1902 printing of 1902 copyrighted text. As a companion piece to Lockwood and Emerson's Composition and Rhetoric, this brief manual aims at helping teachers with lessons through additional hints, student sample work, and references and supplementary drill. The sections are an introduction, a review of English grammar, retelling another person's thought, expression of the pupil's own thoughts, imagination in description and narration, essential qualities of the theme, the paragraph, the relation of the college requirements in English to the study of composition and rhetoric, and adaptation of this textbook to various courses of study. The Schultz Archive's copy of this supplementary text is roughly complete.
1862 copyrighted text. Lilienthal is credited as a doctor and Allyn is credited with a Master of Arts. The work is prepared by the order of the Cincinnati Public School Board. Things Taught is a "book of questions without direct answers" that "seeks to acquaint [students] with the world." Through object lessons, observation, and the creation of stories, students are presented a new means to observe the world around. The sections are development of ideas by observation, development of ideas by observation and reflection, stories to be written from memory, transformation of poetry into prose, stories to be made from elements and letters, description of natural bodies, themes for composition, business papers, advertisements, and invitations and certificates. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1902 printing of the 1902 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a Ph.D. and as Associate Professor of English in Lewis Institute and as the author of additional books. This revised and rearranged version of an earlier text is best adapted for the first two years of high school. The six chapters are composition in general, punctuation and sentence-structure, correctness in the sentence, description, narration, exposition and argument. The first chapter drills the student in reproduction, summary, and letter writing. The second chapter asks students to learn by hearty forty typical sentences with their punctuation. The third chapter covers practical grammar and idiom. The last three chapters are the second year, dealing with types of discourse; principles of unity, sequence, and contrast; the description chapter uses pictures; and spelling. Exercises are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1899 printing of the 1897 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a Ph.D. and as Associate Professor of English in Lewis Institute and in the University of Chicago. The preface argues that teaching composition needs more utilization of literature and and more appeal to social interests, more inductions and generalizations by the student himself, and more time for practice and criticism. The subjects of the chapters include reading aloud and spelling, punctuation, dividing a paragraph into sentences, organizing the theme, word choice, mastery of a writing vocabulary, letter-writing, reproduction, abstract, summary, abridgment, narration and description, and exposition and argument. Writing exercises and illustrative examples are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1900 copyrighted text. The preface argues that the teaching of rhetoric that focuses on statements of definitions and principals which students are expected to memorize is ineffective. Instead, this text proposes an inductive approach in which the teaching of rhetoric is paired with the teaching of literature. The divisions of the book are qualities of style (clearness, force, elegance), forms of style (verse, prose), and methods of treatment (description, narration, exposition, argumentation, persuasion). Exercises and illustrative examples are included throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is missing pages 2 - 139 and perhaps some pages of the appendix.
1809 printing. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Principal of Baltimore College. This text is written in a question and answer form for the benefit of both students and instructors. Rhetoric is defined to be the quintessence of all that is excellent in Belle Lettre and classical and literary composition. The topics covered include taste, criticism, genius, sublimity, beauty, novelty, imitation, style, sentence structure, harmony, figurative language, kinds of poetry, characters of prose, classical argument, and Stirling's definitions of tropes and figures of rhetoric. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1853 printing of the 1853 copyrighted text. The author is a reverend and credited with a Master of Arts degree and as the author of two other books on grammar. The book aims to avoid the pitfalls of offering too little assistance to students or providing too much, while preparing them to undertake the discussion of a subject in a methodological and logical manner. Its first part covers sentence making with sections on the parts of a sentence, kinds of sentences, analysis of sentences, and the synthesis and composing of fables. The second part covers variety of expression, looking at arrangement, structure, word choice, synonyms, and colloquial and narrative forms. Part three covers description and figurative language and has sections on description, narrative, biography, history, epistolary, figures of speech, theme outlines, essay outlines, and declamation and oration. The fourth party covers punctuation and versification. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1892 printing of the 1891 copyrighted text. Based on experience teaching in the high school in Cleveland, Ohio. The preface explains the authors are concerned that students aren't taught how to go about writing assignments (especially those requiring research) and that they are made too self-conscious to write.The chapters cover narration, the use of words, description, common language errors, correspondence, combining narration and description (in poems, story writing, and nature writing), studying sentences and paragraphs, rhetorical figures, study of authors, qualities of style, historical writing, short stories for children, versification, Shakespeare, book reviews, persuasive discourse, and public speaking. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1869 printing of the 1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as the author of several titles on grammar. The preface claims that the teaching of language has been primarily focused on grammar and analysis rather than on expression. It attempts to weave the teaching of grammar with rhetoric and composition with a progressive series of exercises designed to develop skill in the use of words, in the construction of sentences, and in the finding of thoughts. It uses good models (in particular, excerpts from celebrated writers) rather than examples of errors. It covers style, descriptions, narration, exposition, persuasion, and varieties of compositions. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
This "New and Improved Edition" was published in 1894 and copyrighted in 1892. The author is credited as Professor of Language and Literature in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and as the author of several other books. The text claims it is responding to teachers' need for work for pupils to do in illustration of what they have learned. The first section on invention covers sentence structure, forming paragraphs, analysis of subjects, and preparation of frameworks. The second section on qualities of style discusses perspicuity, imagery, energy, wit, pathos, and elegance. The third section on productions breaks up prose into oral (conversation, debates, sermons, etc.) and written (biographies, histories, fiction, letters, etc.). It also discusses poetry by focusing on mission, style, form, and kinds (satiric, epic, dramatic, etc.). Exercises include specific directions for altering or analyzing examples. Excerpts from the work of well known authors are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.