1828 printing, the second edition, copyrighted 1827. Short book focusing on exercises etymological and syntactical parsing that grow in difficulty over each chapter. The work attempts to make the study of English grammar easier through classification of the forms of English construction. It is to be used after students have committed the rules of grammar to memory. There are forty lessons in all. Some use quotations by distinguished authors. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
The original was published in 1762. This American edition was based on the 1823 abridgment published in London. An American 19th century abridgment of 18th century textbook on literary criticism by the Scottish Enlightenment scholar Henry Home, Lord Kames. Explores the role of human nature in literary composition and criticism, particularly the emotions and passions. It also covers aesthetic concerns and forms such as beauty, sublimity, risible objects, congruity and propriety, dignity and grace, ridicule, wit, comparisons, narration and description, epic and dramatic composition, and standard of taste. Includes review questions. The Schultz Archive copy includes the TOC, the introduction, and the chapter on narration and description.
1855 printing of the 1854 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Associate Principal of the Collegiate School in New York, and as the author of First Lessons in Composition. Based on the same plan as the author's book for younger students, First Lessons in Composition, this text is meant for students in colleges and higher academies. The preface boasts its merits are its clearness and simplicity, its variety of subjects and their connections, and the practicality of its exercises. The sections cover the history of the English language; punctuation; rhetoric--with sections on taste, the imagination, the sublime, the beautiful, wit, humor, figurative language, varieties of style, and criticism; prose composition--with sections on invention, amplification, metaphorical language, climax and anithesis, paraphrasing, description, narration, letters, fiction, orations, etc; and poetical composition. Collection of rules and exercises, beginning with history of English language and punctuation until building up to poetry. It credits the influence of Blair, Burke, and Alison. Illustrative textual examples are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1844 printing of the 1844 copyrighted text. The title page says the book is designed as a sequel to Progressive Exercises in English Composition. As with its predecessor, this text seeks to address two primary obstacles for student writers: obtaining ideas and expressing ideas. The author's approach to obtaining ideas is based on what he terms the principle of association. The exercises herein are not presented as a progressive course, but rather are meant to be selected by teachers as they deem useful. The material varies from sample sentences for punctuation practice, to models of the various kinds of compositions, to long lists of subjects for different kinds of compositions. There are seventy-five lessons in all. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1945 printing. Reprinted from the Bulletin of the New York Public Library of December, 1944 and January, 1945. A handbook on letter-writing that excludes examples of historical, literary, and specialized (such as business) correspondence in favor of a general letter-writer for the "average" person. Introduction covers the history of the letter-writer handbook, dating back 1568. It credits much of its history to Katherine Gee Hornbeak's The Complete Letter Writing in English, 1568 – 1800. The text features examples of letters on general and specific topics (ex: A Father to his Daughter, Refusing his Consent to an Early Marriage). It also includes a bibliography called Preliminary Check List of American Letter-Writers, 1698-1943. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 54 page text.
1870 printing of the 1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Assistant Superintendent of Schools in Brooklyn, NY and has a Doctor of Laws in English (LL. D.). The prefaces says the work has three parts. The first part covers sentence structure with familiar examples and makes references to Bullions's grammar. The second part gives selections for analysis and parsing. The third part gives practical methods in composition (as opposed to "tiresome exercises" or the laws of rhetoric). The Schultz Archive's copy only contains part III: Composition, which contains: framing sentences, copying, dictations exercises, reproduction, impromptu composition, paraphrase, variety of expression, criticism, the essay, letter writing, style, choice of words (perspicuity, purity, propriety, and precision), structure of sentences, and figurative language.
1867 printing of the 1867 copyrighted work: a reconstruction of Elements of the Art of Rhetoric (1850). The author is credited as the author of books on logic, grammar, composition, and rhetorical praxis. The preface states Elements of the Art of Rhetoric was distinct for elevating invention to the first rank in rhetorical instruction, reduction of the principles of rhetoric to a more exact system, and the treatment of rhetoric as an art rather than a science. This text made changes to make stronger relations between rhetoric and logic and aesthetics, fuller develop the processes of explanation, and the more exact classification of style. A treatise and textbook on rhetoric, it is divided into two parts: invention and style. Invention is further divided into explanation, confirmation, excitation, and persuasion. Style is divided into absolute properties, subjective properties, and objective properties. Discourse is discussed as oratory, epistolary composition, poetry, representative discourse, judicial, deliberative and sacred. Exercises are used throughout. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
Ninth edition/printing (no year) of the 1867 copyrighted text. Day is credited as the author of Logic, Rhetoric, and Rhetorical Praxis. The book is based on Day's rhetoric that argues thought (and forms of thought) is the starting point for teaching rhetoric, composition, and grammar rather than style and form of language. Emphasis is put on teaching methods of thought and study with accompanying exercises. Definitions and principles are here given in their simplest forms. Introductory exercises cover parts of speech, such as sentences, clauses, and words. The next section, the Art of Composition, is divided into simple objects, principal elements fo the sentence, modifying elements, abnormal forms, construction, analysis, symbolism of thought, and explanation. Oral and written exercises are included throughout, including exercises in correction. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Handwritten date of 1739 appears on the cover page. The author is credited as Master of the Publick Grammar-School in Holt, Norfolk. The title page states the text is: Briefly stated, and fitted to the practice of the studious youth of Great-Brian and Ireland: in two books. The first comprehending the principles of that excellent art, conformable to, and supported the authority of the most accurate orators and rhetoricians, both ancient and modern: Isocrates, Aristotle, Cicero, Dionysisus Halicarnass, Quintilian, Vossius, Petrus Ramus, Cyp Sarius, Aud. Talaeus, Dugard; Farnaby, Buter, Smith, Walker, Burton, Blackwell, Lowe, Rollin, A.B of Cambray, Mess de Port-Royal. The whole being distinguished into what is necessary to be repeated, and what may be made only matter of observation. The second contain the substance of Longinu's celebrated treatise on the sublime. In both which all technical terms are fully explained with their derivations, and proper examples applied to demonstrate and illustrate all the topres, figures, and fine turns, that are to be met with, or imitated, either in the scriptures, classics, or other polite writings as well oratorial as poetical. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the first twenty-nine pages. The copies vary in quality and readability.
1829 printing. A series of fifty letters addressed to children on the subject of the state of Massachusetts. Letters cover counties, wildlife, topography, the principal towns of each county, and Indians. The Schultz Archive copy contains just a few of the letters and some of the pages are difficult to read due to the quality of the copies.
1823 printing of 1823 copyrighted text. A series of at leat thirty letters addressed to children on the subject of the state of New Hampshire. Letters cover geography, history, objects and other concerns of the state. The Schultz Archive copy contains just the preface the full text of one letter.
1881 printing of 1880 copyrighted text. This history of the Boston Public Latin School (the oldest educational institution in the country) was written for the Harvard Register. The book is based on manuscripts by early pupils, as well as Gould's article on the Latin School; Dr. Dimmock's Memorial Address on Dr. Gardner,;manuscript reports to the Boston Latin-School Association, mostly from Rev. Dr. Hale; John T. Hassam's Memoir of Ezekiel Cheever; and editorial articles in the Boston papers. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the full 24 pages of text.
1895 printing of 1895 copyrighted text. The publisher preface informs the reader that the author is the chief-proofreader in one of the largest book publishers in New York. Bowden asserts in the preface to his grammar that his contribution to the realm of grammar handbooks will be one that avoids unnecessary material that detracts from the learning process and one that establishes a beneficial system of classification to lessen the need for rote memorization, both of which he argues are failings of the preceding grammar handbooks. The text covers etymology, syntax and prosody-punctuation, establishing classifications for each. Exercises follow the sections on syntax and punctuation. The Schultz Archive only includes an excerpt of the title page, contents, author's preface and publisher's preface. The scans are good quality, but some highlighter obscures text.
1870 printing of the 1870 copyrighted text, a revised edition of the Common School Grammar, and Introductory to the Practical Grammar.The author is credited as Peter Bullions, Doctor of Divinity, and the author of the Series of English, Latin, and Greek Grammars, and Latin and Greek Readers. Bullions's School Grammar is designed to have a high level of practicality for the students who use the text. In the preface, the author identifies the primary audience for this text to be young students who do not have time to devote to more detailed grammar handbooks. The text is organized into orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody (prosody is very brief). Emphasis is put on comprehension and application. Within each lesson, explanations are followed with illustrations, then observations, questions, and exercises in application. The teacher is instructed to supplement the text as necessary with any information that s/he does not find in this book. The Schultz Archive includes a mostly complete text with a number of issues. The scans are mostly legible, but there are a number of pages that are repeated, missing, out of order or upside down.
1873 printing of the 1873 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts degree, as Principal of the Ralston School in Pittsburgh, and as the author of two other books on grammar. Burtt's Primary Grammar is intended to be a supplemental work for his text Practical Grammar. Primary Grammar, Burtt professes, will simply and practically present the basics of English grammar by providing definitions, exercises, examples, models and questions to assist in the application of parsing and other grammatical concerns. The text advocates students be required to recite answers in complete sentences. The work has three sections: introduction, parts of speech, and analysis of sentences. The analysis of sentences section has false syntax for correcting and examples for parsing and analysis. The Schultz Archive includes up to page 49, where it abruptly ends, and the scans are all good quality.
1866 printing. An introductory work, consisting chiefly of definitions to be committed to memory. The appendix contains sounds of letters, rules of spelling, and lists of irregular verbs, and figures of speech. The book follows the orthography, etymology, syntax, prosody structure. Each lesson uses a catechistic (question/answer) structure. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, and first nineteen pages of the text.
No information on the printing is provided. The copyright is 1827. The author is credited as the author of two other books on grammar. It is designed for the youngest learners or those who need an easy introduction before moving on to a "larger treatise," such as the author's The First Lines of English Grammar and The Institutes of English Grammar (both of which are also included in the Schultz Archive). Its method is a systematic mode of parsing and memorization, adapted to the monitorial method of instruction and any method where the book is the principal source of information. It covers orthography, etymology, and syntax. The parsing exercises are followed by question and answer dialogues, presumably to be memorized by the students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text, and it is in good quality.
No printing information given. Copyrighted 1857. No information on the author is provided. As the lengthy title suggests, Chesterfield's text is directed at any student who wants or needs to learn how to compose an effective letter. The author claims that the book may prove useful for students young and old, as well as for students who wish to learn to write polite letters for society or business letters for monetary purposes. No matter the student or cause, Chesterfield claims that all people may benefit from an increased knowledge of how to write letters. The text offers instruction on all aspects of letters, including grammar, style, arrangement, concluding, and more. Examples of different genres of letter are provided, such as business or love letters. The Schultz Archive includes the complete letter-writing section (with the exception of pages 50-51 and 58-59), but the text seems to continue beyond the letter-writing portion. Some highlighter obscures text throughout, but the quality is good nonetheless.
1836 printing of 1836 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Bachelor of Arts degree and as author of Geographical Key. A grammar for children with an appendix of directions for composing (includes lists of subjects, general [abstract] subjects, and letters). Engravings (illustrations) are used to help teach parts of speech. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 86 page text.
1842 printing of 1842 copyrighted text. The second part is for grammar schools, while the first part is for preparatory schools (and includes illustrative engravings).The text rejects the old system of grammar of Murray. It claims to be a proper conservative grammar written for those English speakers who will not study other languages, addressed to the understanding and not the memory. It covers classes of English words (with tables of examples), rules for sentence construction, analysis and parsing, rules of syntax, and includes review questions Includes practical exercises to illustrate every principle and is arranged to explain the differences between its system and the old system. Credits the influence of Wallis, Harris, Horne Tooke, Gilchrist, and Crombie. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the entire text of the second part.
1809 printing. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Principal of Baltimore College. This text is written in a question and answer form for the benefit of both students and instructors. Rhetoric is defined to be the quintessence of all that is excellent in Belle Lettres and classical and literary composition. The topics covered include taste, criticism, genius, sublimity, beauty, novelty, imitation, style, sentence structure, harmony, figurative language, kinds of poetry, characters of prose, classical argument, and Stirling's definitions of tropes and figures of rhetoric. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1809 printing. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Principal of Baltimore College. This text is written in a question and answer form for the benefit of both students and instructors. Rhetoric is defined to be the quintessence of all that is excellent in Belle Lettre and classical and literary composition. The topics covered include taste, criticism, genius, sublimity, beauty, novelty, imitation, style, sentence structure, harmony, figurative language, kinds of poetry, characters of prose, classical argument, and Stirling's definitions of tropes and figures of rhetoric. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1823 printing of 1823 copyrighted text. A concise text on grammar. Preface boasts of a new and systematic order of parsing (rather than memorization) and a text that blends pleasure and labor. The familiar style of the lectures use first person and directly address the reader. The text contain fourteen lectures and exercises in false syntax. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, recommendations, contents, "hints to teachers," and the first lecture. The second page of the preface and the first page of the "hints to teachers" are a bit difficult to read due to the quality of copy.
1891 printing of 1891 copyrighted text. Part of the Indiana State Series. Designed to follow the Elementary English Grammar and to serve as a complete one-book course for more advanced pupils. Teaches that thought is the essential thing and language is secondary to the idea to be expressed. Principles of language are explained and illustrated before rules are given. Examples of chapters: classification of words, properties and modifications, nouns and pronouns, the verb, the preposition, the subject, noun modifiers, analysis of sentences, synthesis, construction of adjective modifiers, punctuation, prosody. Schultz Archive's copy includes preface, TOC, pages 204 – 207 and 220 – 266, which cover prose composition, composition in series, and letter writing.
1889 printing of 1888 copyrighted text. Author is credited as Principal of Grammar School No. 3, Brooklyn, NY. Begins with gradual development of the sentence and the nature and office of the different parts of speech. The relations of words to each other precedes learning the words' proper forms. Includes exercises involving filling out sentences with the correct forms of words rather than correcting false syntax (although the appendix contains such exercises). Aims to make grammar more interesting and student progress more rapid. Preface claims it covers as much material as a two-book course on grammar. Examples of chapters include the following: Objects—Ideas; Analysis and Synthesis; Models for Written Analysis; Diagramming; Oral Parsing Models; Words Misused; Compound Sentences—Classification; Elliptical Sentences—Analysis; Bad Construction Improved; Composition—Subjects. Questions are used at the end of lessons. The book is structured to be progressive and its method inductive. The Schultz Archive copy includes the TOC, the index, a part of the appendix, and roughly forty to fifty pages from various chapters. Some of the pages are difficult to read due to the quality of the copies.
1902 copyrighted text. Kavana is credited as Teacher of English in the Medill High School in Chicago. Beatty is credited as Instructor in English in the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Designed as a three year course for high school students, this text emphasizes technique and the studio method, using literature as the subject matter to avoid teaching rhetoric and composition as abstract science or mechanical detail. The first year is narration and description separately and then combined. The second year is exposition with narration and description with an emphasis on the book review, historical and biographical essays, and the nature sketch. The third year is argumentation and persuasion as found in debate, oration, and drama. It includes exercises in punctuation, word choice, and sentence structure. Themes are drawn from life and students are encouraged to choose their own subjects. Pictorial illustrations are included. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1894 printing of 1890 copyrighted text. Revised and enlarged edition. Author is credited with a B.A. and as editor of Goldsmith's "Deserted Village," Cowper's "Task," etc. Preface (dated 1891) states text addresses lack of texts that ably deal with the theoretical part of composition and offer a sufficient amount of practice. It proceeds on the simple method of laying down a few principles at a time and then illustrating them with a variety of exercises. Chapters cover: the sentence, punctuation, style (diction, formation of sentences, construction of paragraphs), variety of expression, figures of speech, qualities of style (perspicuity, picturesqueness, force, pathos, the ludicrous, the aesthetic), letters, the plan, kinds of discourse, versification, correcting compositions, and proof-reading and marking. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 338 page text.
1899 printing of the 1899 copyrighted text. Herrick is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the University of Chicago. Damon is credited as Instructor in English in the University of Chicago. Preface argues students should first be encouraged to write freely and taught habits of thought and invention before subjecting them to criticism. Part one is meant for a first year course with this approach in mind. Parts two thru four are intended for a second year course to systematically drill the students in the principles of rhetoric. Part five may be included in the second year or later. The chapters in part one, preliminary work: composition--oral and written, what to write about, development of subjects, dividing subjects into paragraphs, building sentences, a review of punctuation, how to increase vocabulary, letters. Part two, usage: good use defined, standards of good use, barbarisms, improprieties, idiom and translation, grammar--good use in the sentence. Part three, diction: wordiness, right choice of words. Part four, rhetorical laws of the sentence and paragraph: clearness in sentences--unity, clearness in sentences--coherence, force in sentences, single paragraphs. Part five, whole composition: structure, summaries, original composition--literary laws, descriptive and narrative writing, expository and argumentative writing. The authors include a section of examples of "bad English" to teach correct usage, although they acknowledge this is controversial and suggest it may be omitted. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1864 printing of the 1864 copyrighted text. The preface states the methods of the text are the result of eight years of classroom experience and testing. The text is written as a teaching guide with advice on lessons and providing feedback to encourage composition in younger students. The text's method is to introduce composition through the presentation of various forms of writing rather than simplified rhetorical principles. These forms include letters (epistles), diary writing, news items, advertisements, and extempore writing. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1897 printing of 1897 copyrighted text. Scott is credited as Junior Professor of Rhetoric in the University of Michigan. Denney is credited as Professor of Rhetoric and English Language in Ohio State University. According to the preface, the authors have been guided by three considerations: desire for a closer union of rhetoric and composition at the secondary level; desire for a greater use of the paragraph in secondary composition; and the idea of a growing, living and kinetic discourse. Chapters include: external form of the paragraph, paragraph-structure, what to say, how to say it, in what order to say it, how much to say, what not to say. Five appendices include: directions for preparing manuscript, marks used in correcting, material for analysis and reproduction, subjects for essay, and capitals and punctuation. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1859 printing of 1859 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Formerly Principal of a Classical Academy, Baltimore. The text aims to provide the elementary principles of grammar more concisely than existing texts with fewer technical terms. The author claims his text is based on his teaching experience and a thorough examination and comparison of popular grammar texts. The text retains some necessary terminology, but has eliminated: dividing nouns into common and proper, the use of gender or person with nouns, the term case, the classification of verbs, and the use of moods. Additionally, the author replaces tense with time, creates a new system of tenses, provides a new definition of regular and irregular verbs, and uses the infinitive rather than the indicative as the governing mood. The lengthy introduction discusses twenty-seven changes made by the text. The text uses definitions/rules, examples, and examples for correction for most lessons. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the first 113 pages of the at least 128 page text.
1837 printing of the 1837 copyrighted text. Title page asserts this edition was abridged from a work preparing for publication. No information about the author is given. The preface explores many of what it argues are the faults with the rules of Murray's grammar, from which most contemporary grammar textbooks are derived. In its place, the author is working on a system of grammar termed the Architective, Constructive, or Structural System. It attempts to explain all the relations of words in the forms of speech, and its classifications are based on those relations. The preface says the work draws on, rebuts, or is in response to the works of Lowth, Cheever Felch, Rees, Cardell, Emerson and others.The Schultz Archive excerpt only includes preface and first few examples on nouns/verbs.
1842 printing of the 1841 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts and as Teach of the High School in Cambridge, Mass. The preface explains the text is mostly influenced by Murray's Grammar. It uses a clear and systematic order of parsing and explains its principles in simple language to make them understood by students. The Schultz Archive's copy includes preface, first and final chapters.
1822 printing of 1822 copyrighted text. For young learners (at least seven years old) in both families and schools. Designed to be progressive and aid memorization through exercises in parsing. The third in a series, following two that treat orthography. This text covers etymology and syntax. Focuses on hypothetical conversations, but also includes question/answer, examples, and exercises in parsing and false syntax. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1895 printing. Brown in the author of the annotations to this correlation of studies in elementary education. The committee members include William T. Harris (as the chairman), the United States Commissioner of Education; and superintendents from such localities as Kansas City, MO; Saint Paul, MN; Cleveland, OH; and Brooklyn, NY. The main sections are: correlation of studies; the course of study—educational values; the school program; methods and organization; and statements of dissent from some of the committee members. There is also an appendix titled: The Old Psychology vs. The New. Some of the topics covered in the first section are: logical order of topics and branches, symmetrical whole of studies in the world of human learning, psychological symmetry—the whole mind, correlations of pupil's course of study with the world in which he lives—his spiritual and natural environment. The annotations reflect on and evaluate the contents of the report. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
Parker is credited as Colonial Anglican clergyman at Boston, Second Bishop of Massachusetts, and supporter of Samuel Seabury of Connecticut. The title page states his correspondence has been calendared, summarized and indexed. The introduction states the volume will "enlarge our perspectives on the whole Colonial Church and the formation of the early National Church." The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1899 printing of the 1899 copyrighted work. Both authors are credited as Instructors in English at Vassar College. Buck has a Ph.D. from Michigan. Woodbridge has a Ph.D. from Yale. The preface emphasizes that students need a sense of a real audience for their writing as well as a subject they're interested in. The prefaces says the work includes few explicit directions on sentences and paragraphs. It offers Scott and Denney's Composition-Rhetoric as a guide for those. The work is organized in four chapters: the basis of exposition, the process of description, description in its relation to exposition, and definition in its relation to exposition. The text itself is quite discursive, providing lengthy discussions of the writing processes with analyzed examples. The lessons posit different subjects, writing situations, or audiences, while also usually asking students to observe and comment upon examples by distinguished authors that treat similar situations, subjects, audience, etc. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
1865 printing of the copyrighted 1865 text. The author is credited as the author of two other works on teaching. A guide on how to teach developing children with the "things around them." A presentation on the abilities and strengths of youth that might otherwise be ignored. The author of this text advocates education through the observation of familiar objects. His claim is that young children would learn all things more effectively if they were to learn by doing as opposed to learning through rote memorization and drilling of mechanics. It advocates for parents taking up the roll of aiding in children's intellectual development. The text offers a variety of potential learning experiences with familiar objects such as grocery shelves or animals and advances on to adult subject such as newspaper reform and partisan calumnies. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (except pages 132-33, which are missing). The text is legible, but some of the scans are low quality, which makes them difficult to read.
1839 printing, copyrighted 1839. The author has a Master of Arts degree and is credited at Professor of Belles Lettres in the High School of Philadelphia. Conceived as an alternative to texts which teach composition through an emphasis on words and phrases and neglect things, which form the substratum of thought. The text is a course of composition exercises on pictures and real objects. The work has three sections: Introductory Course of Easy Exercises, Structure of Sentences, and Figurative Language. The first section covers description of objects and scenes, subjects for description and narration, and narration of real and imaginary incidents. The second section covers parts of speech and exercises in composition focusing on qualities of style such as clearness, precision, strength, unity, and harmony. The book features many heavily detailed pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1839 printing, the second edition - stereotyped, copyrighted 1839. The author has a Master of Arts degree and is credited at Professor of Belles Lettres in the High School of Philadelphia. Conceived as an alternative to texts which teach composition through an emphasis on words and phrases and neglect things, which form the substratum of thought. The text is a course of composition exercises on pictures and real objects. The first edition of 3,000 copies sold out, prompting a second edition which included additions of pictures and a section on dialogue writing. The work has three sections: Introductory Course of Easy Exercises, Structure of Sentences, and Figurative Language. The first section covers description of objects and scenes, subjects for description and narration, and narration of real and imaginary incidents. The second section covers parts of speech and exercises in composition focusing on qualities of style such as clearness, precision, strength, unity, and harmony. The book features many heavily detailed pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1891 printing of the 1884 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher in the Children's Aid Society Schools in New York City. Influenced by Froebel's education by occupations, emphasizing experience and action in place of books and abstract thinking, in the spirit of the New Education. The chapters cover arithmetic, weights and measures, form and geography, color and form, language, busy work, miscellaneous, and slate work. The exercises in these subjects use ordered directions or operations and lists of questions. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1894 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Ph.D. from Leipsic and as Professor of the English Language in Wesleyan University. The preface explains the book is the result of teaching composition in secondary schools and college and aims to give brief practical suggestions to young writers (and is not a guide to English criticism). It puts special emphasis on the choice and treatment of themes, and the author argues that the study of composition should be combined with the study of literature, as the best models of English prose provide a standard for students to measure their writing against. The book is in two sections: theory and practice. Theory chapters cover words, sententences, paragraphs, the theme, the plan, kinds of composition (description, narration, exposition, argument, persuasion), composition and revision, and style. Practice chapters cover words, sententences, paragraphs, the theme, the plan, kinds of composition (description, narration, exposition, argument, persuasion), studies in literature, and punctuation. Excerpts from celebrated writers are used as illustrative examples. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1900 printing of 1900 Canadian copyrighted text. The author is credited with a MA and a PhD. A school composition book that features verses for memorization and short themes that lead to a mix of lessons and exercises in discussing, correcting, and reproducing text. Sections cover kinds of narration (household tales, fables, biblical stories, classical myths, stories from ancient history, medieval stories, modern history stories, incidents); letter forms (business, social); description (plants, animals, buildings, landscapes, nature phenomena, persons, games); description and narration (the short story); exposition (how things are made, machines, definition of terms); and argument (pure argument, persuasion) Some pictorial illustrations included. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete 222 page text.
Revised 1880 edition of the original 1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts. A grammar textbook written for beginning and advanced students. Part one covers technical grammar, sentence-making, and composition. Part two covers properties and modifications of different parts of speech. Part three is punctuation. Exercises in false syntax, guiding questions for descriptions of pictorial illustrations, fill in the blanks for words and phrases, and parsing and analysis (with diagrams for mapping sentences). The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts and as the author of "Practical Grammar of the English Language." A grammar textbook written for beginning and advanced students. Part one consists of model oral lessons, on subjects such as naming things, action-words, and word-picturing. Part two covers a more systematic arrangement of the classifications of grammar and includes questions and illustrative examples. Part three covers the properties and modifications of speech with models for parsing and analysis. Part two includes synthetic exercises, while part three has exercises in false syntax. Review questions are used. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts and as the author of Practical Grammar of the English Language. This elementary grammar is designed for both beginners and more advanced students. Part one of the text consists of model oral lessons, illustrating methods of elementary instruction in language culture. Part two develops ideas through intelligent questioning and appropriate illustration in a systematic manner, including synthetic exercises. Part three further covers the parts of speech with models for parsing and analysis of complex and compound sentences as well as rules of syntax and exercises in correcting false syntax. It aims to teach students to detect and correct inaccuracies. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 160 page text.
1846 fifth edition/printing of the 1843 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the author of District School Speaker. The text endeavors to find a more natural way of teaching grammar than to rely on the methods used for Latin and Greek. The text's first part is a plan for oral instruction. The second part covers the Eight Parts of Speech. The third part covers twelve rules of syntax, and contains lessons for parsing and the correction of false grammar. The Schultz Archive's copy only includes the preface.
Text copyrighted 1905. Previously copyrighted in 1903. Morrow is credited with a Master of Science and as Superintendent of Schools, Allegheny, PA. McLean is credited with a M.A. and as Principal of Luckey Schools, Pittsburgh, PA. Blaisdell is credited with a Ph.D. and as Professor of English in the Fifth Avenue Normal High School, Pittsburgh, PA. Preface states text is for 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders. For each of these years the text is broken into 10 weeks of observation lessons, 10 weeks study of pictures, 10 weeks study of stories and poem, and five weeks study of notes and letters. Each week's work contains four daily exercises in composition (oral or written) and one in elementary grammar. The preface credits the influence of Dr. E. E. White and Prof. L. A. Sherman. Preface states that it is most effective to teach students to speak and write with freedom unencumbered by rules. The grammar lessons are divided by year: 1st year, mechanics of writing; 2nd year, the sentence; 3rd year, the parts of speech. Text contains pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1869 printing of the 1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as the author of several titles on grammar. The preface claims that the teaching of language has been primarily focused on grammar and analysis rather than on expression. It attempts to weave the teaching of grammar with rhetoric and composition with a progressive series of exercises designed to develop skill in the use of words, in the construction of sentences, and in the finding of thoughts. It uses good models (in particular, excerpts from celebrated writers) rather than examples of errors. It covers style, descriptions, narration, exposition, persuasion, and varieties of compositions. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1889 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of Rhetoric in the Richmond High Schools, Richmond, VA. A practical treatise on rhetoric for the lower grades of high school. Includes a discussion of simple, complex, and compound sentences, as students still need this review of grammar (in part because their grammar instruction has been analytical rather than synthetical). Lessons include a section of reproduction and a section of development. The Reproductions furnishes material for practice of the discussed principles. The Developments section is a more advanced step, giving play to the imagination by supplying the details of a connected story, while also serving as a test of style. Chapters cover kinds of sentences, paragraphing, variety of expression, style, figures of speech, special properties of style, paraphrasing, kinds of prose composition, prosody and versification, and poetry. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, a few scattered pages, and pages 309 – 335 on prose composition.
1890 printing (83rd 1000) of the 1884 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of English Language and Literature in Ann Arbor High School. Chittenden's text seeks to provide young high school students with a primer of knowledge for the study of rhetoric. The author claims that the intention is to use as little theory as possible to teach the beginnings of correct writing. She details a fairly precise method that begins with the principles of English grammar and works through examples of literature, style, expression, letter-writing and more. Exercises in reproduction are designed to have students put good writing examples in their own words. Exercises in development provide students with detail, which they must then weave into a composition. Exercises in summary teach student to condense. Exercises in paraphrase teach students to rephrase with style. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text, except pages 122-23, and the scans are in good condition.
1871 printing of 1860 copyrighted text. The author has Master of Arts and is credited as the author of other books. Boyd explains that his composition textbook is a culling together of numerous preceding texts on the topic, specifically, recent English treatises by Williams, Smart, Neil, and Harrison, and the standard works of Blair, Campbell, and Jamieson. He has also consulted the grammars of Clark, Murray, Fowler, Bullions, Goold Brown, Spencer, Greene, Butler, Tower, Bailey, Covell, and Mulligan. He also credits Welche's Analysis of the English Sentence, Tower's Grammar of Composition, Quakenbos's First Lessons And Advanced Course, and Parker's Aids. He claims that his wealth of experience as a teacher on the subject has given him a deeper understanding of what is necessary in a composition textbook. This book works its way through the most minute aspects of composition (capitalization, parts of speech, punctuation, etc.) through to larger concerns (style, hyperbole, subject matter, etc.). For each section, there are detailed lessons and examples. The Schultz Archive includes the entire text; however, there are numerous pages that are repeated or missing. Also, highlighter obscures the readability of some text.
No printing date given. Copyrighted in 1859. The author is credited as having Master of Arts degree. Burtt professes that his grammar will be practical and clear for high school and college students who need to learn the basic principles of English grammar. The text begins with basic orthography and etymology and progress through syntax, among other principles, to arrive at the application of English grammar principles to prosody. Burtt's text offers numerous examples for students that he claims will make learning the principles of English grammar simple for any student. Questions and exercises are used throughout, including exercising in parsing. The syntax section has examples of false syntax to be corrected and samples for syntax analysis. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (although the cover page repeats and page 65 is partly blanked out). Aside from the previously mentioned issues, the text is in good condition.
The printing is indeterminable from the copy. The text was copyrighted in 1828. The author is credited as the Principal of the Mayhew Grammar School in Boston.
The text simplifies the principles of grammar for younger pupils and asks them apply those principals in series of progressive exercises in parsing. Organized by the four divisions: orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. It also includes a series of exercises in false grammar at the end. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text, but the original was apparently water damaged, such that throughout the text the bottom corners are dark and may be difficult or impossible to read.
1902 printing of the 1900 copyrighted work. The first high school course was initially published separately in 1899. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric and English Composition in Columbia University. This text by Carpenter builds on his previous Exercises in Rhetoric and English Composition that was published roughly 10 years prior. Based on the conclusions of the committees of ten and fifteen, the author is working from the conclusions that students in high school should received the same rhetorical training as those in college; that training should be at least two years; the first course should focus on words and the structure of sentences and paragraphs, and the second should focus on the main principles of exposition, narration, description, and (perhaps) argument; that students have abundant practice in applying principles; that correctness, clearness, directness, and simplicity of style should be emphasized. The author credits Barrett Wendell and F. N. Scott as influences. Exercises are provided throughout.The appendix also includes suggestions for "home reading" and "words frequently misused." The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (although it is missing pages 246-53), and it is good quality.
1844 printing of 1844 copyrighted text. The author has a Master of Arts degree and is principal of Black River L. and R. Institute. As indicated by the title, Boyd's compilation is a comprehensive examination of English composition as well as rhetoric, criticism, linguistic history and English literature. Each of the aforementioned sections is covered in great detail; for example, there are sections on spelling, composition style, kinds of composition, the origins of the English language and excerpts from American and British literature. Boyd's introduction indicates that his vast teaching experience has proven to him that there is not a comparable text that is so varied and comprehensive available to the typical English teacher and that such a text was necessary to avoid compiling numerous books for a single class. Some of works included in the compilation: Reid's Rudiments of English Composition, Connel's Catechism of Composition, Beattie's rhetoric, Blair's rhetoric, Montgomery's lectures on poetry and literature, Lacon, Dr. Spring's lectures, Dr. Cheever's lectures. Exercises are included throughout. The Schultz Archive includes the text in its entirety with only pages 242-43 missing. Otherwise, the text is in very good condition.
1859 printing of 1859 copyrighted work. The author is credited as Professor of English Literature in the University of Pennsylvania, Late Principal-Assistant Professor of "Ethics and English Studies" in the United States Military Academy at West Point. A textbook designed to be a complete overview of rhetoric, putting an emphasis the application of rhetorical philosophy to the practice of writing. The author credits the influence of Whately, Campbell, and Aristotle. The text discusses the history of rhetoric, Campbell's four divisions, the relations of rhetoric to aesthetics, division of poetry, oratorical discourses, other genres (history, biography, fiction, epistles), invention, argument, persuasion, arrangement, style, and qualities of style. The author uses illustrative examples from the bible and from modern English and American writers. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
New edition copyrighted 1884 of the 1878 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Doctor of Laws of English, as the President of the University of Lewisburg, and as author of The Science of Rhetoric. A compendium of rules for guidance in the art of writing. The prefaces argues that learners should first be assisted in finding a subject of thought, and then be shown how to accumlate, arrange, and express the ideas connected with the theme. Chapter one, Invention, contains sections on choice of subject, accumulation of materials, and arrangement of materials. Chapter two, Style, contains sections on diction (purity propriety, precision), sentences (concord, clearness, unity, energy, harmony), paragraphs, figures, and variation of expression. Chapter three, Punctuation and Capitals, covers grammatical points, rhetorical points, printer's marks, capital letters, and the correction of proofs. Chapter four, Criticism, covers taste and pleasure of taste. Chapter five, Special Forms of Composition, covers descriptions, narratives, letters, orations, and poems. The exercises includes sections for the first three chapters. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1850 printing of the 1850 copyrighted text. This text professes to elevate invention to the first rank in rhetorical instruction. It credits Whately as the only other recent author not to excluded invention, but states that he does so more narrowly than this work shall do. Secondly, it attempts to reduce of the principles of rhetoric to a more exact system,. The art of rhetoric is philosophically distinguishable from logic, grammar, aesthetics, poetry, and elocution, and it is not limited, as it is in Whately, to argumentation. Day argues that explanation and persuasion are large parts of rhetoric and distinguishable from argumentation. and the treatment of rhetoric as an art rather than a science. Thirdly, an emphasis on the practice of rhetoric as an art, and not merely a science, has resulted in the prescription of numerous exercises, and the inclusion of an appendix of themes for composition. The preface credits the influence of German writers Schott, Hoffmann, Richter, Eschenburg, Theremin, and Becker. The text it is divided into two parts: invention and style. Invention is further divided into explanation, confirmation, excitation, and persuasion. Style is divided into absolute properties, subjective properties, and objective properties. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1963 edition of text first published in 1891 as "Eight Lectures." A note by the author credits the influence of A. S. Hill, Professor Bain, Professor Genung, and Professor McElroy. It also states its new treatment is justified as none of the existing texts are quite simple enough for popular reading. The lectures cover: the elements and the qualities of style, words, sentences, paragraphs, whole compositions, clearness, force, elegance, and summary. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 316 page text.
1896 printing of 1889 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Master of Arts, (of) Ohio State University, and as the author of several other texts on various subjects. A manual for school work that is a sequel to ordinary grammar textbooks and an introduction to rhetoric. For a composition course that develops critical literary taste, habits of systematic investigation, and the power of expressing a train of thought in appropriate language. Subjects are progressive in arrangement and exercises are graduated. The exercises cover kinds of discourse: descriptive, narrative, and discursive. Paraphrasing, reproduction from memory, classification of thoughts, topical analysis, summarizing, punctuation, letter writing, and versification are also covered. The author credits the influence of Meiklejohn, Dagleish, Armstrong, Hiley, Reid, Monfries, Murison, Brewer, Laurie, Isbister, Leitch, Bardeen, Southworth, and Goddard. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 204 page text.
1884 printing of the revised American edition of Bain's rhetorical manual focused on style, structure, and modes. The copyright page states it was registered in 1866. Alexander Bain had a Master of Arts and was Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen. It states an interest in methodizing instruction in english composition, stating that little can be done to cultivate students' fund of expression, but that they can be taught to discriminate between good and bad expression. Rhetoric is defined as "the means whereby language, spoken or written, may be rendered effective." The text is divided into two parts. Part one deals with composition in general, particularly figures of speech, qualities of style, the sentence, and the paragraph. Part two deal with five kinds or modes of composition: description, narration (historical composition), exposition (science), oratory (persuasion), and poetry. Its rules and principles are accompanied with examples from canonical texts. It also includes analyzed extracts in its appendix. Although it has not been digitzed, the Schultz Archive's hardcopy is the complete text. It is identical to the 1887 printing (that is digitzed), excepting paratextual advertisements.
1887 printing of the revised American edition. The copyright page states it was registered in 1866. Alexander Bain had a Master of Arts and was Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen. It states an interest in methodizing instruction in english composition, stating that little can be done to cultivate students' fund of expression, but that they can be taught to discriminate between good and bad expression. Rhetoric is defined as "the means whereby language, spoken or written, may be rendered effective." The text is divided into two parts. Part one deals with composition in general, particularly figures of speech, qualities of style, the sentence, and the paragraph. Part two deal with five kinds or modes of composition: description, narration (historical composition), exposition (science), oratory (persuasion), and poetry. Its rules and principles are accompanied with examples from canonical texts. It also includes analyzed extracts in its appendix. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
1887 printing of the enlarged edition of the first part of Bain's English Composition and Rhetoric. Alexander Bain is a Doctor of Laws of English and Emeritus Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen.The first part, Intellectual Elements of Style (included here), is focused on "Elements of Style that concern the understanding." The second part is about the "emotional qualities." This "re-modeling" is designed to narrow the scope and devote more attention to certain portions chosen for their utility. Its topics are order of words; number of words; the sentence; the paragraph; figures of speech; and the qualities of style: clearness, simplicity, impressiveness, and picturesqueness. Bain states that these topics are expounded, exemplified, and applied to the arts of criticism and composition. Bain has somewhat reordered the contents that was previously sectioned under the kinds of composition (description, narration, exposition, oratory). The Schultz Archive copy is the complete text of part first of the enlarged edition.
1892 printing of 1892 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a Ph.D and as Professor in the School of Pedagogy, University of the City of New York. The introduction breaks the text down into punctuation, reproductions, inventions, short papers, letter-writing, and essay writing from outlines. Copying is recommended for exercises, the reproductions are to be rewritten from memory, the inventions take the form of interrupted stories. The chapters are punctuation, variety of expression, variety of sentence-form, paraphrase and abstract, essentials of sentence structure, figurative language, letter-writing, diction, essay-writing, common errors, and capitals. The appendices cover rules for punctuation, marks used in correcting compositions, additional material for compositions, and brief biographical notes. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1913 printing of the 1912 copyrighted second edition. The first edition was copyrighted in 1909. The first three authors are credited with a Ph.D. and the last two are credited with an M.A. All are "of the Department of English Composition in the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University." A set of directions for good writing with a varied and extensive collection of examples drawn from all forms of discourse. Preface discusses exposition, argument, description, and narrative, and these categories serve as the different sections of the text. The introduction states that writing is a triple problem, requiring straight thinking, adequate expression, and good form. Chapters cover topics such as unity, coherence, emphasis, the paragraph, the sentence, the right word, the brief, the forms of evidence, development of full argument from brief, description, simple narrative, and the story. The appendices cover: connectives, exercises in sentence structure, exercises in the use of words, specimen brief, specimens of fallacious argument, exercises in description, exercises in narrative writing, punctuation, spelling, and a list of books. The example texts include political figures and well known literary authors. The Schultz Archive's copy contains the preface, the introduction, and the TOC.
1864 printing of 1862 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Master of Arts, as Principal of the Collegiate Schools, NY, and as the author of several other texts. A new and distinct system of grammar that combines practice with theory and example with precept to make the subject more interesting and teachable. The book contains fifty one short lessons, each followed by an exercise. Words are classified as parts of speech solely according to their use. A simple method of analyzing sentences is also presented as are sections on punctuation, rhetorical figures, and prosody. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete 288 page text.
Stated as the tenth edition on the cover page. Reverend R. W. Bailey is stated as having a Master of Arts degree and in the preface it states he taught English youth for over thirty years. Bailey's English Grammar is a fairly standard grammar handbook from the nineteenth century. The author acknowledges the myriad grammar handbooks that precede his own, but explains that his book serves as a kind of aggregate of such manuals. It divides grammar into four parts: orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. It gives three classes of words: nouns, verbs, and adverbs. The handbook includes fairly detailed sections on many of the parts of speech. It says its method of parsing is analytic rather than synthetic, but philosophic and inductive. The end of each section has a review. The preface states an interest in a pure English. The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt (the cover page, preface, contents and a few snippets of text), but they are good quality.
1827 printing of 1826 copyrighted text. The author is credited as an M.D. and as author of Outlines in Botany and as Principal of Cincinnati Female Academy. A grammar written for children's capacities that doesn't rely on memorization and parsing. The text maintains the definitions of Murray, but precedes each with a lesson written as a dialogue to prepare students for the definition. Follows Pestalozzi's method of object teaching where expression follows the ideas. Schultz Archive copy includes preface and a few pages on orthography and composition.
1922 printing of text previously printed in the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education, Bulletin, 1921, No. 12. A dissertation from the University of Chicago on the study of English grammar in American education before 1850. The study aims to trace the course of the rise and fall of grammar teaching, including the changing educational ideals and theories. It also aims to systematically arrange the varying methods of instruction used from 1750 to 1850 and relate these to changing views of grammar. It further aims to show how grammar was interrelated with declamation, oratory, composition, and literature. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
New edition with additions copyrighted 1857. Prior edition copyrighted 1829. Advertisement claims this is the eleventh edition. An update to the author's popular text based in advances to philological learning. This new edition has omitted the corrections and provincialisms (as they contribute to memorization of errors). An article on rhetoric, "On beauty and sublimity in writing" by Professor A. Mills has been added. The original text aims for simplicity appropriate for children (particularly in its explanation of principles) and uses the author's novel systematic order of parsing. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
The thirteenth edition corrected and much improved, printed in 1823, copyrighted in 1821. No information on the author is given. The preface says the work has been abridged and arranged the definitions and rules (to be committed to memory) so as not to overburden the pupil. Repetition and parsing exercises are used to aid the teaching. Exercises in correcting false syntax are also used. The work is sectioned orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Corrections for the false syntax exercises are included in the appendix. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1845 printing of 1845 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as the Principal of the Philadelphia High School and a member of the American Philosophical Society. The text has sections on orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. The syntax section is divided into fifteen different rules covering subject, agreement, government, apposition, and construction. The Schultz Archive copy includes only the TOC and pages 48 and 49, as well as a note on the four kinds of type used.
1894 printing of 1887 copyrighted text. The author is credited with an M.A. and as Professor of the Theory, History, and Practice of Education in the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. The preface states the text has material for four years of study and one year of training college for pupil-teachers. It also suggests its use in colleges, ladies' seminaries, high schools, academies, preparatory and normal schools. The text aims for simplicity and clearness. Part one's chapters cover orthography, etymology, words and their functions, syntax, analysis, word-building and derivation, word-branching, words derived from names of persons and places, words disguised in form, and words that have changed in meaning. Part two covers composition, punctuation, figures of speech, paraphrasing, prosody exercises and exam questions. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, and the section on composition from part two.
1892 printing of 1887 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Instructor of English in Cornell University. The text addresses the problems with the field's focus on philology and the quality of instruction in writing in the English language. The text argues students need a grounding in the inflections of English, should be taught English style, and should be constantly and rigorously drilled in composition. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete 28 page text, with additional advertisements.
1988 printing of 1877 text, new matter copyrighted 1988. Introduction discusses the publication history of the text, and explicates some of Whitney's insights and innovations. The intro compares Whitney's text to the writings of his contemporaries, such as E. A. F. Maetzner, Samuel Greene, John Ash, Thomas Harvey, and Alonzo Reed and Brainerd Kellogg. Whitney's preface states that the pursuit of correctness in writing should be a secondary or subordinate purpose, and is best sought indirectly. It advocates constant use and practice, under never-failing watch and correction. Schultz Archive copy includes Downey's introduction, the original preface, TOC, and the first 23 pages of the text.
1888 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the author of Good Manners. Preface states that letter writing has been declared a lost art and that this text contains models of letters for every occasion that would demand correspondence. Contents includes letters on broken business engagement, declining to recommend, inquiring about a house to rent, excusing a pupil's absence, request for loan of money, recommending a governess, from lady to clergyman asking reference, form of a will, courtship and marriage, friendship, condolence, requesting favors, regrets and apology, etc. The book also contains a short section on the art of letter writing and a list of rules. The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, the first few pages on the art of letter writing and the rules, and a selection of pages related to correspondence concerning children.
1887 printing of the 1886 copyrighted text. The author is credited as the author of Arithmetic for Young Children. Willard Scott is the editor of this American edition. The introduction explains that this book contains exercises for children too young to read or write. The exercises involve examining objects to develop attention, memory, judgment, and invention. The book provides instructions for teachers on how to conduct conversations with children about the objects in the lessons. The book has three parts: exercises on familiar objects, practical exercises for the senses and hand, exercises for the body for young children. The exercises include questions to ask children and activities for them to perform (with detailed directions). The book also includes a few illustrations to guide students in their exercises. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
Revised edition, 1904 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Principal of the George G. Meade Grammar School. Preface begins by acknowledging that textbooks don't succeed in teaching grammar, providing students with examples of false syntax is unproductive, students learn language outside the classroom, so in the classroom they should be given correct forms of use. The work has 280 exercises using pictorial illustrations; questions; prompting statements, paragraphs to be summarized or paraphrased; words to be described, defined, rearranged, or used in sentences; fill in the blanks; and other prompts for writing and phrase combining. The book credits school periodicals as sources for its exercises, such as Canadian School Journal, the New England Journal of Education, and the School Journal Intelligence. A handbook that emphasizes a wide assortment of exercises for grammar practice.
1897 printing (the sixth edition, revised and enlarged) of the 1891 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Professor of Rhetoric and English Composition in Columbia College (University?); formerly Associate Professor of English in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Carpenter claims that the exigency of his text is the fact that most students learn more easily from the comments the instructor makes because her/his examples are familiar to the student and s/he uses literature that is more relevant to the students than what is usually found in texts. Each section contains a fairly detailed exercise that includes explanations, examples and systematic exercises for the students. The exercises often emphasize correcting errors. The chapters cover words, sentences, paragraphs, whole compositions, qualities of style (clearness, force, elegance). Barrett Wendell is credited as a primary influence. Wendell, McElroy, A. S. Hill, David Salmon, and Genung are referenced. The Schultz Archive only includes brief excerpts, but they are good quality.
No information on edition or printing is given on the copy. The author, Charles Sears Baldwin, is a Ph.D. and an instructor in rhetoric in Yale University. This manual for first term college students is divided into three parts: the composition as a whole, the paragraph, and the sentence. Intended to prepare and supplement writing knowledge before more special courses, Baldwin's college composition text is intended only to provide students with a structural system for composition. Baldwin advocates not writing strictly by rules; rather, he suggests a basic understanding of the principles of composition. In the introduction he states there are four kinds of writing: description, narration, persuasion, and exposition. This book focuses on applying its principles exclusively to exposition. It further advocates that its rules of construction be applied in the process of revision. It uses familiar terms such as unity, coherence, clearness, and emphasis. The Schultz Archive includes the text in its entirety, and the quality of the text is high.
1841 printing of the 1841 copyrighted text. The preface explains that too much emphasis has been given to teaching children facts and not enough to teaching morality. The stories in this collection are meant to teach children morals in simple enough language for them to understand. The collection contains 28 different stories with titles such as Carelessness, Anger, Candor, and the Fruits of Infidelity. Other stories have titles such as Snakes, More about Birds, and The Holiday. The text contains a few illustrations, but they are dark and details are difficult to make out. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1855 printing of the 1855 copyrighted text. Part of the publisher's National School Series. No information about the author is provided. Brookfield's text seeks to create a gradual curriculum of composition that begins with the cultivation of thought as well as the expression of thought. It argues style must grow with the student, rather than be something imitated from distinguished authors. It cultivates observation, uses subjects familiar to students, and offers outlines in the form of a series of questions. Other hints and suggestions are also provided. The first lesson is on composition in general, lesson two discusses description. Following these are subjects for description, beginning with objects in division one, moving to more complex objects and scenarios in division two, and then grander scenes in division three. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text; however, there are faded areas of text that make it difficult to read.
Copyrighted 1894. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts and as Superintendent of Public Instruction, Brooklyn, NY. This text uses an inductive method and is designed in three parts for use over the course of three years of schooling, beginning as early as the third year of primary school. The first part contain exercises for constructing simple sentences. The second part requires students to construct sentence and to distinguish the sentence's parts. The third part begins generalization and continues analysis and synthesis of typical sentences with attention paid to irregular verbs. Exercises in composition with narratives and description are used in conjunction with the sentence and word forms. Models are provided for imitation. Exercises provide forms of sentences and the words to be employed. Some pictorial illustrations are included. Some poems are also included for appreciation. The author credits the influence of German language books by Baron, Junghann, and Schindler. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.