1892 printing of 1892 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a Ph.D and as Professor in the School of Pedagogy, University of the City of New York. The introduction breaks the text down into punctuation, reproductions, inventions, short papers, letter-writing, and essay writing from outlines. Copying is recommended for exercises, the reproductions are to be rewritten from memory, the inventions take the form of interrupted stories. The chapters are punctuation, variety of expression, variety of sentence-form, paraphrase and abstract, essentials of sentence structure, figurative language, letter-writing, diction, essay-writing, common errors, and capitals. The appendices cover rules for punctuation, marks used in correcting compositions, additional material for compositions, and brief biographical notes. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1855 printing of 1846 copyrighted text. Preface states that while philosophers have studied the senses, few know about the organization of the human voice. Lessons for Dictation and Grammatical Analysis are interesting reading lessons. Exercises in the elements of pronunciation and subject for composition give the orthography of over 10,000 of the most important words in the English language. The Analysis and Classification of the Alphabet has been newly arranged according to the organic construction of the English language. The whole book is intended to be written and studied by the pupil after the dictation and oral explanation by the teacher. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, the index, and pages 48 – 49.
1863 printing of 1863 copyrighted text. Author is credited as Superintendent of Public Schools, Oswego, NY, and as author of several texts. An American edition of a text that was in its 14th edition in London in 1855. The first three steps are designed for the first three years of school, the fourth and fifth steps are for students 10 to 14 years old. The object of the lessons is to cultivate the senses, awaken and quicken observation, and to teach the use of the full range of senses. Includes preface by Elizabeth Mayo. Contents is divided into sections based on complexity of object, including sections on metals, natural history, vegetables, textiles, minerals, and manufactured articles. It also includes a list of vocabulary. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 407 page text.
This "New and Improved Edition" was published in 1894 and copyrighted in 1892. The author is credited as Professor of Language and Literature in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and as the author of several other books. The text claims it is responding to teachers' need for work for pupils to do in illustration of what they have learned. The first section on invention covers sentence structure, forming paragraphs, analysis of subjects, and preparation of frameworks. The second section on qualities of style discusses perspicuity, imagery, energy, wit, pathos, and elegance. The third section on productions breaks up prose into oral (conversation, debates, sermons, etc.) and written (biographies, histories, fiction, letters, etc.). It also discusses poetry by focusing on mission, style, form, and kinds (satiric, epic, dramatic, etc.). Exercises include specific directions for altering or analyzing examples. Excerpts from the work of well known authors are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
University of Wisconsin Bureau of Educational Research Bulletin, Number 14, August 1933. The author is credited as Assistant Professor in the Teaching of English, University of Wisconsin. A similar work to Sterling A. Leonard's The Doctrine of Correctness in English Usage, 1700-1800 but for the 20th century. The chapters include: general introduction, theories of correctness in the nineteenth century, current theories of correctness, prescriptive grammar, prescriptive syntax, prescriptive usage, and recommendations for the writing of textbooks in English. The study purports to show the confusion between grammar purists and grammar liberalists and the unfortunate influence this confusion has had on the teaching of English. It also seeks to trace the origin and development of traditional rules and statements regarding usage and to show that these contrast with the facts of past and present usage. The study analyzes 16 textbooks in grammar and composition. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 172 page text.
1842 printing of 1842 copyrighted text. The second part is for grammar schools, while the first part is for preparatory schools (and includes illustrative engravings).The text rejects the old system of grammar of Murray. It claims to be a proper conservative grammar written for those English speakers who will not study other languages, addressed to the understanding and not the memory. It covers classes of English words (with tables of examples), rules for sentence construction, analysis and parsing, rules of syntax, and includes review questions Includes practical exercises to illustrate every principle and is arranged to explain the differences between its system and the old system. Credits the influence of Wallis, Harris, Horne Tooke, Gilchrist, and Crombie. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the entire text of the second part.
Author's Ph.D. thesis at Cornell. Author's vita describes her education and teaching experience, including her experience as supervisor of practice teaching in English at the Ithaca High School. Introduction begins by claiming the unpopularity of composition among students, and by stating the study doesn't make a contribution to methods of composition teaching, but seeks to add a page to the history of American education. It addresses: when and where English composition first taught in American secondary schools, the rapidity of its introduction, when it became recognized as part of the curriculum, and methods used from 1750 to 1900. The chapters are: lack of composition teaching before 1750, the introduction of composition, the extension of composition teaching, 1820–1900, the influence of college entrance requirements on composition teaching, the development of method in composition teaching, and the conclusion. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
This second edition is dated 1829. The author is credited on the cover as a teacher. This texts uses a system of mnemonics to teach children the useful science of grammar. It has mothers and young instructresses in mind, who are untrained and therefore unlikely to teach it without a simple method. Chapters have a section to be read, a recapitulation lesson section to be memorized, and a practice section founded on scripture to provide moral instruction. The work also has wood-cut illustrations. The Schultz Archive's copy of this text is incomplete. It is missing numerous pages, but it does have a sample of pages from throughout the text. Attached is the text of a similar work of similar inspiration (it acknowledges sharing the same wood-cut illustrations), published in 1832 in New York: The Infant School Grammar Consisting of Elementary Lessons in the Analytical Method; illustrated by Sensible Objects and Actions.
1895 printing. Brown in the author of the annotations to this correlation of studies in elementary education. The committee members include William T. Harris (as the chairman), the United States Commissioner of Education; and superintendents from such localities as Kansas City, MO; Saint Paul, MN; Cleveland, OH; and Brooklyn, NY. The main sections are: correlation of studies; the course of study—educational values; the school program; methods and organization; and statements of dissent from some of the committee members. There is also an appendix titled: The Old Psychology vs. The New. Some of the topics covered in the first section are: logical order of topics and branches, symmetrical whole of studies in the world of human learning, psychological symmetry—the whole mind, correlations of pupil's course of study with the world in which he lives—his spiritual and natural environment. The annotations reflect on and evaluate the contents of the report. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1897 copyrighted text. The preface states the work was written to be concise, using simple, untechnical language, for the purpose of practical teaching. Fill-in-the-blank exercises are used, as well as simple exercises in composition. The subjects of the exercises relate to the students' studies. The book includes selections from the writings of Holmes, Longfellow, Franklin, Warner, Scudder, Burroughs, Frank Dempster Sherman, Alice Cary, Stevenson, and Tarbell. The chapters cover the sentence, parts of speech (in several different sections), inflection, elements of the sentence, and classification of the sentence (which includes parts on letter writing). The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, and a selection of pages containing the composition exercises.
1896 printing of 1896 copyrighted work. Part of the International Education Series. The author is credited with both a Ph.D. and an LL.D., as Professor of the Science and the Art of Teaching in the University of Michigan, and as the author of several books of diverse subject matter. W. T. Harris writes the editor's preface: A collection of thoughts on language, influences include Aristotle and Quintilian and Spencer and Lowell, covering its use, its growth, the study of its mechanics, its grammatical and logical structures, the order of mastering its use in speaking, reading, and writing. The discussion covers primary, grammar, high school, and college instruction. Chapters IV, V, and VI relay facts drawn from child study. Chapters VII, VIII, IX, X, and XIII discuss the higher function of literature. Chapter VIII discusses the use of paraphrasing to aid comprehension. The author's preface speaks back to the Harvard Committee's reports on students' writing skills. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1901 printing of the 1901 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a B.A. and as Professor of English in the Michigan State Normal College in Ypsilanti, Michigan. Argues for the importance of historical study for scholarship in the grammar of modern English. Based in the study of English grammars over a span of two hundred years. Recommends the work of O. F. Emerson, A. C. Champneys, and Lounsbury. Strives to move away from grammar instruction based on memorization to instruction based on induction. Includes "test questions" at the end of each lecture. The four lectures: History of English Grammar Teaching, Descriptive Grammar and Scientific Grammar, Purpose and Method, False Syntax. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
This first New York edition was printed in 1867 and copyrighted in 1866. Based on lectures given by the author at the Teachers' Institutes at the invitation of the Secretary of the Board of Education of Massachusetts in 1845 and 1846. The contents include many education topics from arithmetic to geography to music to discipline. The Schultz Archive's copy includes only three chapters: the uses and abuses of memory, English grammar, and composition. The author's lecture of grammar seems to draw mostly on the work of Murrary, Crombie, Wallis, and Priestley. The composition chapter is brief and mostly covers the teaching of punctuation.
Text copyrighted 1900 and 1910. Author is credited as Principal of the Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama. A text on the history of the education of black Americans that begins by relating the progress of black Americans with President McKinley's words on the evolution of the country. Sections cover development of popular education, education of negroes before 1860, public school education in the south after the war, ground work education in the south, bequests for southern education, present educational status. Includes 8 statistical tables. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 44 page text.
1899 copyrighted text. Hailmann is credited as Superintendent of Schools, Dayton, Ohio. Butler is credited as Professor of Philosophy and Education in Columbia University, New York. Title page states this Department of Education text is for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900. Introduction describes history of white and Indian engagement as driven by both greed and Christian philanthropy (on the part of whites). The report goes on to cover the prior work in Indian education by Reverend John Eliot, Reverend John Sergeant, and Reverend Eleazer Wheelock. Other sections of the introduction cover persistence of spirit of work, shortcomings, period of inaction, resumption of work, decay of missionary effort, and present organization (which covers reservation and non-reservation boarding schools, industrial training schools, Haskell institue, Carlisle, contract schools, and supervision). It ends with a conclusion and outlook section that includes a section on schools of Indian territory. Finally, it features eight tables of statistics related to the attendance and cost of various Indian schools. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the full report of thirty-six pages.
1872 copyrighted text. Published by the Journal of Education. The author is credited as Superintendent Public Schools, St. Louis. This text read at the National Teachers' Association, held at Cleveland, Aug. 19, 1870. Written in two chapters: Ch. I—Education in the Past; Ch. II—The Present and Future of Education. The text covers the history of printing, textbooks, circulation, and pedagogy. It includes sections on nature vs. human nature, the realm of mind, the function of education, Rousseau, Pestalozzi, oral vs. textbook instruction, and the spirit of the age. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete text.
1899 copyrighted text. Title page states this Department of Education text is for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900. The author is credited as President of Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. A study of higher education of women in the United States based on the past thirty years which finds that women's education is primarily to train mental faculties and only secondarily to provide professional or special education to equip women to be self-supporting. Includes sections on coeducation, independent colleges for women, professional education (including graduate instruction), occupations of college women, coeducation versus separate education, and curriculum. Graphs and tables are included to illustrate statistics. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 40 page text.
1881 printing of 1880 copyrighted text. This history of the Boston Public Latin School (the oldest educational institution in the country) was written for the Harvard Register. The book is based on manuscripts by early pupils, as well as Gould's article on the Latin School; Dr. Dimmock's Memorial Address on Dr. Gardner,;manuscript reports to the Boston Latin-School Association, mostly from Rev. Dr. Hale; John T. Hassam's Memoir of Ezekiel Cheever; and editorial articles in the Boston papers. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the full 24 pages of text.
1848 printing of 1847 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a reverend with a Master of Arts degree; as Principal of the classical and Mathematical Institute, Newburgh; and as the author of Something for Every Body. Chapters: the artist; the science, or the end of teaching; the tools and instruments; arranging and managing the material; schools, in their kinds, sorts, and varieties; common schools; persons most suitable for teachers; to the young. The Schultz Archive copy contains the TOC, the first page of the preface, and the text of chapter 3: tools and instruments.
1904 printing of the 1904 and 1899 copyrighted text.The author is credited as President of the University of Illinois. The text covers the history of organized systems of education in the United States. It begins by discussing the role of English and Dutch settlers on the educational culture and values of the people of the United States and it precedes to look at the different levels of organization based on levels of government and administration from school districts to townships to counties to states and the national level. It includes private education and colleges and universities. It uses statistics from the United States bureau of education. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1883 printing of 1883 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of Language and Literature in the Hoboken (N.J.) Academy. Text in response to criticism of language study in schools, and based on the idea that to obtain a practical knowledge of English one need only study the best, most idiomatic English writers, such as William Corbett. Text is an account of Corbett's life with one of his best productions, Corbett's English Grammar. The work aims to show what Corbett was as a man and a writer, to show how a writer acquired his power of expression. The Schultz Archive copy contains the editor's preface, the author's preface, a page of the TOC, and pages 218 – 223, on how Corbett taught grammar.
1837 printing of 1836 copyrighted text. Part of the Parley's Series of Readers. Sixty-nine chapters on objects, animals, children and moral instruction written as stories (sometimes in verse). Stories are written as numbered paragraphs. Vocabulary words are defined at the bottom of pages. Illustrations accompany many of the chapters. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1847 printing of 1842 copyrighted text. Author is credited as the author of the pictorial spelling book, pictorial primer, etc. Includes a recommendation of the Ward School Teachers' Association of the City of New York for a set of three books by the author. Preface states there are three objects of importance: to make the lessons pleasing, instructive, and moral. The work contains original and selected lessons (readings) on familiar subjects adapted to their level of comprehension. Engravings illustrate many lessons. Moral principles are taught through binaries such as good and evil, kindness and cruelty, and truth and falsehood. Schultz Archive copy is roughly the entire text. TOC is at the end and is partially cut off.
1832 printing of 1832 copyrighted text. Possibly an American edition of an Irish text. Preface (dated 1831) states the author believes a book of this grade is still needed and the text is based on the author's experience as a teacher. The text contains simple and interesting lessons consisting of short and easy words. The 70 lessons are all narratives and poems with numbered paragraphs. Many include a moral lessons, sometimes presented with questions. There are some pictorial illustrations as well. Author credits the influence of the Juvenile Miscellany. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete 83 page text.
1805 printing of third edition improved. Author is credited as the author of English Grammar, Adapted to the Different Classes of Learners. The contents of the text, except the exercises, were all published in the author's English Spelling Book. The introduction states this book is calculated to assist mother's instruction of their young children. The exercises are called the child's parsing. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 51 page text.
1847 copyrighted text. Text strives for simplicity and attractiveness. Covers the alphabet, syllables in simple words, simple sentences, familiar words for spelling, and reading lessons with spelling exercises. Detailed engravings and rhyming verse appear throughout. Topics include sports, animals, and stories. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly fifty pages from the book, but is, perhaps, incomplete.
1810 printing of the third edition, copyright roughly 1807. A New Classical Selection of Letters; Interspersed with Some Original Productions on Business, Duty, Friendship, Love, Marriage, etc. with Miscellaneous Piece, in Prose and Verse; Petitions on Various Subjects, Complimentary Cards, Forms in Law, and the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America. Schultz Archive copy includes TOC, introduction, and a few pages covering correspondence between children and adults.
1888 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the author of Good Manners. Preface states that letter writing has been declared a lost art and that this text contains models of letters for every occasion that would demand correspondence. Contents includes letters on broken business engagement, declining to recommend, inquiring about a house to rent, excusing a pupil's absence, request for loan of money, recommending a governess, from lady to clergyman asking reference, form of a will, courtship and marriage, friendship, condolence, requesting favors, regrets and apology, etc. The book also contains a short section on the art of letter writing and a list of rules. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, the first few pages on the art of letter writing and the rules, and a selection of pages related to correspondence concerning children.
PDF of a facsimile from a copy in the Yale University Library. Library of Congress number 75-112064. Title page states it was written in 1798 and 1799. The author is credited as an M.D. Title page also states it was printed for J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church-Yard. The copied chapter relates to the evaluation and production of "writing, or literary composition." Schultz Archive copy includes pages 50 – 75 (Letter IV: Perfection in Writing), 316 – 317. Highlighting partially or completely obscures some short passages of text.
1884 copyrighted text. A book on manners that strives to be familiar and conversational, with children doing a large part of the talking. Chapters cover manners: in general, at school, on the street, at home, toward the aged, at the table, in society, at church, at places of amusement, in stories and similar public places, in travelling (sic), and in borrowing. Each lesson includes an outline for teachers to write on the blackboard. The Schultz Archive copy contains most of the introduction, TOC, and a selection of pages, most of which are the outlines for the lessons. Some of the pages are difficult to read due to the quality of the copying.
1801 printing of the first American edition. Preface emphasizes Lord Chesterfield's approach to the refinement of taste; the epistolary style; and knowledge of life, men, and manner (appropriate for the gentleman, the scholar, and the man of education). Preface also states text has been revised and amended by Rev. Dr. Gregory to remove the parts which religion, virtue and morality would disapprove and to adapt it for schools and academies. Schultz Archive copy only includes the preface and first page of Letter sixty three: Of Style in Writing . . . Advantages of a good style . . . Examples of a bad Style . . . Cicero and Quintilian.
1801 printing. Contents include: absence of mind, attention, awkwardness of different kinds, bashfulness, company, rules for behavior in company, rules for conversation, economy, friendship, good breeding, and graces. Schultz Archive copy includes only pages 66 and 67 on letter writing from the chapter on graces.
1811 printing of a new edition corrected and enlarged. The Universal Letter-Writer; Or, Whole Art of Polite Correspondence: A Great Variety of Plain, Easy, Entertaining and Familiar Original Letters Adapted to Every Age and Situation in Life, but More Particularly on Business, Education, and Love: Together with Various Forms and Petitions, Suitable to the different Wants and Exigencies of Life; Proper Methods of Addressing Superiors and Persons of All Ranks Both In Writing and Discourse; and Valuable Hints for Grammatical Correctness on All Occasions. To which is added a Modern Collection of Genteel Complimentary Cards. Likewise, Useful form in Law, such as Wills, Bonds, etc. To which is subjoined an index, To enable the reader immediately to find out any particular Letter of Article wanted. For the youthful and uniformed mind. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, introduction, the index, and a few pages from the main body of the text.
1889 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of Rhetoric in the Richmond High Schools, Richmond, VA. A practical treatise on rhetoric for the lower grades of high school. Includes a discussion of simple, complex, and compound sentences, as students still need this review of grammar (in part because their grammar instruction has been analytical rather than synthetical). Lessons include a section of reproduction and a section of development. The Reproductions furnishes material for practice of the discussed principles. The Developments section is a more advanced step, giving play to the imagination by supplying the details of a connected story, while also serving as a test of style. Chapters cover kinds of sentences, paragraphing, variety of expression, style, figures of speech, special properties of style, paraphrasing, kinds of prose composition, prosody and versification, and poetry. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, a few scattered pages, and pages 309 – 335 on prose composition.
1874 printing of 1874 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Master of Arts and as the author of several language texts. A manual for school work for students ages 12 to 15 made with reference to the recent remodeling of language-training in the public schools. Students are given exercise in actual composition at the same time they taught the details of rhetorical theory, based on the idea that pupils must be taught how to write at all, before they can be shown how to write well. The text is divided into five parts. Part one covers the construction and combination of sentences. Part two: the variation of arrangement, structure, and phraseology. Part three: simple composition exercises, including descriptive and narrative subjects. Part four: Style, including word choice, construction, figures of language, and analysis of style. Part five: practical composition of themes and essays. The preface credits the influence of English Prose Composition by James Currie, Cornwall's Young Composer, Dalgleish's English Composition, and Armstrong's English Composition. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, introduction, all of part three, pages 82 – 87 of part four, and all of part five.
1893 printing of 1893 copyrighted text. Raymond is credited with a L.H.D., as Professor of Oratory and Aesthetic Criticism in the College of New Jersey at Princeton, and as the author of several texts. Wheeler is credited with a Litt.D. and as University Fellow in English 1891-2, and in Oratory and Aesthetic Criticism 1892-3, in the College of New Jersey. A textbook designed to combine elocution and rhetoric, as these are often taught together. Preface argues that as elocution is simpler, it can used as an aid to understanding rhetoric. The introduction discusses "Elocution and Rhetoric Correlated." The section on style covers effects corresponding to those of elocutionary time, to those of elocutionary pitch, to those of elocutionary force, and to those of elocutionary quality. The section on theme cover the selection, limitation, a division of subjects, and the treatment of subjects as determined by their aims and readers. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, the introduction, and pages 166 – 203, (the theme section and the index).
1887 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Master of Arts, a PhD, as Ex-President of Delaware College, and as the author of several educational texts. The preface states to be a treatise on rhetoric and composition that is practical and teachable. It identifies two objectives: teaching ease, grace, fluency and correctness; enabling discernment and appreciation of literary works. Lessons are followed by copious exercises. These exercises include criticism of faulty expressions and construction of sentences, figures, etc. The section headings are: capital letters, punctuation, letter-writing, rhetoric (broken into style, sentences, paragraphing, figurative language, variety of expression, special properties of style and varieties of style), composition (broken into invention, parts of composition, prose composition, poetry, and versification), and rhetoric and literature. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, and pages 54 – 93, and 258 - 285. Some pages are difficult to read due to quality of the copying.
1854 copyrighted text. Author is credited with an M.A. and as the author of The Poets and Poetry of the Ancient Greeks. Preface credits influence of Longinus and Quintilian by way of Blair. Covers principles of taste and origin of language up to the epic and dramatic forms. Makes a (new?) distinction between rhetoric and belles-lettres. The first chapter on language covers: origin and progress of language, origin and progress of writing, structure of language (in two parts). Chapter two (style) covers: perspicuity and precision and structure of sentences (in three parts). Chapter three (figurative language) covers: origin and nature of figurative language, metaphor, hyperbole, comparison—antithesis—interrogation—etc., and general character of style. Chapter four (components of a regular discourse) covers: introduction—division—narration, argument—pathos—peroration, pronunciation and delivery. Chapter five is beauty and sublimity. Chapter six eloquence. Chapter seven different kinds of public speaking. Chapter eight poetry. Schultz Archive copy contains preface, TOC, the first chapter on taste, and the section on historical, epistolary, and fictitious writing from chapter seven.
1894 printing of 1887 copyrighted text. The author is credited with an M.A. and as Professor of the Theory, History, and Practice of Education in the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. The preface states the text has material for four years of study and one year of training college for pupil-teachers. It also suggests its use in colleges, ladies' seminaries, high schools, academies, preparatory and normal schools. The text aims for simplicity and clearness. Part one's chapters cover orthography, etymology, words and their functions, syntax, analysis, word-building and derivation, word-branching, words derived from names of persons and places, words disguised in form, and words that have changed in meaning. Part two covers composition, punctuation, figures of speech, paraphrasing, prosody exercises and exam questions. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, and the section on composition from part two.
1922 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Formerly Supervisor of English in Charleston, West Virginia and Also Teacher of English in the Lincoln School of Teachers College. Preface states text regards language as a living, growing thing, and follows Dr. Charles Sears Baldwin that the teaching of composition should be promotive and not merely corrective. Aims to stimulate desire to speak and write, and uses children's actual realities and projects and group work. Uses terminology recommended by the Joint Committee on Grammatical Nomenclature (appointed by the NEA), the Modern Language Association of America, and the American Philological Association. Part one includes chapters on organizing a club, the study of pictures, how to become more rapid readers, reading for meaning, use of the dictionary, civic study for the club, outlining a subject for speaking or writing, and as well as chapters on grammar. Part two includes chapters on the paragraph, contributions to the school paper, the sentence, subject and predicate, making ourselves clear, making a booklet, letters and social notes, invitations, telling a story, expression of feeling, words without organic connection with the sentence, idioms, summary of punctuation, the use of capitals, business letters and forms, and more chapters on grammar. Includes examples from well known authors. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, and a selection of pages from throughout the text that relate to composition.
1879 printing of 1879 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Bachelor of Arts and as Instructor in the St. Louis Central High School. The text is designed to follow instruction in English grammar and analysis. Preface claims there is a danger in making students too critical, therefore leading them to despise their own powers of expression. The work only includes what has been deemed practical. Uses exercises in oral composition. Chapters include: sentences and their parts, rhetorical forms of sentences, words, diction, style, figurative language, meter, characteristics of poetry, metaphrasing, composition (including narration, description, history, biography), imaginative composition, argumentative composition, letter writing, versification, criticism, correction of compositions, and list of subject for composition. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, and the chapters from the second half of the book covering composition.
Abbott's work provides rules and exercises for eliminating ambiguity in writing. The premise of this textbook is the notion that clarity, unlike many other characteristics of writing and speech, can be achieved through mechanistic rules and practice. The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt, consisting of the title page, preface and partial table of contents.
No edition or printing information is given in the copy. The author has a Bachelor of Arts from Smith College. As indicated by the subtitle, the work is intended for secondary and college students. Includes topics historical, imaginative, argumentative and subsequent brief chapters on: plan, or analysis; elaboration of points; criticism of one's own work; form of finished composition; composition an essential factor in the study of rhetoric; and figures of speech. The work seems addressed more to the teacher of the students than the students themselves. It attempts to explain how to students should mentally approach the act of writing but its language suggests a teacher thinking about the student’s mental habits rather than the student working though his own thoughts.
"A new and improved Edition" of the 1831 work. Advertisement dates it to May, 1840. The author is credited as author of the Analytical Dictionary. Chapters: Of Composition and its divisions into Grammatical and Rhetorical—Distinction between Syntax and Construction—on Accent and Emphasis; Of Punctuation; Of the Construction, or Arrangement, of Sentences; Construction of Sentences continued—Comparison with the Arrangement of other languages; Of Metaphors.—Symbols; Of Figurative language generally.—Different species of Tropes; Figures of Thought; Figures of Thought continued; Of Prosopopecia, or Personification—Genders of Nouns; Of Style; Of Prosody; Of Rhyme and Alliteration; Of the different species of Verse; Of Lyric Poetry; Of Pastoral Poetry; Of the higher species of Poetry; Higher species of Poetry continued. Chapter one begins with three objects of language: to communicate impression, to recall others' knowledge, and to excite sensations in others. Schultz Archive's copy only contain the pages of chapter one and ink has transferred between adjacent pages, making some sections difficult to read.
1913 printing of the 1912 copyrighted second edition. The first edition was copyrighted in 1909. The first three authors are credited with a Ph.D. and the last two are credited with an M.A. All are "of the Department of English Composition in the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University." A set of directions for good writing with a varied and extensive collection of examples drawn from all forms of discourse. Preface discusses exposition, argument, description, and narrative, and these categories serve as the different sections of the text. The introduction states that writing is a triple problem, requiring straight thinking, adequate expression, and good form. Chapters cover topics such as unity, coherence, emphasis, the paragraph, the sentence, the right word, the brief, the forms of evidence, development of full argument from brief, description, simple narrative, and the story. The appendices cover: connectives, exercises in sentence structure, exercises in the use of words, specimen brief, specimens of fallacious argument, exercises in description, exercises in narrative writing, punctuation, spelling, and a list of books. The example texts include political figures and well known literary authors. The Schultz Archive's copy contains the preface, the introduction, and the TOC.
1887 printing of 1886 copyrighted text. The author is credited with an M.A. and as Professor of Rhetoric in the College of Liberal Arts, Syracuse University. Texts strives to give rhetorical a more practical character, as training has been "impractical and fruitless." Prefaces discusses the perceived failure of education in composition and textbooks' focus on a labyrinth of abstractions, such as invention, taste, deduction, simplicity, partial exposition, feeling, perfection, the sublime, the picturesque, etc. Instead, the author emphasizes imitation and observation as the natural teachers, and that rhetorical training must be largely negative (focusing on detecting errors and revision). The text includes examples of undergraduate essays for criticism and correction. The parts: the form, the style, the thought, and versification. Chapters still use common abstractions and modes of discourse. Schultz Archive copy contains preface, suggestions to teachers, TOC, and pages 240 – 299, covering chapters from part III (the thought) on selection of a subject, the outline, description, narration, exposition, and persuasion.
1891 printing of 1891 copyrighted text. Part of the Indiana State Series. Designed to follow the Elementary English Grammar and to serve as a complete one-book course for more advanced pupils. Teaches that thought is the essential thing and language is secondary to the idea to be expressed. Principles of language are explained and illustrated before rules are given. Examples of chapters: classification of words, properties and modifications, nouns and pronouns, the verb, the preposition, the subject, noun modifiers, analysis of sentences, synthesis, construction of adjective modifiers, punctuation, prosody. Schultz Archive's copy includes preface, TOC, pages 204 – 207 and 220 – 266, which cover prose composition, composition in series, and letter writing.
Copyrighted 1893. The author is credited as Principal of Grammar School No. 3, Brooklyn, NY. The book is meant to cover the last two years of the primary course. Lessons are headed as "Things to Notice" and "Things to Do," while reviews are headed as "Things to Remember." It recommends that the teacher help students correct their writing while they are working on it, as opposed to making corrections after it has been written. Includes illustrations that serve as the subject matter of compositions. Includes lessons on stories for reproduction, supplying suitable words, letter writing, the parts of a statement, joining sentences, reproduction and quotation marks, words used to qualify, and composition exercises. The Schultz Archive copy contains various pages up to page 139. There is no TOC.
1889 printing of 1888 copyrighted text. Author is credited as Principal of Grammar School No. 3, Brooklyn, NY. Begins with gradual development of the sentence and the nature and office of the different parts of speech. The relations of words to each other precedes learning the words' proper forms. Includes exercises involving filling out sentences with the correct forms of words rather than correcting false syntax (although the appendix contains such exercises). Aims to make grammar more interesting and student progress more rapid. Preface claims it covers as much material as a two-book course on grammar. Examples of chapters include the following: Objects—Ideas; Analysis and Synthesis; Models for Written Analysis; Diagramming; Oral Parsing Models; Words Misused; Compound Sentences—Classification; Elliptical Sentences—Analysis; Bad Construction Improved; Composition—Subjects. Questions are used at the end of lessons. The book is structured to be progressive and its method inductive. The Schultz Archive copy includes the TOC, the index, a part of the appendix, and roughly forty to fifty pages from various chapters. Some of the pages are difficult to read due to the quality of the copies.
1830 printing. Author is credited as the author of A New and Improved System of Practical Arithmetic. Letter to elementary school teachers states: every elementary book should consist principally of spelling columns, as spelling is the foundation of reading, and that reading lessons should be adapted to children's understanding and progressive improvement. It leaves analysis to grammar texts. The Schultz Archive copy is a selection of roughly sixty pages from the 148 page text.
The original was published in 1762. This American edition was based on the 1823 abridgment published in London. An American 19th century abridgment of 18th century textbook on literary criticism by the Scottish Enlightenment scholar Henry Home, Lord Kames. Explores the role of human nature in literary composition and criticism, particularly the emotions and passions. It also covers aesthetic concerns and forms such as beauty, sublimity, risible objects, congruity and propriety, dignity and grace, ridicule, wit, comparisons, narration and description, epic and dramatic composition, and standard of taste. Includes review questions. The Schultz Archive copy includes the TOC, the introduction, and the chapter on narration and description.
Preface dated 1878. Author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Professor of Logic, Rhetoric, and English at the University of Rochester. Based on the author's teaching experience, this work supplements students' education in general grammar with teaching of grammar more specific to the English language. It also covers style and figurative language. It is intended for high schools and academies (the author wants students to possess this knowledge before entering college). It also offers advice on how to teach and structure lessons and assignments. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface and pages 100 – 112, which are from a chapter titled Praxis in Composition.
Printing date obscured. The author is credited as Inspector of Schools. Preface states practice of analyzing/parsing sentences teaches students to decompose sentences, but not to compose, which involves arranging words, phrases, and clauses in their most effective setting. This work teaches analysis for the purpose of synthesis. It also covers equivalent modes of expression, synthesizing examples by well known writers, and the correcting of errors. The parts of the book are: the simple sentences, the complex sentence of two clauses, the compound sentence, and the complex sentence of more than two clauses. The author credits Bain, A. F. Murison, and Dr. Hodgson as influences. The Schultz Archive copy contains only the preface and TOC.
1848 printing of 1848 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Principal of the Phillips Grammar School, Boston. Designed as an introduction to a larger work on the analysis of sentences. Emphasizes simplicity in the presentation and performance over memorization. The work is divided into two parts: formation of words (orthography and etymology) and formation of sentences (rules for construction, models for analyzing and parsing). The author states that sentences have a meaning and a form, a thought and a mode of expression. This leads to exercises on equivalents (equivalent words, phrases, or clauses). Part one is broken into introduction, derivation and composition of words, and parts of speech—inflection. Part two has an unnamed section followed by simple sentences, complex sentences, compound sentences, and prosody. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, the TOC, the introduction to part one, and the first section of part two.
1823 printing of 1823 copyrighted text. A series of at leat thirty letters addressed to children on the subject of the state of New Hampshire. Letters cover geography, history, objects and other concerns of the state. The Schultz Archive copy contains just the preface the full text of one letter.
1829 printing. A series of fifty letters addressed to children on the subject of the state of Massachusetts. Letters cover counties, wildlife, topography, the principal towns of each county, and Indians. The Schultz Archive copy contains just a few of the letters and some of the pages are difficult to read due to the quality of the copies.
1893 printing of 1892 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory in Harvard University. Preface begins with Swift's definition of good style: proper words in proper places. The author adds a third aim of style: to use no more words than necessary. He calls these three objectives the foundations of rhetoric. Part one is about words and contains two books: words and not words (covering grammar); and words to choose. Part two is about sentences. Book one, sentences good and bad, covers clearness, force, ease, and unity. Book two, sentences to choose, covers long of short sentences, periodic or loose sentences, and principals of choice. Part three is about paragraphs covers characteristics of a good paragraph, sentences in a paragraph, and paragraphs by themselves and in succession. Each lesson begins with an example or examples for the students to use to try and discover the rule. The Schultz Archive copy contain the preface, TOC, and a few pages from part three.
Copyrighted 1877. The author is credited as Professor in the University of Lewisburg. Preface states the book is not an introduction but rather is for advanced class, and it provides a systematic presentation of the laws of discourse. Contrasts itself with one-sided textbooks by Whately, Blair, and Theremin. Author's rhetoric takes logic, aesthetics, and ethics and establishes them in the mind of another. Author regards invention as subject/discipline specific; thus, it cannot be reduced to rule. Disposition/arrangement are also topic specific or form specific or genre specific. Focuses on the laws of mind, the laws of idea, and the law of mental economy (from Spencer). Introduction compares language with other modes of expressions. Laws of mind deals with both the intellect and the feelings, as well as experience and affiliation. The laws of idea deal with objects, notions, time, character, and the modes of discourse. Laws of form deal with plain language, word choice, figurative language, and economy of the feelings. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC and pages 74 – 139 of the text.
Handwritten date of 1739 appears on the cover page. The author is credited as Master of the Publick Grammar-School in Holt, Norfolk. The title page states the text is: Briefly stated, and fitted to the practice of the studious youth of Great-Brian and Ireland: in two books. The first comprehending the principles of that excellent art, conformable to, and supported the authority of the most accurate orators and rhetoricians, both ancient and modern: Isocrates, Aristotle, Cicero, Dionysisus Halicarnass, Quintilian, Vossius, Petrus Ramus, Cyp Sarius, Aud. Talaeus, Dugard; Farnaby, Buter, Smith, Walker, Burton, Blackwell, Lowe, Rollin, A.B of Cambray, Mess de Port-Royal. The whole being distinguished into what is necessary to be repeated, and what may be made only matter of observation. The second contain the substance of Longinu's celebrated treatise on the sublime. In both which all technical terms are fully explained with their derivations, and proper examples applied to demonstrate and illustrate all the topres, figures, and fine turns, that are to be met with, or imitated, either in the scriptures, classics, or other polite writings as well oratorial as poetical. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the first twenty-nine pages. The copies vary in quality and readability.
1859 printing. The author is credited as a doctor of divinity and as Professor of Belles Lettres and Political Economy in the College of New Jersey. A printed but unpublished textbook for use by the author's own pupils. Based on classroom experience using Whately's Rhetoric. Aims to provide mental discipline through recitations. While it is meant to serve in place of Whately's text, it is meant to be used with Theremin's text. Part one covers rhetorical process, classification of arguments, and arrangement of arguments. Part two covers persuasion. Part three covers constructive rhetoric: discourse and style. Part four covers elocution. The Schultz Archive copy only includes the preface and TOC.
1892 printing of 1887 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Instructor of English in Cornell University. The text addresses the problems with the field's focus on philology and the quality of instruction in writing in the English language. The text argues students need a grounding in the inflections of English, should be taught English style, and should be constantly and rigorously drilled in composition. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete 28 page text, with additional advertisements.
1899 printing of 1896 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Formerly Teacher of Composition in the State Normal School, Albany, NY. A grammar and composition text. It aims to provide practical training for students whose education ends with common or grammar school, as well as those who go on for further study. Each lesson aims to be a language lesson. Encourages students to cultivate their powers of observation. Connects language to the expression of thought. Selections from the best writers are used to encourage a taste for good literature, to awaken a love of nature, or to deepen a moral impression. Lessons lay out tasks for completion. Incorrect forms for correction are not used. The text also covers letter writing and business forms. Includes pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text, excepting the index.
1900 copyrighted text. Smith is credited with a Bachelor of Philosophy degree and as Professor of English, Tabor College. Thomas is credited with a Bachelor of Arts from Harvard and as Master of English, Boston English High School. Preface states the teaching of rhetoric in schools has tied rhetoric to composition. The authors believe in the inductive method and that instruction should be made as definite as possible in matters involving such subtleties of psychology and taste. Literary judgment should be the end for which rhetoric is studied. The text, designed to cover a course of two years, strives for a wise choice of material, a sound arrangement, a proper proportion of parts, simple language, and concise, clear-cut definitions, enforced by copious illustrations and exercises. The work starts with the whole composition rather than beginning with words, ideas being the first consideration. The authors credit the influence of Professor L. A. Sherman of the University of Nebraska, Professor Sophie C. Hart of Wellesley, and Mr. Thomas Hall of Harvard. Part 1 is Composition, with chapters on the theme, the paragraph, the sentence and words. Part 2 is the Laws of Good Use, with chapters on usage, purity and barbarisms, propriety and improprieties, solecisms, the forms of discourse, the qualities of good style and clearness, emphasis, and elegance. Appendices cover punctuation, letter-writing, examples of defective composition, and additional exercises. The Schultz Archive Copy is roughly the complete 312 page text.
The goal of the book "is that of giving training in accuracy of thought, nicety of taste, and finer command of the wizard words that touch imagination." Broken down into various sections of theme and style.
1866 printing of the 1866 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Principal of the Ringgold Grammar School, Philadelphia, and as author of A Grammar of the English Language. A condensed version of the author's larger Grammar for use as a textbook in schools. This text omits orthoepy, orthography, punctuation, and prosody. Large type and numbered paragraphs indicate what is to be memorized and recited. Accompanying the rules and definitions are examples, explanations, and exercises. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1844 printing of the 1844 copyrighted text. The title page says the book is designed as a sequel to Progressive Exercises in English Composition. As with its predecessor, this text seeks to address two primary obstacles for student writers: obtaining ideas and expressing ideas. The author's approach to obtaining ideas is based on what he terms the principle of association. The exercises herein are not presented as a progressive course, but rather are meant to be selected by teachers as they deem useful. The material varies from sample sentences for punctuation practice, to models of the various kinds of compositions, to long lists of subjects for different kinds of compositions. There are seventy-five lessons in all. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1835 printing of the second edition of the 1834 copyrighted text. Parker is credited with a Master of Arts, as the Principal of the Franklin Grammar school, and as author of Progressive Exercises in English Composition. Fox is credited with a Master of Arts and as Principal of the Boylston Grammar School. The preface states the text is based on the authors' experience as teachers and purposely uses repetitions and a colloquial style to speak its audience. The "usual arrangement" is not followed. Instead, the pupil is first taught to analyze words and phrases, and etymology and syntax are reserved for after the pupil is familiar with the simpler parts of a sentence. The parsing exercises are designed to give students practice in supplying the ellipses in sentences. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 96 page text.
1841 and 1842 copyrighted texts. The author is credited as "author of the prize essay on education, entitled 'The Teacher's Manual.'" A series of four books designed to connect pure feelings and correct moral ideas with intellectual instruction through narratives accompanied by questions for students. Many of the stories are given titles indicative of the moral theme explored, such as "Cruelty and Oppression" and "Envy, Hatred, and Malice." Pictorial illustrations also appear throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy includes selections from each of the four books, but none of the four is complete.
Paine's only surviving son, Robert Troup Paine, committed suicide in 1851 while at Harvard. Paine and his wife compiled Memoir of Robert Troup Paine, a volume of more than ninety-one of the compositions, theme papers, and letters that his son had written during his schooling, and presented the printed volume, bound in embossed leather, to Harvard - Dictionary of Early American Philosophers. Ed. John R. Shook. This entry in the Schultz Archive is roughly the final third of the memoir pages 335 – 524, plus two brief notes: At a Special Meeting of the Presidential and Fellows of Harvard College in Boston, January 21, 1854; At the Annual Meeting of the Board of Overseers of Harvard College, in the Senate Chamber, Boston, January 26, 1854.
Paine's only surviving son, Robert Troup Paine, committed suicide in 1851 while at Harvard. Paine and his wife compiled Memoir of Robert Troup Paine, a volume of more than ninety-one of the compositions, theme papers, and letters that his son had written during his schooling, and presented the printed volume, bound in embossed leather, to Harvard - Dictionary of Early American Philosophers. Ed. John R. Shook. This entry in the Schultz Archive is roughly the second third of the memoir, pages 165 – 333. The Schultz Archive contains the rest of the text in separate entries.
Dated 1852. Paine's only surviving son, Robert Troup Paine, committed suicide in 1851 while at Harvard. Paine and his wife compiled Memoir of Robert Troup Paine, a volume of more than ninety-one of the compositions, theme papers, and letters that his son had written during his schooling, and presented the printed volume, bound in embossed leather, to Harvard - Dictionary of Early American Philosophers. Ed. John R. Shook. This entry in the Schultz Archive is roughly the first third of the memoir, up to page 164. The Schultz Archive contains the rest of the text in separate entries.
1848 printing of the 1848 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Principal of the Epes Grammar School in Salem, MA. A composition manual with blank pages for students to transcribe and preserve their compositions for the purposes of improving their taste, gaining knowledge of themselves, improving their thinking and writing, and providing evidence of their improvement. The book also provides a condensed presentation of rules, abbreviation, and common signs used in writing and printing. It also includes the meaning of foreign words and phrases. The Schultz Archive's copy only includes pages on writing and sending letters, and advice on composing taken from Blair (clearness, unity, strength, and harmony), plus a list of subjects for composing.
This 60th edition is a 1862 printing of the 1834? (date unreadable) copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric in Bowdoin College.
The author states that while instruction should be provided through familiar talking lectures, a textbook should contain a mere outline--some general principles plainly stated and well illustrated. The author provides five objectives: some acquaintance with the philosophy of rhetoric, cultivation of taste and the exercise of the imagination, skill in the use of language, skill in literary criticism, and the formation of a good style. The chapters are: on thought as the foundation of good writing, on taste, on literary taste, on skill in the use of language (verbal criticism, composition of sentences), and on style. These chapters are followed by a sections of exercises that correspond to each chapter. After the exercises the author provides a historical dissertation on English style. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1893 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the Leland Stanford Junior University. Designed to be a supplement to a more technical grammatical and rhetorical treatise, this text shows students how to find material and work that material into good, interesting compositions. Seventy-three exercises deal with particular kinds of composition, specimen subjects and themes are given with observations and suggestions for treatment, and models of various kinds of composition are provided (but these models are of student work or writing of a similar level of accomplishment). The work is divided into two parts. Part one, Composition Based on Experience and Observation, has sections on finding material, narration, description, and narration and description combined. Part two, Composition Based on Reading and Thought has sections on principles of composition, exposition, argumentation, persuasion, and miscellaneous forms (such as news, book reviews, letter, dialogue, as humor). John Genung's Rhetoric is listed as an influence. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1894 printing of the 1893 copyrighted text. It is apparently identical to the Schultz Archive's 1893 printing, with the exception of a few pages of advertisements at the end. The author is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the Leland Stanford Junior University. Designed to be a supplement to a more technical grammatical and rhetorical treatise, this text shows students how to find material and work that material into good, interesting compositions. Seventy-three exercises deal with particular kinds of composition, specimen subjects and themes are given with observations and suggestions for treatment, and models of various kinds of composition are provided (but these models are of student work or writing of a similar level of accomplishment). The work is divided into two parts. Part one, Composition Based on Experience and Observation, has sections on finding material, narration, description, and narration and description combined. Part two, Composition Based on Reading and Thought has sections on principles of composition, exposition, argumentation, persuasion, and miscellaneous forms (such as news, book reviews, letter, dialogue, as humor). John Genung's Rhetoric is listed as an influence. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1851 printing of 1851 copyrighted text. Excerpt only includes preface. Text aims to imprint on the memory and understanding of the learner an image of the most prominent features of the etymological part. For the syntactical part, the preface states that rules and notes suffice for parsing sentences and phrases. Text states grammar consists of six parts: orthography, orthoepy, etymology, syntax, punctuation, an orthometry. The Schultz Archive copy contains only the preface and the first page of the text.
Text copyrighted 1905. Previously copyrighted in 1903. Morrow is credited with a Master of Science and as Superintendent of Schools, Allegheny, PA. McLean is credited with a M.A. and as Principal of Luckey Schools, Pittsburgh, PA. Blaisdell is credited with a Ph.D. and as Professor of English in the Fifth Avenue Normal High School, Pittsburgh, PA. Preface states text is for 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders. For each of these years the text is broken into 10 weeks of observation lessons, 10 weeks study of pictures, 10 weeks study of stories and poem, and five weeks study of notes and letters. Each week's work contains four daily exercises in composition (oral or written) and one in elementary grammar. The preface credits the influence of Dr. E. E. White and Prof. L. A. Sherman. Preface states that it is most effective to teach students to speak and write with freedom unencumbered by rules. The grammar lessons are divided by year: 1st year, mechanics of writing; 2nd year, the sentence; 3rd year, the parts of speech. Text contains pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1836 printing of 1836 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Bachelor of Arts degree and as author of Geographical Key. A grammar for children with an appendix of directions for composing (includes lists of subjects, general [abstract] subjects, and letters). Engravings (illustrations) are used to help teach parts of speech. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 86 page text.
1838 printing of the 1838 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Principal of Green Street Seminary and the author of other books. A collection of composition exercises consisting of stories to be analyzed, descriptions, skeletons of letters, analysis of poetry and scripture, general subjects, discussions, poetical exercises, an epitome of rhetoric, an a list of subjects for compositions. The method proposed is in opposition to teaching children in language they do not understand. It emphasizes given children clear conceptions of things before providing them with those things' names. The text includes some pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1939 printing of the 1838 copyrighted text. This later printing contains additional text and illustrations, despite the same copyright year as the prior edition. The author is credited as Principal of Green Street Seminary and the author of other books. A collection of composition exercises consisting of stories to be analyzed, descriptions, skeletons of letters, analysis of poetry and scripture, general subjects, discussions, poetical exercises, an epitome of rhetoric, an a list of subjects for compositions. The method proposed is in opposition to teaching children in language they do not understand. It emphasizes given children clear conceptions of things before providing them with those things' names. The text includes some pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1911 printing. The author is credited with a Ph.D., as Professor in the History of Education at Teachers College in Columbia University, and as the author of other books on the history of education. The Schultz Archive's copy only includes two complete chapters. Chapter Ten: The Naturalistic Tendency in Education: Rousseau; Chapter Eleven: Psychological Tendency in Education. There is also a selection from Chapter Twelve: Sociological Tendency in Education.