1859 printing. The author is credited as a doctor of divinity and as Professor of Belles Lettres and Political Economy in the College of New Jersey. A printed but unpublished textbook for use by the author's own pupils. Based on classroom experience using Whately's Rhetoric. Aims to provide mental discipline through recitations. While it is meant to serve in place of Whately's text, it is meant to be used with Theremin's text. Part one covers rhetorical process, classification of arguments, and arrangement of arguments. Part two covers persuasion. Part three covers constructive rhetoric: discourse and style. Part four covers elocution. The Schultz Archive copy only includes the preface and TOC.
1859 printing of 1859 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Formerly Principal of a Classical Academy, Baltimore. The text aims to provide the elementary principles of grammar more concisely than existing texts with fewer technical terms. The author claims his text is based on his teaching experience and a thorough examination and comparison of popular grammar texts. The text retains some necessary terminology, but has eliminated: dividing nouns into common and proper, the use of gender or person with nouns, the term case, the classification of verbs, and the use of moods. Additionally, the author replaces tense with time, creates a new system of tenses, provides a new definition of regular and irregular verbs, and uses the infinitive rather than the indicative as the governing mood. The lengthy introduction discusses twenty-seven changes made by the text. The text uses definitions/rules, examples, and examples for correction for most lessons. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the first 113 pages of the at least 128 page text.
1859 printing of 1859 copyrighted work. The author is credited as Professor of English Literature in the University of Pennsylvania, Late Principal-Assistant Professor of "Ethics and English Studies" in the United States Military Academy at West Point. A textbook designed to be a complete overview of rhetoric, putting an emphasis the application of rhetorical philosophy to the practice of writing. The author credits the influence of Whately, Campbell, and Aristotle. The text discusses the history of rhetoric, Campbell's four divisions, the relations of rhetoric to aesthetics, division of poetry, oratorical discourses, other genres (history, biography, fiction, epistles), invention, argument, persuasion, arrangement, style, and qualities of style. The author uses illustrative examples from the bible and from modern English and American writers. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
The second edition, printed 1859, copyrighted 1858. The work begins with twenty pages of certificates: words of praise from various people. A grammar handbook aimed at a wide audience of readers who wish to become "grammarians." Based on Lindley Murray's Grammar and the work of Samuel Kirkham, the author seeks to establish a more effective and systematic method of teaching students to parse and correct. For each grammatical principle Caldwell offers a number of questions and answers to elucidate the system of grammar. Students are expected to memorize the answers (the rules). Examples of false orthography, false syntax, and false punctuation are used to teach correcting. The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt, but the scans are good quality. However, some highlighter obscures text throughout.
No printing date given. Copyrighted in 1859. The author is credited as having Master of Arts degree. Burtt professes that his grammar will be practical and clear for high school and college students who need to learn the basic principles of English grammar. The text begins with basic orthography and etymology and progress through syntax, among other principles, to arrive at the application of English grammar principles to prosody. Burtt's text offers numerous examples for students that he claims will make learning the principles of English grammar simple for any student. Questions and exercises are used throughout, including exercising in parsing. The syntax section has examples of false syntax to be corrected and samples for syntax analysis. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (although the cover page repeats and page 65 is partly blanked out). Aside from the previously mentioned issues, the text is in good condition.