Dr. Deborah Duran is the director of NIMHD’s Office of Science Policy, Strategic Planning, Analysis, Reporting, and Data (OSPARD). She has 20 years of experience in organizational strategic planning, system assessments, science policy, measures, metrics, data management, performance monitoring, and reporting. Dr. Duran leads two branches within OSPARD: Science Planning, Policy, and Reporting; and Data, Assessments, Resources, and Evaluation. OSPARD serves NIMHD planning, assessment, analysis, and reporting needs and coordinates trans-NIH minority health and health disparities planning and reporting requirements. Dr. Duran hopes to help NIMHD become the centralized source of minority health and health disparities biomedical data, policies, and scientific advances.
Dr. Duran has spent much of her NIH career serving as performance director in the NIH Office of the Director, handling a wide range of responsibilities, including program performance monitoring, budget performance integration, organization performance assessments, and strategic planning. She designed a centralized online reporting system, currently used by NIH and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), to assist in the collection, analysis, and communication of organization performance information.
Dr. Duran trained in social psychology and virus research, statistics, evaluation, counseling, and computer science. She has experience as an educator, principal investigator, advocate, researcher, consultant, and counselor. Her areas of interest include system science, population health, Hispanic health, behavior research, cancer, coping, end-of-life care, palliative care, data systems, data management, and training minority youth.
Dr. Duran has a Ph.D. in social psychology with a minor in research methodologies and statistics. In 2000 and in 2004, Dr. Duran earned the HHS Secretary’s Award for Distinguished Service.
Stylolites in twelve stratigraphic sections of the Salem Limestone, distributed throughout the Illinois Basin, provide clues to their origin and development. Chemical and X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that stylolite seam material contains organic matter and clay minerals too sparse or absent in the host limestone to be considered solely as insoluble residue. Stylolite distribution in various lithofacies suggests that stylolites develop along thin sedimentary layers rich in organic matter and clay minerals. Stylolite density (vertical distribution) mimics the distribution of organic-rich sedimentary layers: sparse but thick in grainstone, and abundant but thin in packstone and wackestone. Many stylolites grade laterally into organic-rich layers, or hummocky seams. Thicknesses of stylolite caps and hummocky seams are approximately equal in the same host rock, but hummocky seams tend to be more laterally continuous. Stylolite density in packstone increases with burial depth, whereas hummocky seam density decreases. Hummocky seam thickness does not change with depth. Stylolite column height in grainstone, which is sparse in hummocky seams, increases with depth, whereas stylolite density does not increase. This list of observations supports the hypothesis that stylolites develop along pre-existing, organic-rich layers, or hummocky seams, rather than nucleating in pure host rock and creating organic-rich seams as accumulations of insoluble residue. Volumetric calculations indicate that the contribution of stylolites to pore-filling cement is 5 to 25 percent throughout the Illinois Basin.
Cambrian sedimentation of the Rome trough in eastern Kentucky was studied using 85 wells supplemented by available cuttings and cores. Most conclusions are based on cross sections, isopach and structure maps, and the environmental interpretation of geophysical logs. Thin section petrology played a supplementary role.
Organic carbon (C) and sulfide sulfur (S) contents of host rocks and ore bodies selected from four manganese carbonate deposits were tested and plots of carbon against sulfur of the type proposed by Berner were used to distinguish depositional environments.