This talk was the third panelist in the Data Empowering Social Justice Session for the 4th Annual UC Data Day Conference hosted by UC Libraries.
Christopher J. Sullivan, School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati
Talk Title: Working with Agency Data to Better Understand Racial Disparities: The Case of Disproportionate Minority Contact with the Juvenile Justice System
This presentation is based on a recently-concluded study that sought to better understand patterns of disproportionate minority contact (DMC) in Ohio’s juvenile justice system. The project required extensive assessment and integration of record data that varied in their structures, availability of key fields, and operational definitions, which were collected or extracted from dozens of local juvenile court and police agencies across the state. Currently lead federally-funded research studies on juvenile risk and needs assessment and important reforms in Ohio’s juvenile justice systems.
This talk was the second panelist in the Health Equities and Disparities Session for the 4th Annual UC Data Day Conference hosted by UC Libraries.
Tammy Mentzel, MPH, Assistant Director for Programs and Projects, University of Cincinnati, Academic Health Center, Cincinnati Cancer Center
Talk Title(s): Understanding Health Disparities and Perceptions of Discrimination in Greater Cincinnati
Tammy served as the Program Director for the Transformation of Mission-based Health Care through Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion project aimed at bolstering diversity in the health care workforce and eliminating health disparities in urban communities by identifying, testing and adopting evidence-based strategies and tools. Tammy was formerly in the College of Nursing at UC where she was a Research Associate and Program Director providing leadership and support on six funded research projects totaling over $4.6 million.
If your organization is interested in establishing and developing a joint international program in
China, it is inevitable to face both manageable risks and unpredictable changes. There are
mainly three types of challenges.
● Political impact on travel and visa application: the 2017 re-election in China and
leadership change in the United States affect how efficient for both sides to visit each
other and stay for work.
● Technology restriction on teaching and communication: While the fast internet speed
and open internet are taken for granted in the US, technological difficulties in China can
be a barrier for effective teaching and communication.
● Censorship: In China, censorship is always a challenge, especially in the current state.
Be proactive to work effectively within the constraints.
The presenter is intended to share some experience and best practice based on a successful
joint institute between University of Cincinnati and Chongqing University. As the first coop based
program in China, the program continues to be a leading model in international engineering
Robert Ross brings to light ninety-eight foundational texts of Khoesan political thought and highlights the voices of the Khoesan people and their inspiring history of resistance in the face of colonial oppression.
This was the morning keynote for the 4th Annual UC Data Day Conference hosted by UC Libraries.
The keynote presenter was Amanda J. Wilson, Head, National Network Coordinating Office, National Library of Medicine, All of Us Research Program partner
Cincinnati has one of the lowest home ownership rates in the country for cities of comparable size. Several other cities with low rates of home ownership in 1970 have managed to increase their rates two to four percent over the past 25 years, but the home ownership rate in Cincinnati has been stable over that period at 38 percent.
The best explanation for Cincinnati’s low home ownership rate is that the topography of the city encouraged dense development involving multiple-unit structures up until World War II. When the highway programs of the post-war period opened up the suburbs to development, the city was already built-out and could not compete for new single-unit construction that the federal government was subsidizing on a massive scale.
In the last 50 years, the Hamilton County suburbs have gained 140,000 owners while the number of owners in the city has decreased by 1,000. As a result, the home ownership rate in the Cincinnati metropolitan area is greater than the national rate for areas of comparable size (63 percent versus 61 percent) while the rate in the city is far less than the national rate.
The City of Cincinnati faces a number of challenges in any effort to increase its home ownership rate. Government programs in other cities typically produce dozens of units a year, not the hundreds of units that Cincinnati needs to produce. In order to achieve even a modest increase in home ownership, the city will have to alter market forces in the direction of increased supply of housing suitable for owner-occupancy and increased demand for home ownership.
In order to increase its rate of home ownership to 41 percent by the year 2010, the City of Cincinnati needs to adopt a four-part strategy:
Increase the Supply of Units
The market cannot produce new units on its own. The city needs to assemble and prepare sites in order to reduce the additional costs associated with building in the city as opposed to the suburbs. City Hall must continue to eliminate barriers to development and provide new services to builders. Cincinnati will not be able to increase the number of middle-class owners without creating new neighborhood areas with the appropriate mix of amenities. At the lower end of the owner-market, the city needs to move aggressively to convert abandoned structures into units people will want to buy and rehabilitate.
Help Renters Become Owners
While converting renters to owners is an essential component of an overall strategy, the City of Cincinnati must recognize that not everyone can be an owner and target its resources appropriately. The city does not have unlimited funds to change the cost equation of owning a home and will, therefore, have to learn from other cities how to work with lending institutions to increase the flow of dollars under Community Reinvestment Act initiatives. Other cities have had some limited success with programs to convert people renting duplex and condo units into owners. The city needs to increase the availability, extent and quality of education and counseling programs.
Attract New Households to the City
The city has to market its neighborhoods, and in some cases, smaller areas within neighborhoods. This will require market research, training programs for Realtors, investments in street furniture, increased services, publications extolling city neighborhoods, and programs comparable to the Living in Cleveland program. The city needs to start working cooperatively with the Cincinnati Public Schools. Specific market niches in which the city can hope to compete very successfully include the empty nesters, the gay and lesbian community, first time buyers, and people interested in downtown living.
Maintain the Existing Pool of Owners
About 75 percent of the time a home owner in Cincinnati sells and buys another home in the Cincinnati area, the home purchased will be in the suburbs. The city must create opportunities for the home seller to move up without moving out of the city.
In addition to the above strategies, which involve the central city market, the City of Cincinnati needs to actively promote strategies that will help slow the rate of suburbanization and that will create low income housing opportunities in the suburbs. If suburbanization continues at the current rate, and if the city continues to be the governmental unit with de facto responsibility for low income housing, there is every reason to wonder if there is anything that the city can do to increase its rate of home ownership.