Text copyrighted 1897 and 1898. The author is credited as Professor of English at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The book is dedicated to Barrett Wendell. This textbook was designed for the first term of freshman composition at MIT, which is designed around weekly theme writing with instructor feedback. The sections of the book are: The Whole Composition (subject and title, unity, coherence, emphasis), The Paragraph (unity, coherence, emphasis), The Sentence (unity, coherence, emphasis), and Words (general and specific, conclusions). The first three sections each have a summary section at their ends. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1844 printing of the 1844 copyrighted text. The title page says the book is designed as a sequel to Progressive Exercises in English Composition. As with its predecessor, this text seeks to address two primary obstacles for student writers: obtaining ideas and expressing ideas. The author's approach to obtaining ideas is based on what he terms the principle of association. The exercises herein are not presented as a progressive course, but rather are meant to be selected by teachers as they deem useful. The material varies from sample sentences for punctuation practice, to models of the various kinds of compositions, to long lists of subjects for different kinds of compositions. There are seventy-five lessons in all. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Third edition. 1873 printing. No copyright page. Reverend C. Mayo is credited as author of part one, "A Lecture of the Life of Pestalozzi." He is credited with a Doctor of Laws of English and as Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford. Elizabeth Mayo is credited as the author of part two, "Pestalozzi and His Principles," although she quotes extensively from a lecture by Rev. Dr. Mayo given in 1826. Robert Dunning is credited "with notes, original and selected" for both parts. He is also credited as Lecturer on School Management, Home and Colonial Training College. The Schultz Archive's copy only includes the title pages of parts one and two and pages 156 thru 239 of the text.
A handwritten note dates the printing to 1877. The text is copyrighted 1864. The author is credited with a Master of Arts and an M.D., as well as being the author of two books on grammar. The preface states the work is designed to concise and comprehensive, while also stating that the study of composition should begin at a very early age. The chapters cover spelling; capitals; punctuation; words and phrases; sentences; different kinds of composition (narration, description, letter-writing, and essays); figurative language; a review of capitals, punctuation, and style; and themes. Exercises involve fill in the blanks, correcting errors, classifying, adding punctuation, and answering review questions. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Text copyrighted 1882. The author is credited with a Master of Arts and as Superintendent of Schools in Aurora, IL. Based on years of classroom experience training children to talk, this text aims to guide the young learner in the correct use of language at the time when he is acquiring a vocabulary and forming habits of speech. The preface states that exercises such as sentence building, filling a blank, parsing, analysis, and correcting errors are not very helpful in correcting habits of speech. Corrects habits are obtained by the exercise of expression wholly one's own. This text aims to teach the form taught through those former means through the practice of original expression. Exercises are meant to be practiced orally before being written. Numerous pictorial illustrations appear throughout, and illustrative excerpts from well known writers of poetry and prose and used as well. The Schultz Archive's copy ends on page 239. It is unclear if this is the last page of the text.
1851 printing of the 1851 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts and as Rector of the Henry-Street Grammar School in New York. The text was designed to fill a gap in composition textbooks for students ages 9 to 12. The first fifty pages use inductive lessons with exercises to familiarize students with the nature and use of the different parts of speech so they can recognize them and supply them when given incomplete sentences. Following this the text offers a more difficult treatise on grammar with different kinds of clauses and sentences, preparing the students for the rules of punctuation. Next are capitals and spelling. Then students are ready to express themselves in their own language, prompted with suggestive words to write sentences of every kind. Style is then taught with the properties of purity, propriety, precision, clearness, strength, harmony, and unity with examples for correction. Students are also taught different kinds of composition, such as letters, descriptions, narrations, biographical sketches, essays, and arguments, and three main figures of speech. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1876 printing of the 1876 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Doctor of Laws of English degree and as the author of other texts on composition and grammar. A collection of lessons that teaches the art of expression through oral and written inductive exercises rather than the old method of grammar teaching that relies on verbal parsing. Object-lessons are a substantial part of the text, and pictorial illustrations have been crafted to aid in the object-treatment of subjects. Ninety lessons appear in the text, covering subjects such as sentences, capital, periods; sentences expressing questions; letters and their sounds--syllables; use of possessive forms; comparatives and superlatives; the use of adverbs; analysis of sentences; punctuation; violations of unity; letter writing; exercise in criticising; oral discussion of subjects; and exercises in narration. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1855 printing of the 1854 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Associate Principal of the Collegiate School in New York, and as the author of First Lessons in Composition. Based on the same plan as the author's book for younger students, First Lessons in Composition, this text is meant for students in colleges and higher academies. The preface boasts its merits are its clearness and simplicity, its variety of subjects and their connections, and the practicality of its exercises. The sections cover the history of the English language; punctuation; rhetoric--with sections on taste, the imagination, the sublime, the beautiful, wit, humor, figurative language, varieties of style, and criticism; prose composition--with sections on invention, amplification, metaphorical language, climax and anithesis, paraphrasing, description, narration, letters, fiction, orations, etc; and poetical composition. Collection of rules and exercises, beginning with history of English language and punctuation until building up to poetry. It credits the influence of Blair, Burke, and Alison. Illustrative textual examples are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1895 printing of the 1895 copyrighted text. Reed is credited with a Master of Arts degree. Kellogg is credited with a Doctor of Laws of English degree. Together they are credited as the authors of two other texts of English lessons. A complete, consecutive, and carefully graded series of inductive lessons in composition-writing, emphasizing habits of close, logical observation and the discipline of taste. Subjects covered include capitals, abbreviations, punctuation; noun and verb agreement; possessive and explanatory modifiers; the complex sentence; noun clause--construction; construction of pronouns; construction of gender-forms; qualities of style; versification; letter writing; and conjugation. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text, but even numbered pages are cut off on the edge of one side, making some of them difficult to fully decipher. End of binding features excerpt from Word-Building with Roots, or Stems, and Prefixes and Suffixes.