. Copying is recommended for exercises, the reproductions are to be rewritten from memory, the inventions take the form of interrupted stories. The chapters are punctuation, variety of expression, variety of sentence-form, paraphrase and abstract, essentials of sentence structure, figurative language, letter-writing, diction, essay-writing, common errors, and capitals. The appendices cover rules for punctuation, marks used in correcting compositions, additional material for compositions, and brief biographical notes. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1855 printing of 1846 copyrighted text. Preface states that while philosophers have studied the senses, few know about the organization of the human voice. Lessons for Dictation and Grammatical Analysis are interesting reading lessons. Exercises in the elements of pronunciation and subject for composition give the orthography of over 10,000 of the most important words in the English language. The Analysis and Classification of the Alphabet has been newly arranged according to the organic construction of the English language. The whole book is intended to be written and studied by the pupil after the dictation and oral explanation by the teacher. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, the index, and pages 48 – 49.
1863 printing of 1863 copyrighted text. Author is credited as Superintendent of Public Schools, Oswego, NY, and as author of several texts. An American edition of a text that was in its 14th edition in London in 1855. The first three steps are designed for the first three years of school, the fourth and fifth steps are for students 10 to 14 years old. The object of the lessons is to cultivate the senses, awaken and quicken observation, and to teach the use of the full range of senses. Includes preface by Elizabeth Mayo. Contents is divided into sections based on complexity of object, including sections on metals, natural history, vegetables, textiles, minerals, and manufactured articles. It also includes a list of vocabulary. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 407 page text.
This "New and Improved Edition" was published in 1894 and copyrighted in 1892. The author is credited as Professor of Language and Literature in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and as the author of several other books. The text claims it is responding to teachers' need for work for pupils to do in illustration of what they have learned. The first section on invention covers sentence structure, forming paragraphs, analysis of subjects, and preparation of frameworks. The second section on qualities of style discusses perspicuity, imagery, energy, wit, pathos, and elegance. The third section on productions breaks up prose into oral (conversation, debates, sermons, etc.) and written (biographies, histories, fiction, letters, etc.). It also discusses poetry by focusing on mission, style, form, and kinds (satiric, epic, dramatic, etc.). Exercises include specific directions for altering or analyzing examples. Excerpts from the work of well known authors are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
University of Wisconsin Bureau of Educational Research Bulletin, Number 14, August 1933. The author is credited as Assistant Professor in the Teaching of English, University of Wisconsin. A similar work to Sterling A. Leonard's The Doctrine of Correctness in English Usage, 1700-1800 but for the 20th century. The chapters include: general introduction, theories of correctness in the nineteenth century, current theories of correctness, prescriptive grammar, prescriptive syntax, prescriptive usage, and recommendations for the writing of textbooks in English. The study purports to show the confusion between grammar purists and grammar liberalists and the unfortunate influence this confusion has had on the teaching of English. It also seeks to trace the origin and development of traditional rules and statements regarding usage and to show that these contrast with the facts of past and present usage. The study analyzes 16 textbooks in grammar and composition. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 172 page text.
1842 printing of 1842 copyrighted text. The second part is for grammar schools, while the first part is for preparatory schools (and includes illustrative engravings).The text rejects the old system of grammar of Murray. It claims to be a proper conservative grammar written for those English speakers who will not study other languages, addressed to the understanding and not the memory. It covers classes of English words (with tables of examples), rules for sentence construction, analysis and parsing, rules of syntax, and includes review questions Includes practical exercises to illustrate every principle and is arranged to explain the differences between its system and the old system. Credits the influence of Wallis, Harris, Horne Tooke, Gilchrist, and Crombie. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the entire text of the second part.
Author's Ph.D. thesis at Cornell. Author's vita describes her education and teaching experience, including her experience as supervisor of practice teaching in English at the Ithaca High School. Introduction begins by claiming the unpopularity of composition among students, and by stating the study doesn't make a contribution to methods of composition teaching, but seeks to add a page to the history of American education. It addresses: when and where English composition first taught in American secondary schools, the rapidity of its introduction, when it became recognized as part of the curriculum, and methods used from 1750 to 1900. The chapters are: lack of composition teaching before 1750, the introduction of composition, the extension of composition teaching, 1820–1900, the influence of college entrance requirements on composition teaching, the development of method in composition teaching, and the conclusion. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
This second edition is dated 1829. The author is credited on the cover as a teacher. This texts uses a system of mnemonics to teach children the useful science of grammar. It has mothers and young instructresses in mind, who are untrained and therefore unlikely to teach it without a simple method. Chapters have a section to be read, a recapitulation lesson section to be memorized, and a practice section founded on scripture to provide moral instruction. The work also has wood-cut illustrations. The Schultz Archive's copy of this text is incomplete. It is missing numerous pages, but it does have a sample of pages from throughout the text. Attached is the text of a similar work of similar inspiration (it acknowledges sharing the same wood-cut illustrations), published in 1832 in New York: The Infant School Grammar Consisting of Elementary Lessons in the Analytical Method; illustrated by Sensible Objects and Actions.
1895 printing. Brown in the author of the annotations to this correlation of studies in elementary education. The committee members include William T. Harris (as the chairman), the United States Commissioner of Education; and superintendents from such localities as Kansas City, MO; Saint Paul, MN; Cleveland, OH; and Brooklyn, NY. The main sections are: correlation of studies; the course of study—educational values; the school program; methods and organization; and statements of dissent from some of the committee members. There is also an appendix titled: The Old Psychology vs. The New. Some of the topics covered in the first section are: logical order of topics and branches, symmetrical whole of studies in the world of human learning, psychological symmetry—the whole mind, correlations of pupil's course of study with the world in which he lives—his spiritual and natural environment. The annotations reflect on and evaluate the contents of the report. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1897 copyrighted text. The preface states the work was written to be concise, using simple, untechnical language, for the purpose of practical teaching. Fill-in-the-blank exercises are used, as well as simple exercises in composition. The subjects of the exercises relate to the students' studies. The book includes selections from the writings of Holmes, Longfellow, Franklin, Warner, Scudder, Burroughs, Frank Dempster Sherman, Alice Cary, Stevenson, and Tarbell. The chapters cover the sentence, parts of speech (in several different sections), inflection, elements of the sentence, and classification of the sentence (which includes parts on letter writing). The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, and a selection of pages containing the composition exercises.
1896 printing of 1896 copyrighted work. Part of the International Education Series. The author is credited with both a Ph.D. and an LL.D., as Professor of the Science and the Art of Teaching in the University of Michigan, and as the author of several books of diverse subject matter. W. T. Harris writes the editor's preface: A collection of thoughts on language, influences include Aristotle and Quintilian and Spencer and Lowell, covering its use, its growth, the study of its mechanics, its grammatical and logical structures, the order of mastering its use in speaking, reading, and writing. The discussion covers primary, grammar, high school, and college instruction. Chapters IV, V, and VI relay facts drawn from child study. Chapters VII, VIII, IX, X, and XIII discuss the higher function of literature. Chapter VIII discusses the use of paraphrasing to aid comprehension. The author's preface speaks back to the Harvard Committee's reports on students' writing skills. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1901 printing of the 1901 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a B.A. and as Professor of English in the Michigan State Normal College in Ypsilanti, Michigan. Argues for the importance of historical study for scholarship in the grammar of modern English. Based in the study of English grammars over a span of two hundred years. Recommends the work of O. F. Emerson, A. C. Champneys, and Lounsbury. Strives to move away from grammar instruction based on memorization to instruction based on induction. Includes "test questions" at the end of each lecture. The four lectures: History of English Grammar Teaching, Descriptive Grammar and Scientific Grammar, Purpose and Method, False Syntax. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
This first New York edition was printed in 1867 and copyrighted in 1866. Based on lectures given by the author at the Teachers' Institutes at the invitation of the Secretary of the Board of Education of Massachusetts in 1845 and 1846. The contents include many education topics from arithmetic to geography to music to discipline. The Schultz Archive's copy includes only three chapters: the uses and abuses of memory, English grammar, and composition. The author's lecture of grammar seems to draw mostly on the work of Murrary, Crombie, Wallis, and Priestley. The composition chapter is brief and mostly covers the teaching of punctuation.
Text copyrighted 1900 and 1910. Author is credited as Principal of the Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama. A text on the history of the education of black Americans that begins by relating the progress of black Americans with President McKinley's words on the evolution of the country. Sections cover development of popular education, education of negroes before 1860, public school education in the south after the war, ground work education in the south, bequests for southern education, present educational status. Includes 8 statistical tables. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 44 page text.
1899 copyrighted text. Hailmann is credited as Superintendent of Schools, Dayton, Ohio. Butler is credited as Professor of Philosophy and Education in Columbia University, New York. Title page states this Department of Education text is for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900. Introduction describes history of white and Indian engagement as driven by both greed and Christian philanthropy (on the part of whites). The report goes on to cover the prior work in Indian education by Reverend John Eliot, Reverend John Sergeant, and Reverend Eleazer Wheelock. Other sections of the introduction cover persistence of spirit of work, shortcomings, period of inaction, resumption of work, decay of missionary effort, and present organization (which covers reservation and non-reservation boarding schools, industrial training schools, Haskell institue, Carlisle, contract schools, and supervision). It ends with a conclusion and outlook section that includes a section on schools of Indian territory. Finally, it features eight tables of statistics related to the attendance and cost of various Indian schools. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the full report of thirty-six pages.
1872 copyrighted text. Published by the Journal of Education. The author is credited as Superintendent Public Schools, St. Louis. This text read at the National Teachers' Association, held at Cleveland, Aug. 19, 1870. Written in two chapters: Ch. I—Education in the Past; Ch. II—The Present and Future of Education. The text covers the history of printing, textbooks, circulation, and pedagogy. It includes sections on nature vs. human nature, the realm of mind, the function of education, Rousseau, Pestalozzi, oral vs. textbook instruction, and the spirit of the age. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete text.
1899 copyrighted text. Title page states this Department of Education text is for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900. The author is credited as President of Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. A study of higher education of women in the United States based on the past thirty years which finds that women's education is primarily to train mental faculties and only secondarily to provide professional or special education to equip women to be self-supporting. Includes sections on coeducation, independent colleges for women, professional education (including graduate instruction), occupations of college women, coeducation versus separate education, and curriculum. Graphs and tables are included to illustrate statistics. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 40 page text.
1881 printing of 1880 copyrighted text. This history of the Boston Public Latin School (the oldest educational institution in the country) was written for the Harvard Register. The book is based on manuscripts by early pupils, as well as Gould's article on the Latin School; Dr. Dimmock's Memorial Address on Dr. Gardner,;manuscript reports to the Boston Latin-School Association, mostly from Rev. Dr. Hale; John T. Hassam's Memoir of Ezekiel Cheever; and editorial articles in the Boston papers. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the full 24 pages of text.
1848 printing of 1847 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a reverend with a Master of Arts degree; as Principal of the classical and Mathematical Institute, Newburgh; and as the author of Something for Every Body. Chapters: the artist; the science, or the end of teaching; the tools and instruments; arranging and managing the material; schools, in their kinds, sorts, and varieties; common schools; persons most suitable for teachers; to the young. The Schultz Archive copy contains the TOC, the first page of the preface, and the text of chapter 3: tools and instruments.
1904 printing of the 1904 and 1899 copyrighted text.The author is credited as President of the University of Illinois. The text covers the history of organized systems of education in the United States. It begins by discussing the role of English and Dutch settlers on the educational culture and values of the people of the United States and it precedes to look at the different levels of organization based on levels of government and administration from school districts to townships to counties to states and the national level. It includes private education and colleges and universities. It uses statistics from the United States bureau of education. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1883 printing of 1883 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of Language and Literature in the Hoboken (N.J.) Academy. Text in response to criticism of language study in schools, and based on the idea that to obtain a practical knowledge of English one need only study the best, most idiomatic English writers, such as William Corbett. Text is an account of Corbett's life with one of his best productions, Corbett's English Grammar. The work aims to show what Corbett was as a man and a writer, to show how a writer acquired his power of expression. The Schultz Archive copy contains the editor's preface, the author's preface, a page of the TOC, and pages 218 – 223, on how Corbett taught grammar.
1837 printing of 1836 copyrighted text. Part of the Parley's Series of Readers. Sixty-nine chapters on objects, animals, children and moral instruction written as stories (sometimes in verse). Stories are written as numbered paragraphs. Vocabulary words are defined at the bottom of pages. Illustrations accompany many of the chapters. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1847 printing of 1842 copyrighted text. Author is credited as the author of the pictorial spelling book, pictorial primer, etc. Includes a recommendation of the Ward School Teachers' Association of the City of New York for a set of three books by the author. Preface states there are three objects of importance: to make the lessons pleasing, instructive, and moral. The work contains original and selected lessons (readings) on familiar subjects adapted to their level of comprehension. Engravings illustrate many lessons. Moral principles are taught through binaries such as good and evil, kindness and cruelty, and truth and falsehood. Schultz Archive copy is roughly the entire text. TOC is at the end and is partially cut off.
1832 printing of 1832 copyrighted text. Possibly an American edition of an Irish text. Preface (dated 1831) states the author believes a book of this grade is still needed and the text is based on the author's experience as a teacher. The text contains simple and interesting lessons consisting of short and easy words. The 70 lessons are all narratives and poems with numbered paragraphs. Many include a moral lessons, sometimes presented with questions. There are some pictorial illustrations as well. Author credits the influence of the Juvenile Miscellany. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete 83 page text.
1805 printing of third edition improved. Author is credited as the author of English Grammar, Adapted to the Different Classes of Learners. The contents of the text, except the exercises, were all published in the author's English Spelling Book. The introduction states this book is calculated to assist mother's instruction of their young children. The exercises are called the child's parsing. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 51 page text.
1847 copyrighted text. Text strives for simplicity and attractiveness. Covers the alphabet, syllables in simple words, simple sentences, familiar words for spelling, and reading lessons with spelling exercises. Detailed engravings and rhyming verse appear throughout. Topics include sports, animals, and stories. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly fifty pages from the book, but is, perhaps, incomplete.
1810 printing of the third edition, copyright roughly 1807. A New Classical Selection of Letters; Interspersed with Some Original Productions on Business, Duty, Friendship, Love, Marriage, etc. with Miscellaneous Piece, in Prose and Verse; Petitions on Various Subjects, Complimentary Cards, Forms in Law, and the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America. Schultz Archive copy includes TOC, introduction, and a few pages covering correspondence between children and adults.
1888 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the author of Good Manners. Preface states that letter writing has been declared a lost art and that this text contains models of letters for every occasion that would demand correspondence. Contents includes letters on broken business engagement, declining to recommend, inquiring about a house to rent, excusing a pupil's absence, request for loan of money, recommending a governess, from lady to clergyman asking reference, form of a will, courtship and marriage, friendship, condolence, requesting favors, regrets and apology, etc. The book also contains a short section on the art of letter writing and a list of rules. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, the first few pages on the art of letter writing and the rules, and a selection of pages related to correspondence concerning children.
PDF of a facsimile from a copy in the Yale University Library. Library of Congress number 75-112064. Title page states it was written in 1798 and 1799. The author is credited as an M.D. Title page also states it was printed for J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church-Yard. The copied chapter relates to the evaluation and production of "writing, or literary composition." Schultz Archive copy includes pages 50 – 75 (Letter IV: Perfection in Writing), 316 – 317. Highlighting partially or completely obscures some short passages of text.
1884 copyrighted text. A book on manners that strives to be familiar and conversational, with children doing a large part of the talking. Chapters cover manners: in general, at school, on the street, at home, toward the aged, at the table, in society, at church, at places of amusement, in stories and similar public places, in travelling (sic), and in borrowing. Each lesson includes an outline for teachers to write on the blackboard. The Schultz Archive copy contains most of the introduction, TOC, and a selection of pages, most of which are the outlines for the lessons. Some of the pages are difficult to read due to the quality of the copying.
1801 printing of the first American edition. Preface emphasizes Lord Chesterfield's approach to the refinement of taste; the epistolary style; and knowledge of life, men, and manner (appropriate for the gentleman, the scholar, and the man of education). Preface also states text has been revised and amended by Rev. Dr. Gregory to remove the parts which religion, virtue and morality would disapprove and to adapt it for schools and academies. Schultz Archive copy only includes the preface and first page of Letter sixty three: Of Style in Writing . . . Advantages of a good style . . . Examples of a bad Style . . . Cicero and Quintilian.
1801 printing. Contents include: absence of mind, attention, awkwardness of different kinds, bashfulness, company, rules for behavior in company, rules for conversation, economy, friendship, good breeding, and graces. Schultz Archive copy includes only pages 66 and 67 on letter writing from the chapter on graces.
1811 printing of a new edition corrected and enlarged. The Universal Letter-Writer; Or, Whole Art of Polite Correspondence: A Great Variety of Plain, Easy, Entertaining and Familiar Original Letters Adapted to Every Age and Situation in Life, but More Particularly on Business, Education, and Love: Together with Various Forms and Petitions, Suitable to the different Wants and Exigencies of Life; Proper Methods of Addressing Superiors and Persons of All Ranks Both In Writing and Discourse; and Valuable Hints for Grammatical Correctness on All Occasions. To which is added a Modern Collection of Genteel Complimentary Cards. Likewise, Useful form in Law, such as Wills, Bonds, etc. To which is subjoined an index, To enable the reader immediately to find out any particular Letter of Article wanted. For the youthful and uniformed mind. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, introduction, the index, and a few pages from the main body of the text.
1889 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of Rhetoric in the Richmond High Schools, Richmond, VA. A practical treatise on rhetoric for the lower grades of high school. Includes a discussion of simple, complex, and compound sentences, as students still need this review of grammar (in part because their grammar instruction has been analytical rather than synthetical). Lessons include a section of reproduction and a section of development. The Reproductions furnishes material for practice of the discussed principles. The Developments section is a more advanced step, giving play to the imagination by supplying the details of a connected story, while also serving as a test of style. Chapters cover kinds of sentences, paragraphing, variety of expression, style, figures of speech, special properties of style, paraphrasing, kinds of prose composition, prosody and versification, and poetry. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, a few scattered pages, and pages 309 – 335 on prose composition.