Matrices of DNA sequences used to generate the phylogeny of Aniba rosiodora and related species (Lauraceae) presented in the manuscript entitled "Chemical and genotypic variations in Aniba species from the Amazonian forest"
This talk was the first panelist in the Data Empowering Social Justice Session for the 4th Annual UC Data Day Conference hosted by UC Libraries.
Theresa M. Culley, Professor and Head of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati
Talk Title: Lessons From Publishing: Do Researchers in Developing Countries Receive Credit for Their Work?
My laboratory is working to better understand if scientists in developing countries, where the majority of plant biodiversity occurs, are receiving proper scientific recognition for their research in the form of authorship in the peer-reviewed literature. We are also interested in promoting shared, accessible data that may be used in future studies to make novel advancements in the biological field. Our research thus far indicates that many scientists in developing countries are not being included in the published literature as authors
Abstract. Several basic relative invariants for homogeneous linear differential
equations were discovered during the years shortly after 1878. Also, a basic
relative invariant was found by Paul Appell in 1889 for a type of nonlinear
differential equation. There was little progress during the years 1892--1988 as
researchers who worked with homogeneous linear differential equations were
unknowingly handicapped by the standard practice of introducing binomial
coefficients in the writing of their equations. They thereby failed to develop
adequate formulas for the coefficients of equations resulting from a change of
the independent variable. Consequently, for relative invariants as the most
important kind of invariant, progress was stymied.
The notation was simplified in 1989, adequate transformation formulas
were developed, and explicit expressions were deduced in 2002 for all of the
basic relative invariants of homogeneous linear differential equations. In 2007,
explicit formulas were obtained for all of the basic relative invariants of a
type of ordinary differential equation involving two parameters m and n that
represent positive integers. When n = 1 and m >= 3, the formulas specialize to
provide all of the basic relative invariants for homogeneous linear differential
equations of order m; and, when m = n = 2, they yield all three of the basic
relative invariants for the equations of Paul Appell.
A general method developed in 2014 combines two relative invariants of
weights p and q for the same type of equation to explicitly obtain a relative
invariant of weight p+q +r, for any r >= 0. With that, the principal problems
about relative invariants have now been solved.
This monograph provides clear perspective about the reformulation begun
after 1988 and recently completed. Chapters 15 and 18 show how the major
difficulties confronting earlier researchers have been overcome.
Cincinnati has one of the lowest home ownership rates in the country for cities of comparable size. Several other cities with low rates of home ownership in 1970 have managed to increase their rates two to four percent over the past 25 years, but the home ownership rate in Cincinnati has been stable over that period at 38 percent.
The best explanation for Cincinnati’s low home ownership rate is that the topography of the city encouraged dense development involving multiple-unit structures up until World War II. When the highway programs of the post-war period opened up the suburbs to development, the city was already built-out and could not compete for new single-unit construction that the federal government was subsidizing on a massive scale.
In the last 50 years, the Hamilton County suburbs have gained 140,000 owners while the number of owners in the city has decreased by 1,000. As a result, the home ownership rate in the Cincinnati metropolitan area is greater than the national rate for areas of comparable size (63 percent versus 61 percent) while the rate in the city is far less than the national rate.
The City of Cincinnati faces a number of challenges in any effort to increase its home ownership rate. Government programs in other cities typically produce dozens of units a year, not the hundreds of units that Cincinnati needs to produce. In order to achieve even a modest increase in home ownership, the city will have to alter market forces in the direction of increased supply of housing suitable for owner-occupancy and increased demand for home ownership.
In order to increase its rate of home ownership to 41 percent by the year 2010, the City of Cincinnati needs to adopt a four-part strategy:
Increase the Supply of Units
The market cannot produce new units on its own. The city needs to assemble and prepare sites in order to reduce the additional costs associated with building in the city as opposed to the suburbs. City Hall must continue to eliminate barriers to development and provide new services to builders. Cincinnati will not be able to increase the number of middle-class owners without creating new neighborhood areas with the appropriate mix of amenities. At the lower end of the owner-market, the city needs to move aggressively to convert abandoned structures into units people will want to buy and rehabilitate.
Help Renters Become Owners
While converting renters to owners is an essential component of an overall strategy, the City of Cincinnati must recognize that not everyone can be an owner and target its resources appropriately. The city does not have unlimited funds to change the cost equation of owning a home and will, therefore, have to learn from other cities how to work with lending institutions to increase the flow of dollars under Community Reinvestment Act initiatives. Other cities have had some limited success with programs to convert people renting duplex and condo units into owners. The city needs to increase the availability, extent and quality of education and counseling programs.
Attract New Households to the City
The city has to market its neighborhoods, and in some cases, smaller areas within neighborhoods. This will require market research, training programs for Realtors, investments in street furniture, increased services, publications extolling city neighborhoods, and programs comparable to the Living in Cleveland program. The city needs to start working cooperatively with the Cincinnati Public Schools. Specific market niches in which the city can hope to compete very successfully include the empty nesters, the gay and lesbian community, first time buyers, and people interested in downtown living.
Maintain the Existing Pool of Owners
About 75 percent of the time a home owner in Cincinnati sells and buys another home in the Cincinnati area, the home purchased will be in the suburbs. The city must create opportunities for the home seller to move up without moving out of the city.
In addition to the above strategies, which involve the central city market, the City of Cincinnati needs to actively promote strategies that will help slow the rate of suburbanization and that will create low income housing opportunities in the suburbs. If suburbanization continues at the current rate, and if the city continues to be the governmental unit with de facto responsibility for low income housing, there is every reason to wonder if there is anything that the city can do to increase its rate of home ownership.
This Poster describes a collaborative research project between the Culley and Tepe labs in the UC Department of Biology and UC Libraries Digital Scholarship Center presented at the 2017 UC Data Day ( https://libapps.libraries.uc.edu/blogs/dataday/past-data-days/). The project explores publication patterns of research involving hotspot areas of biodiversity and if researchers from developing countries which tend to have most of the biodiversity hotspots, are adequately represented as authors in the scientific literature indexed in Scopus (TM-Elsevier), JSTOR, and PubMed.