1900 copyrighted text. The preface argues that the teaching of rhetoric that focuses on statements of definitions and principals which students are expected to memorize is ineffective. Instead, this text proposes an inductive approach in which the teaching of rhetoric is paired with the teaching of literature. The divisions of the book are qualities of style (clearness, force, elegance), forms of style (verse, prose), and methods of treatment (description, narration, exposition, argumentation, persuasion). Exercises and illustrative examples are included throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is missing pages 2 - 139 and perhaps some pages of the appendix.
Text copyrighted 1897 and 1898. The author is credited as Professor of English at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The book is dedicated to Barrett Wendell. This textbook was designed for the first term of freshman composition at MIT, which is designed around weekly theme writing with instructor feedback. The sections of the book are: The Whole Composition (subject and title, unity, coherence, emphasis), The Paragraph (unity, coherence, emphasis), The Sentence (unity, coherence, emphasis), and Words (general and specific, conclusions). The first three sections each have a summary section at their ends. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1895 printing. Ricks is credited with a Bachelor of Science degree, as the Inspector of Schools to the School Board for London, and as the author of "Natural History Object Lessons". Introduction emphasizes the five sense as "doors and windows by which knowledge enters the mind" as well as muscular feeling. Object lessons are meant to cultivate the senses to train habits of attention, intelligent observation, and accurate comparison. Lessons build on one another and correspond to stages of development, and "words follow ideas." The text itself is divided into five stages. The first covers colors, shapes, tastes, and texture, size, and weight. The second covers color, form, tastes, "properties of bodies," and common objects. The third stages color, form, properties of bodies, common objects, and units of weight. The fourth covers color, form, properties of bodies, common objects, measure for dry goods, and manufactures. The fifth stages covers color, form, time, minerals, common metals, and textiles. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.