The present study aims to advance the extant research base by evaluating the implementation and effectiveness of an academic vocabulary program designed for use in mainstream middle school classrooms with high proportions of language minority learners. The quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study was conducted in 21 classes (13 treatment matched to 8 control) in seven middle schools in a large district, with 476 sixth-grade students (346 language minority learners, 130 native English speakers). Classroom observations and teacher logs indicated the 18-week program was implemented with good fidelity and that the approach contrasted sharply with the standard district English language arts (ELA) curriculum. Multilevel modeling indicated that the program resulted in significant effects on several aspects of vocabulary knowledge, including meanings of taught words (d = 0.39; p < .0001), morphological awareness (d = 0.20; p = .0003), and the word meanings as presented in expository text (d = 0.20; p = .0227). The program also yielded marginally significant, but promising effects on a depth of word knowledge measure (d = 0.15; p =0.0830) and a norm-referenced measure of reading comprehension (d = 0.15; p = .0568). No effects were found on a norm-referenced vocabulary measure. These effects were comparable for language minority learners and their native-English-speaking classmates. Data from teachers shed light on the challenges of meeting students' diverse instructional needs and the roles of curriculum and professional networks in building instructional capacity. The findings show promise in developing effective multifaceted vocabulary instruction for implementation by ELA teachers in middle school classrooms with high numbers of language minority learners.
Science teachers are often charged with providing discipline-specific literacy instruction. However, little is known about the reading and writing genres, or text types, typically found in these classrooms. In particular, there is a lack of knowledge about what opportunities adolescents have to engage with the genres privileged in science to learn the discipline's specialized ways of making meaning and communicating knowledge. This article reports on a case study of the reading and writing genres found within four middle-grade science classrooms in one small all-female school. Results suggest that although a variety of text genres were present, there was little discussion of how and why science content was presented in particular ways. Notably, students also had far more opportunities to read than write extended nonfiction. Teachers can cultivate a more reciprocal relation between reading and writing in science by using genres that students read as models for their writing.
Poster presented at the 2016 Lilly Conference on evidence-based teaching and learning in Traverse City, Michigan.
A major goal of higher education is to help students choose purposeful pathways through college as they acquire skills that support them in becoming self-regulated and lifelong learners. This poster describes the successful implementation of two practices that foster self-regulated learning, a before- and after-course case study used to assess course knowledge and goal setting, in a fully online teacher education course. In addition to describing the practices, the poster includes a thematic analysis of the data from open-ended student responses to the assignment. Participants are invited to discuss the implications of this work and its potential applications in their classrooms.
After interacting with others at this poster, you will be able to: (a) describe two practices for developing self-regulated learners, (b) identify lessons learned from the implementation of these practices in a fully online teacher education course, and (c) apply these practices to one of your own courses.
A Process Guide for Establishing State Adult Education Content Standards was developed by the American Institutes for Research as part of the Adult Education Content Standards Warehouse Project under contract to the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Vocational and Adult Education, Contract No. ED-01-CO-0026/0023.