In this research, Industrial Artificial Intelligence (IAI) is discussed as the most promising technology for enabling and realization of the next industrial revolution. The key enablers for this transformative technology along with their significant advantages are discussed. In addition, this research explains “Lighthouse Factories” as an emerging status applying to the top manufacturers that have implemented IAI in their manufacturing ecosystem and gained significant financial benefits. It is believed that this research will work as a guideline and roadmap for researchers and industries towards the real world implementation of IAI. // Please use this for citation: "Jay Lee, Jaskaran Singh, Moslem Azamfar. Industrial AI: Is It Manufacturing’s Guiding Light? Manufacturing leadership Journal. 2019:26–36. doi:10.7945/tt9s-gz25."
A tactile display apparatus renders information to a user, and comprises multiple braille cells attached adjacent to each other along a predefined path, a set of pins housed within the braille cells, and a set of pin holders inserted on the braille cells. The braille cells are moved periodically at a predefined speed via a driving assembly. The pins are selectively actuated by actuators, where the linear motion of the braille cells allow the user to contact the pins to read the information represented by the arrangement of the pins. The pin holders are moved along a defined path to contact the pins, and each pin holder comprises a rigid body and multiple elastic rings attached along the rigid body. The number of elastic rings is equal to the number of pins to allow the pin holder to selectively hold or release a pin.
It is shown in present study that Rainflow method is unable to accurately estimate fatigue life ofcomponents under random loading, almost always. The inconsistencies between results of Rainflowmethod and hysteresis curve are also discussed. Alike the Peak counting method, it is shown that Shadowmethod doesn’t consider the possibility of deformation within individual cycles. Hence, Moshrefifar andAzamfar method is proposed as a novel technique having accurate results in different analytical condi-tions which are in good consistence with results obtained from hysteresis curves. Authors finally proposean algorithm as well as a C language program for this method.
Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPSs) are complex manufacturing systems which aim to integrate and synchronize machine world and manufacturing facility to the cyber computational space. However, having intensive interconnectivity and a computational platform is crucial for real-world implementation of CPPSs. In this paper, the potential impacts of blockchain technology in development and realization of real-world CPPSs are discussed. A unified three-level blockchain architecture is proposed as a guideline for researchers and industries to clearly identify the potentials of blockchain and adapt, develop, and incorporate this technology with their manufacturing developments towards Industry 4.0.
The purpose of this project is to consider and evaluate the economic attractiveness of a process producing 250,000 lb/h of acetic acid by the selective carbonylation of methanol via carbon monoxide with the use of an iridium tri-iodide catalyst. Initial cost estimates of this process will be completed prior to the completed rigorous design to ensure the process is economically viable and meets product specifications. A full cost analysis will then be made on the initial design to further verify the process will meet product specifications and is economically attractive to the business. A recommendation to continue investigating will be made based on the analysis of the investment cost and annual operating costs of this reaction/separation system.
An economic analysis was performed on the selected design. The total capital cost for this project is $145 million, with a yearly utility and incremental cost of $62 million and $90 million, respectively. The required ten-year return on investment was found to be 15%, when the Acetic Acid is sold at a price of $437 /ton. When the Acetic Acid is sold at $745/ton (achieves 15% 1-year ROI), an ROI of 547% is achieved for a 10-year period. In order to achieve a five-year ROI of 15%, the selling price of Acetic Acid is only increased to roughly $455/ton.
This data set contains ultrasound IQ echo data with corresponding co-registered scanned, TTC-stained tissue sections of rabbit liver with VX2 tumor, after in-vivo ultrasound ablation controlled by echo decorrelation imaging. IQ data and associated parameters are in files *data.mat; corresponding tissue sections are in files *.png, and trials parameters are provided in Parameters*.mat and *.csv files. Further details are provided in the included dissertation (Abbass 2018): see chapter 4, figures 4.4-4.8, and the Appendix.