This "New and Improved Edition" was published in 1894 and copyrighted in 1892. The author is credited as Professor of Language and Literature in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and as the author of several other books. The text claims it is responding to teachers' need for work for pupils to do in illustration of what they have learned. The first section on invention covers sentence structure, forming paragraphs, analysis of subjects, and preparation of frameworks. The second section on qualities of style discusses perspicuity, imagery, energy, wit, pathos, and elegance. The third section on productions breaks up prose into oral (conversation, debates, sermons, etc.) and written (biographies, histories, fiction, letters, etc.). It also discusses poetry by focusing on mission, style, form, and kinds (satiric, epic, dramatic, etc.). Exercises include specific directions for altering or analyzing examples. Excerpts from the work of well known authors are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
No edition or printing information is given in the copy. The author has a Bachelor of Arts from Smith College. As indicated by the subtitle, the work is intended for secondary and college students. Includes topics historical, imaginative, argumentative and subsequent brief chapters on: plan, or analysis; elaboration of points; criticism of one's own work; form of finished composition; composition an essential factor in the study of rhetoric; and figures of speech. The work seems addressed more to the teacher of the students than the students themselves. It attempts to explain how to students should mentally approach the act of writing but its language suggests a teacher thinking about the student’s mental habits rather than the student working though his own thoughts.
1844 printing of the 1844 copyrighted text. The title page says the book is designed as a sequel to Progressive Exercises in English Composition. As with its predecessor, this text seeks to address two primary obstacles for student writers: obtaining ideas and expressing ideas. The author's approach to obtaining ideas is based on what he terms the principle of association. The exercises herein are not presented as a progressive course, but rather are meant to be selected by teachers as they deem useful. The material varies from sample sentences for punctuation practice, to models of the various kinds of compositions, to long lists of subjects for different kinds of compositions. There are seventy-five lessons in all. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
This 60th edition is a 1862 printing of the 1834? (date unreadable) copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric in Bowdoin College.
The author states that while instruction should be provided through familiar talking lectures, a textbook should contain a mere outline--some general principles plainly stated and well illustrated. The author provides five objectives: some acquaintance with the philosophy of rhetoric, cultivation of taste and the exercise of the imagination, skill in the use of language, skill in literary criticism, and the formation of a good style. The chapters are: on thought as the foundation of good writing, on taste, on literary taste, on skill in the use of language (verbal criticism, composition of sentences), and on style. These chapters are followed by a sections of exercises that correspond to each chapter. After the exercises the author provides a historical dissertation on English style. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1893 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the Leland Stanford Junior University. Designed to be a supplement to a more technical grammatical and rhetorical treatise, this text shows students how to find material and work that material into good, interesting compositions. Seventy-three exercises deal with particular kinds of composition, specimen subjects and themes are given with observations and suggestions for treatment, and models of various kinds of composition are provided (but these models are of student work or writing of a similar level of accomplishment). The work is divided into two parts. Part one, Composition Based on Experience and Observation, has sections on finding material, narration, description, and narration and description combined. Part two, Composition Based on Reading and Thought has sections on principles of composition, exposition, argumentation, persuasion, and miscellaneous forms (such as news, book reviews, letter, dialogue, as humor). John Genung's Rhetoric is listed as an influence. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1894 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. It is apparently identical to the Schultz Archive's 1893 printing, with the exception of a few pages of advertisements at the end. The author is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the Leland Stanford Junior University. Designed to be a supplement to a more technical grammatical and rhetorical treatise, this text shows students how to find material and work that material into good, interesting compositions. Seventy-three exercises deal with particular kinds of composition, specimen subjects and themes are given with observations and suggestions for treatment, and models of various kinds of composition are provided (but these models are of student work or writing of a similar level of accomplishment). The work is divided into two parts. Part one, Composition Based on Experience and Observation, has sections on finding material, narration, description, and narration and description combined. Part two, Composition Based on Reading and Thought has sections on principles of composition, exposition, argumentation, persuasion, and miscellaneous forms (such as news, book reviews, letter, dialogue, as humor). John Genung's Rhetoric is listed as an influence. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1894 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Ph.D. from Leipsic and as Professor of the English Language in Wesleyan University. The preface explains the book is the result of teaching composition in secondary schools and college and aims to give brief practical suggestions to young writers (and is not a guide to English criticism). It puts special emphasis on the choice and treatment of themes, and the author argues that the study of composition should be combined with the study of literature, as the best models of English prose provide a standard for students to measure their writing against. The book is in two sections: theory and practice. Theory chapters cover words, sententences, paragraphs, the theme, the plan, kinds of composition (description, narration, exposition, argument, persuasion), composition and revision, and style. Practice chapters cover words, sententences, paragraphs, the theme, the plan, kinds of composition (description, narration, exposition, argument, persuasion), studies in literature, and punctuation. Excerpts from celebrated writers are used as illustrative examples. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Fourth edition of the 1885 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts degree and as Professor of Rhetoric and the English Lanugage in the University of Pennsylvania, member of MLA, and author of a book on English etymology. The preface from the third edition (1889) explains the added Analysis, which is meant to help map the contents and aid the student in studying. The preface to the original edition explains the author has tried to properly balance principles of the art of rhetoric with their practical application, as well as treat both style and invention. The book is focused on the study of prose, but illustrative examples from poets and novelists are occasionally used. The introduction explains rhetoric and composition, laws of rhetoric, and kinds of discourse. The book's first part, Style, covers grammatical purity, elements of style, and qualities of style (significance, naturalness, pathos, humor, satire, harmony, etc.). The second part, Invention, covers the theme and the discussion (modes of discussion, definition, division, comparison and contrast, excitation). The preface also credits the influence of Henry Day. The Schultz Archive's copy is not the complete text. It includes the Analysis and selections from the Introduction and parts one and two.
No information on edition or printing is given on the copy. The author, Charles Sears Baldwin, is a Ph.D. and an instructor in rhetoric in Yale University. This manual for first term college students is divided into three parts: the composition as a whole, the paragraph, and the sentence. Intended to prepare and supplement writing knowledge before more special courses, Baldwin's college composition text is intended only to provide students with a structural system for composition. Baldwin advocates not writing strictly by rules; rather, he suggests a basic understanding of the principles of composition. In the introduction he states there are four kinds of writing: description, narration, persuasion, and exposition. This book focuses on applying its principles exclusively to exposition. It further advocates that its rules of construction be applied in the process of revision. It uses familiar terms such as unity, coherence, clearness, and emphasis. The Schultz Archive includes the text in its entirety, and the quality of the text is high.
1899 printing of the 1899 copyrighted work. Both authors are credited as Instructors in English at Vassar College. Buck has a Ph.D. from Michigan. Woodbridge has a Ph.D. from Yale. The preface emphasizes that students need a sense of a real audience for their writing as well as a subject they're interested in. The prefaces says the work includes few explicit directions on sentences and paragraphs. It offers Scott and Denney's Composition-Rhetoric as a guide for those. The work is organized in four chapters: the basis of exposition, the process of description, description in its relation to exposition, and definition in its relation to exposition. The text itself is quite discursive, providing lengthy discussions of the writing processes with analyzed examples. The lessons posit different subjects, writing situations, or audiences, while also usually asking students to observe and comment upon examples by distinguished authors that treat similar situations, subjects, audience, etc. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
1855 printing of the 1854 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Associate Principal of the Collegiate School in New York, and as the author of First Lessons in Composition. Based on the same plan as the author's book for younger students, First Lessons in Composition, this text is meant for students in colleges and higher academies. The preface boasts its merits are its clearness and simplicity, its variety of subjects and their connections, and the practicality of its exercises. The sections cover the history of the English language; punctuation; rhetoric--with sections on taste, the imagination, the sublime, the beautiful, wit, humor, figurative language, varieties of style, and criticism; prose composition--with sections on invention, amplification, metaphorical language, climax and anithesis, paraphrasing, description, narration, letters, fiction, orations, etc; and poetical composition. Collection of rules and exercises, beginning with history of English language and punctuation until building up to poetry. It credits the influence of Blair, Burke, and Alison. Illustrative textual examples are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Text copyrighted 1897 and 1898. The author is credited as Professor of English at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The book is dedicated to Barrett Wendell. This textbook was designed for the first term of freshman composition at MIT, which is designed around weekly theme writing with instructor feedback. The sections of the book are: The Whole Composition (subject and title, unity, coherence, emphasis), The Paragraph (unity, coherence, emphasis), The Sentence (unity, coherence, emphasis), and Words (general and specific, conclusions). The first three sections each have a summary section at their ends. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1809 printing. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Principal of Baltimore College. This text is written in a question and answer form for the benefit of both students and instructors. Rhetoric is defined to be the quintessence of all that is excellent in Belle Lettre and classical and literary composition. The topics covered include taste, criticism, genius, sublimity, beauty, novelty, imitation, style, sentence structure, harmony, figurative language, kinds of poetry, characters of prose, classical argument, and Stirling's definitions of tropes and figures of rhetoric. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1826 printing of the fourth edition. Introduction dated 1818. The author is credited with a Doctor of Laws of English degree. A rhetoric encouraging simplicity over deceitful ornamentation, the taming of youthful feeling, and the improvement of taste. It has seven sections. The first treats the origin an structure of language and its relation to the operation of the mental faculties. The second treats the principles of general grammar, as classified by philosophical grammarians, focusing on purity. The third part focuses on sentence structure, and the qualities of unity and strength, referencing Campbell and Blair. The fourth part is on rhetorical figures and uses illustrative examples. The fifth section is on taste, referencing Blair, Lord Kames, and Alison. The sixth part is on characters of style, such as diffuse, concise, dry, plain, neat, elegant, affected, vehement, etc., as well genres such as historical writing, memoirs, philosophical, dialogue, "epistolatory." The seventh section is on poetry. The rules of the text number over 600. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text, although some of the copied pages are a little difficult to read.
New edition copyrighted 1884 of the 1878 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Doctor of Laws of English, as the President of the University of Lewisburg, and as author of The Science of Rhetoric. A compendium of rules for guidance in the art of writing. The prefaces argues that learners should first be assisted in finding a subject of thought, and then be shown how to accumlate, arrange, and express the ideas connected with the theme. Chapter one, Invention, contains sections on choice of subject, accumulation of materials, and arrangement of materials. Chapter two, Style, contains sections on diction (purity propriety, precision), sentences (concord, clearness, unity, energy, harmony), paragraphs, figures, and variation of expression. Chapter three, Punctuation and Capitals, covers grammatical points, rhetorical points, printer's marks, capital letters, and the correction of proofs. Chapter four, Criticism, covers taste and pleasure of taste. Chapter five, Special Forms of Composition, covers descriptions, narratives, letters, orations, and poems. The exercises includes sections for the first three chapters. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1880 printing of the 1878 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory in Harvard College. This treatise defines rhetoric as the art of efficient communication by language, communication implying both a speaker or writer and the audience. Part one, Composition in General, discusses and illustrates the general principles of written or spoken discourse. Its sections are: grammatical purity (including good use, barbarisms, solecisms, and improprieties), choice and use of words (including clearness, force, elegance, number of words, and arrangement of words). Part two, Kinds of Composition, covers principles of narrative and argumentative composition. The appendix cover rules of punctuation. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1899 printing of the 1899 copyrighted text. Herrick is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the University of Chicago. Damon is credited as Instructor in English in the University of Chicago. Preface argues students should first be encouraged to write freely and taught habits of thought and invention before subjecting them to criticism. Part one is meant for a first year course with this approach in mind. Parts two thru four are intended for a second year course to systematically drill the students in the principles of rhetoric. Part five may be included in the second year or later. The chapters in part one, preliminary work: composition--oral and written, what to write about, development of subjects, dividing subjects into paragraphs, building sentences, a review of punctuation, how to increase vocabulary, letters. Part two, usage: good use defined, standards of good use, barbarisms, improprieties, idiom and translation, grammar--good use in the sentence. Part three, diction: wordiness, right choice of words. Part four, rhetorical laws of the sentence and paragraph: clearness in sentences--unity, clearness in sentences--coherence, force in sentences, single paragraphs. Part five, whole composition: structure, summaries, original composition--literary laws, descriptive and narrative writing, expository and argumentative writing. The authors include a section of examples of "bad English" to teach correct usage, although they acknowledge this is controversial and suggest it may be omitted. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1875 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor in Davidson College. In this rhetoric principles and rules are stated briefly and any overlap with other subjects, such as psychology, logic, and aesthetics, is avoided. The introduction covers definition, aim and method of study, distribution, of rhetoric. Part one covers the processes of discourse: subject of a discourse, invention, disposition, amplification. Part two covers style: qualities of prose style, choice of words, figures of speech, the sentence, the paragraph, division of style (higher, lower, middle). Part three covers the elementary forms of discourse: description, narration, exposition, argument. Part four covers principal forms of prose: dialogue and epistolary, didactic prose, historical prose, oratorical prose. The author credits the influence of Lectures on the English Language by Hon. Geo. P. Marsh, Theories of Style by J. K. F. Rinne, German Style by Karl Becker, and Homletics by Vinet. The Schultz Archive copy cuts off on page 231, missing pages 232 through at least 279 (according to the ToC).
1869 printing of the 1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a Doctor of Divinity, a Doctor of the Laws of English, and the President of the University of Michigan. Based on the experiences of the author's teaching, this text in an orderly presentation of the theory of the science and art of rhetoric with illustrations and directions on how to profit from it. Includes examples for imitation and disapproval from modern and ancient, obscure and celebrated authors. Divided into five parts: words and the material of expression, figures of speech and thought, composition and style, invention, and elocution. Part one includes sections on how to acquire the knowledge of words and how to obtain a good vocabulary. Part two includes sections on dialogue, vision, and wit. Part three includes sections on taste and different genres (epistolary, historical, fiction). Part four includes sections on description, narration, abstract subjects, and discussions. Part five includes a section on the intellectual and moral elements of elocution. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete text.
1891 printing to the 1891 text. The author is credited as a Doctor of Laws in English, and as Late Professor of Rhetoric and of the English Language and Literature in the College of New Jersey, as the former principal of the New Jersey State Normal School, and as the author of a series of textbooks. A composition textbook designed for use by students with examples for practice. Part one (style) chapters cover punctuation, diction, purity, propriety, precision, kinds of sentences, rules for construction of sentences, figures of speech, special properties (sublimity, beauty, wit, humor), versification, poetry, prose (letters, diaries, news, editorials, history, etc.). Part two (invention) covers objects, transactions, abstract subjects, imaginary subjects, personal narratives, and descriptions. A chapter on proof-reading includes system of notation for correcting student writing. In addition to exercises, includes illustrative examples from celebrated writers. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1894 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric in Amherst College and as the author of two other texts on rhetoric. The preface explains that the book is meant to provide the necessary rhetorical theory and to accompany every step with critical and constructive written exercises in a progressive and systematic order. The theory is given as a list of rules, each accompanied by a paragraph of explanation and illustrative examples (the rules are positive expressions of principle rather than a series of don'ts). The exercises are novel according to the author and are based in groups of rules rather than individual ones, and they include compositions (on familiar topics) to be rewritten and sentences to be amended in a creative, problem-solving manner rather than corrective. The appendix has a digest of rules and a glossary of words and forms. The book is organized into two parts. Part One is Mastery of Materials and includes chapters on choice of words, phraseology, and special objects in style. Part Two is Organization of Materials and includes chapters on the sentence, the paragraph, and the whole composition. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1915 copyrighted text. Genung is credited as the author of Outlines of Rhetoric, etc. Hanson is credited as the author of Two Years' Course in English Composition. The preface boasts a motto of "a minimum of theory and a maximum of the kind of practice that brings good results." The book is organized into three parts: elementary work, on how to approach any subject; rhetorical effectiveness, on style, figures of speech, and sentence and paragraph structure; kinds of composition, on different kinds of correspondence, and the modes of narration, description, exposition, and with a considerable emphasis on argument. Models of good writing are meant to be approachable ideals, exercises are used throughout and based on the practices of known writers, and oral composition is given attention as a step in the composing process.The Schultz Archive's copy is incomplete: It contains up to page 40, and roughly 192 to 353, and appendix II, pages 360 - 365.
1890 printing of the 1886 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric in Amherst College. The book's preface emphasizes the practical, being those elements that may be applied to the construction of literature and can be taught. It must be taught as mechanism and through its effects in the concrete. The introduction further explains that rhetoric is adaptation, a science and an art, and that the text will deal with it in two main topics: style, which deals with the expression of discourse, and invention, which deals with the thought. The style section of the book has chapters on diction, figures of speech, and composition. The invention section has chapters on mental aptitudes and habits, general processes in the ordering of material, reproduction of the thought of others, invention deal with observed objects (description), invention dealing with events (narration), invention dealing with generalizations (exposition), invention dealing with truths (argumentation), and invention dealing with practical issues (persuasion). The introduction credits the influence of Campbell. The rules are accompanied with illustrative examples from notable writers. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text. A few pages cut off the edges of the text.
1895 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. Fletcher is credited as Instructor of English at Harvard College and Carpenter is credited as Professor of Rhetoric and English Composition in Columbia College. A series of lectures delivered to the Freshman class at Harvard (by Fletcher) in the spring of 1893. It purports to be a study of the different kinds of composition and their treatment of a variety of subject matter. The kinds considered are letter-writing, translation, description, narration, criticism, exposition, argument, and persuasion. The main principle (called relativity) is that compositions should be judged by their effectiveness for the purpose at hand. The purpose is defined by the object in view, the individuality of the writer, and the capacity of the reader. The lectures are accompanied with examples and exercises for students. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1850 printing of the 1850 copyrighted text. This text professes to elevate invention to the first rank in rhetorical instruction. It credits Whately as the only other recent author not to excluded invention, but states that he does so more narrowly than this work shall do. Secondly, it attempts to reduce of the principles of rhetoric to a more exact system,. The art of rhetoric is philosophically distinguishable from logic, grammar, aesthetics, poetry, and elocution, and it is not limited, as it is in Whately, to argumentation. Day argues that explanation and persuasion are large parts of rhetoric and distinguishable from argumentation. and the treatment of rhetoric as an art rather than a science. Thirdly, an emphasis on the practice of rhetoric as an art, and not merely a science, has resulted in the prescription of numerous exercises, and the inclusion of an appendix of themes for composition. The preface credits the influence of German writers Schott, Hoffmann, Richter, Eschenburg, Theremin, and Becker. The text it is divided into two parts: invention and style. Invention is further divided into explanation, confirmation, excitation, and persuasion. Style is divided into absolute properties, subjective properties, and objective properties. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1876 printing of the 1876 copyrighted text. Original edition copyrighted 1860. The text is based on the idea that thought is the foundation of discourse and comes before considerations of form or style. This text is for less advanced pupils than the author's Elements of the Art of Rhetoric, and as such, includes summary statements of its principles. The revised edition has added a praxis of choice of words and their use in sentence-construction (to address students' troubles with grammar). It has also been changed to coincide with changes to the author's rhetoric elaborated in his The Art of Discourse. Part One, Invention, includes chapters on narration, description, division, partition, and confirmation. Part Two, Style, includes chapters on oral, suggestive, grammatical, subjective, and objective properties. Exercises appear throughout. The appendix includes over five hundred themes. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1867 printing of the 1867 copyrighted work: a reconstruction of Elements of the Art of Rhetoric (1850). The author is credited as the author of books on logic, grammar, composition, and rhetorical praxis. The preface states Elements of the Art of Rhetoric was distinct for elevating invention to the first rank in rhetorical instruction, reduction of the principles of rhetoric to a more exact system, and the treatment of rhetoric as an art rather than a science. This text made changes to make stronger relations between rhetoric and logic and aesthetics, fuller develop the processes of explanation, and the more exact classification of style. A treatise and textbook on rhetoric, it is divided into two parts: invention and style. Invention is further divided into explanation, confirmation, excitation, and persuasion. Style is divided into absolute properties, subjective properties, and objective properties. Discourse is discussed as oratory, epistolary composition, poetry, representative discourse, judicial, deliberative and sacred. Exercises are used throughout. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
No printing date given. 1886 copyright. The author is credited as Reverend Charles Coppens, Society of Jesus, and author of The Art of Oratorical Composition. A textbook on rhetoric and poetry. Book I: Elements of Composition covers object-lessons, words, sentences, combination and punctuation of sentences. Book II covers ornamentation, such as tropes and figures. Book III covers style in literary composition. Book IV covers genres of prose: imitation, epistles, narration, description, essays, dialogues, novels, history. Book V covers versification. Book IV covers nature and varieties of poetry. Illustrative examples and exercises appear throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy only has the first 251 pages of the text, which covers Book I thru IV.
1859 printing of 1859 copyrighted work. The author is credited as Professor of English Literature in the University of Pennsylvania, Late Principal-Assistant Professor of "Ethics and English Studies" in the United States Military Academy at West Point. A textbook designed to be a complete overview of rhetoric, putting an emphasis the application of rhetorical philosophy to the practice of writing. The author credits the influence of Whately, Campbell, and Aristotle. The text discusses the history of rhetoric, Campbell's four divisions, the relations of rhetoric to aesthetics, division of poetry, oratorical discourses, other genres (history, biography, fiction, epistles), invention, argument, persuasion, arrangement, style, and qualities of style. The author uses illustrative examples from the bible and from modern English and American writers. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
1897 printing (the sixth edition, revised and enlarged) of the 1891 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric and English Composition in Columbia College (University?); formerly Associate Professor of English in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Carpenter claims that the exigency of his text is the fact that most students learn more easily from the comments the instructor makes because her/his examples are familiar to the student and s/he uses literature that is more relevant to the students than what is usually found in texts. Each section contains a fairly detailed exercise that includes explanations, examples and systematic exercises for the students. The exercises often emphasize correcting errors. The chapters cover words, sentences, paragraphs, whole compositions, qualities of style (clearness, force, elegance). Barrett Wendell is credited as a primary influence. Wendell, McElroy, A. S. Hill, David Salmon, and Genung are referenced. The Schultz Archive only includes brief excerpts, but they are good quality.
1900 printing of the 1899 copyrighted text. William B. Cairns is credited as having a Ph.D. and as Instructor in English in the University of Wisconsin. A thorough guide that divides its focus on style and invention. Cairns's text seeks to teach rhetoric in a familiar way without introducing new terms or definitions. He argues principles are dependent on usage and that style and invention should be treated together. Style and invention have independent sections, but each contain cross references to the other. Long illustrative texts are used rather than scattered short ones and appear at the end of chapters. Part one, style, has two chapters: Language determined by usage, and language adapted to the Needs of the reader. The first covers spelling, grammar, and word usage. Chapter two covers qualities of style (clearness, force, ease, unity) and a section of qualities expressed in full sentences. Part 2, invention, has chapters on narration, description, exposition, argumentation, and persuasion. The prefaces credits Genung and A. S. Hill as influences.The Schultz Archive includes the complete text, and the scans are fairly good quality.
1887 printing of the enlarged edition of the first part of Bain's English Composition and Rhetoric. Alexander Bain is a Doctor of Laws of English and Emeritus Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen.The first part, Intellectual Elements of Style (included here), is focused on "Elements of Style that concern the understanding." The second part is about the "emotional qualities." This "re-modeling" is designed to narrow the scope and devote more attention to certain portions chosen for their utility. Its topics are order of words; number of words; the sentence; the paragraph; figures of speech; and the qualities of style: clearness, simplicity, impressiveness, and picturesqueness. Bain states that these topics are expounded, exemplified, and applied to the arts of criticism and composition. Bain has somewhat reordered the contents that was previously sectioned under the kinds of composition (description, narration, exposition, oratory). The Schultz Archive copy is the complete text of part first of the enlarged edition.