1899 copyrighted text. Hailmann is credited as Superintendent of Schools, Dayton, Ohio. Butler is credited as Professor of Philosophy and Education in Columbia University, New York. Title page states this Department of Education text is for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900. Introduction describes history of white and Indian engagement as driven by both greed and Christian philanthropy (on the part of whites). The report goes on to cover the prior work in Indian education by Reverend John Eliot, Reverend John Sergeant, and Reverend Eleazer Wheelock. Other sections of the introduction cover persistence of spirit of work, shortcomings, period of inaction, resumption of work, decay of missionary effort, and present organization (which covers reservation and non-reservation boarding schools, industrial training schools, Haskell institue, Carlisle, contract schools, and supervision). It ends with a conclusion and outlook section that includes a section on schools of Indian territory. Finally, it features eight tables of statistics related to the attendance and cost of various Indian schools. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the full report of thirty-six pages.
1889 printing of 1888 copyrighted text. Author is credited as Principal of Grammar School No. 3, Brooklyn, NY. Begins with gradual development of the sentence and the nature and office of the different parts of speech. The relations of words to each other precedes learning the words' proper forms. Includes exercises involving filling out sentences with the correct forms of words rather than correcting false syntax (although the appendix contains such exercises). Aims to make grammar more interesting and student progress more rapid. Preface claims it covers as much material as a two-book course on grammar. Examples of chapters include the following: Objects—Ideas; Analysis and Synthesis; Models for Written Analysis; Diagramming; Oral Parsing Models; Words Misused; Compound Sentences—Classification; Elliptical Sentences—Analysis; Bad Construction Improved; Composition—Subjects. Questions are used at the end of lessons. The book is structured to be progressive and its method inductive. The Schultz Archive copy includes the TOC, the index, a part of the appendix, and roughly forty to fifty pages from various chapters. Some of the pages are difficult to read due to the quality of the copies.
1899 printing of 1896 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Formerly Teacher of Composition in the State Normal School, Albany, NY. A grammar and composition text. It aims to provide practical training for students whose education ends with common or grammar school, as well as those who go on for further study. Each lesson aims to be a language lesson. Encourages students to cultivate their powers of observation. Connects language to the expression of thought. Selections from the best writers are used to encourage a taste for good literature, to awaken a love of nature, or to deepen a moral impression. Lessons lay out tasks for completion. Incorrect forms for correction are not used. The text also covers letter writing and business forms. Includes pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text, excepting the index.
No information is given on the printing of this 1889 edition printed in London. Henry J. Barker was lecturer on English Language and Literature to Pupil Teachers under the London School Board. Barker's text examines the study of the English language as interpreted by young students. Some of the chapters were previously published in Longman's Magazine as "Studies of Elementary School Life." The chapters contain anecdotes and commentary on the student whose writing is featured in that chapter, a selection of writing by that student, and further commentary on the writing itself. The purpose of the text seems to be amusement for the reader, perhaps at the expense of the "specimens" in the text. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (pages 86-87 are missing), and the scans are good quality, except some highlighter obscures text throughout.