This "New and Improved Edition" was published in 1894 and copyrighted in 1892. The author is credited as Professor of Language and Literature in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and as the author of several other books. The text claims it is responding to teachers' need for work for pupils to do in illustration of what they have learned. The first section on invention covers sentence structure, forming paragraphs, analysis of subjects, and preparation of frameworks. The second section on qualities of style discusses perspicuity, imagery, energy, wit, pathos, and elegance. The third section on productions breaks up prose into oral (conversation, debates, sermons, etc.) and written (biographies, histories, fiction, letters, etc.). It also discusses poetry by focusing on mission, style, form, and kinds (satiric, epic, dramatic, etc.). Exercises include specific directions for altering or analyzing examples. Excerpts from the work of well known authors are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
No edition or printing information is given in the copy. The author has a Bachelor of Arts from Smith College. As indicated by the subtitle, the work is intended for secondary and college students. Includes topics historical, imaginative, argumentative and subsequent brief chapters on: plan, or analysis; elaboration of points; criticism of one's own work; form of finished composition; composition an essential factor in the study of rhetoric; and figures of speech. The work seems addressed more to the teacher of the students than the students themselves. It attempts to explain how to students should mentally approach the act of writing but its language suggests a teacher thinking about the student’s mental habits rather than the student working though his own thoughts.
1894 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. It is apparently identical to the Schultz Archive's 1893 printing, with the exception of a few pages of advertisements at the end. The author is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the Leland Stanford Junior University. Designed to be a supplement to a more technical grammatical and rhetorical treatise, this text shows students how to find material and work that material into good, interesting compositions. Seventy-three exercises deal with particular kinds of composition, specimen subjects and themes are given with observations and suggestions for treatment, and models of various kinds of composition are provided (but these models are of student work or writing of a similar level of accomplishment). The work is divided into two parts. Part one, Composition Based on Experience and Observation, has sections on finding material, narration, description, and narration and description combined. Part two, Composition Based on Reading and Thought has sections on principles of composition, exposition, argumentation, persuasion, and miscellaneous forms (such as news, book reviews, letter, dialogue, as humor). John Genung's Rhetoric is listed as an influence. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1894 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric in Amherst College and as the author of two other texts on rhetoric. The preface explains that the book is meant to provide the necessary rhetorical theory and to accompany every step with critical and constructive written exercises in a progressive and systematic order. The theory is given as a list of rules, each accompanied by a paragraph of explanation and illustrative examples (the rules are positive expressions of principle rather than a series of don'ts). The exercises are novel according to the author and are based in groups of rules rather than individual ones, and they include compositions (on familiar topics) to be rewritten and sentences to be amended in a creative, problem-solving manner rather than corrective. The appendix has a digest of rules and a glossary of words and forms. The book is organized into two parts. Part One is Mastery of Materials and includes chapters on choice of words, phraseology, and special objects in style. Part Two is Organization of Materials and includes chapters on the sentence, the paragraph, and the whole composition. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
This is an 1894 printing of this work. Its copyright was registered in 1884.T. Whiting Bancroft was Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature in Brown University. Bancroft's composition text seeks to add a focus on rhetoric, modes and types of composition. Bancroft intends for his text to be used in conjunction with existing composition textbooks. The treatment of argumentative composition intends to show relation between deductive and inductive thought. It is divided into two sections: kinds of composition and practice in composition. Kinds of composition are broken into three parts: Explanatory, argumentative, and persuasive composition. The section on practice of composition is primarily concerned with themes. It provides examples of themes and outlines of essays that explore these themes. In the last part of the practice of composition on the relation of reading to composition, the author has credited the influence of librarians. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text; however, some of the pages are missing and have blank scans in their places. The quality of the text is high.
1894 copyrighted text. Metcalf is credited as Supervisor of Schools in Boston, MA. Bright is credited as Superintendent of Schools, Cook County, IL. A rearrangement of the authors text, Language Lessons, for a younger class of pupils. The preface argues students need opportunities for observation to awaken interest and stimulate thought. This text provides students with exercises giving students opportunity to speak and write. Poems are included to be read and committed to memory and occasionally to be studied. The text includes some illustrations to spur observation and thought. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Copyrighted 1894. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts and as Superintendent of Public Instruction, Brooklyn, NY. This text uses an inductive method and is designed in three parts for use over the course of three years of schooling, beginning as early as the third year of primary school. The first part contain exercises for constructing simple sentences. The second part requires students to construct sentence and to distinguish the sentence's parts. The third part begins generalization and continues analysis and synthesis of typical sentences with attention paid to irregular verbs. Exercises in composition with narratives and description are used in conjunction with the sentence and word forms. Models are provided for imitation. Exercises provide forms of sentences and the words to be employed. Some pictorial illustrations are included. Some poems are also included for appreciation. The author credits the influence of German language books by Baron, Junghann, and Schindler. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.