1828 printing, the second edition, copyrighted 1827. Short book focusing on exercises etymological and syntactical parsing that grow in difficulty over each chapter. The work attempts to make the study of English grammar easier through classification of the forms of English construction. It is to be used after students have committed the rules of grammar to memory. There are forty lessons in all. Some use quotations by distinguished authors. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
An American 19th century abridgment of 18th century textbook on literary criticism by the Scottish Enlightenment scholar Henry Home, Lord Kames. Explores the role of human nature in literary composition and criticism, particularly the emotions and passions. The original was published in 1762. Includes review questions.
1855 printing of the 1854 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Associate Principal of the Collegiate School in New York, and as the author of First Lessons in Composition. Based on the same plan as the author's book for younger students, First Lessons in Composition, this text is meant for students in colleges and higher academies. The preface boasts its merits are its clearness and simplicity, its variety of subjects and their connections, and the practicality of its exercises. The sections cover the history of the English language; punctuation; rhetoric--with sections on taste, the imagination, the sublime, the beautiful, wit, humor, figurative language, varieties of style, and criticism; prose composition--with sections on invention, amplification, metaphorical language, climax and anithesis, paraphrasing, description, narration, letters, fiction, orations, etc; and poetical composition. Collection of rules and exercises, beginning with history of English language and punctuation until building up to poetry. It credits the influence of Blair, Burke, and Alison. Illustrative textual examples are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1844 printing of the 1844 copyrighted text. The title page says the book is designed as a sequel to Progressive Exercises in English Composition. As with its predecessor, this text seeks to address two primary obstacles for student writers: obtaining ideas and expressing ideas. The author's approach to obtaining ideas is based on what he terms the principle of association. The exercises herein are not presented as a progressive course, but rather are meant to be selected by teachers as they deem useful. The material varies from sample sentences for punctuation practice, to models of the various kinds of compositions, to long lists of subjects for different kinds of compositions. There are seventy-five lessons in all. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
A collection of models and techniques for improving letter writing techniques. Features general and specific topics (ex: A Father to his Daughter, Refusing his Consent to an Early Marriage) as well as identifying famous professional letter-writers.
1870 printing of the 1869 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Assistant Superintendent of Schools in Brooklyn, NY and has a Doctor of Laws in English (LL. D.). The prefaces says the work has three parts. The first part covers sentence structure with familiar examples and makes references to Bullions's grammar. The second part gives selections for analysis and parsing. The third part gives practical methods in composition (as opposed to "tiresome exercises" or the laws of rhetoric). The Schultz Archive's copy only contains part III: Composition, which contains: framing sentences, copying, dictations exercises, reproduction, impromptu composition, paraphrase, variety of expression, criticism, the essay, letter writing, style, choice of words (perspicuity, purity, propriety, and precision), structure of sentences, and figurative language.
1867 printing of the 1867 copyrighted work: a reconstruction of Elements of the Art of Rhetoric (1850). The author is credited as the author of books on logic, grammar, composition, and rhetorical praxis. The preface states Elements of the Art of Rhetoric was distinct for elevating invention to the first rank in rhetorical instruction, reduction of the principles of rhetoric to a more exact system, and the treatment of rhetoric as an art rather than a science. This text made changes to make stronger relations between rhetoric and logic and aesthetics, fuller develop the processes of explanation, and the more exact classification of style. A treatise and textbook on rhetoric, it is divided into two parts: invention and style. Invention is further divided into explanation, confirmation, excitation, and persuasion. Style is divided into absolute properties, subjective properties, and objective properties. Discourse is discussed as oratory, epistolary composition, poetry, representative discourse, judicial, deliberative and sacred. Exercises are used throughout. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
Ninth edition/printing (no year) of the 1867 copyrighted text. Day is credited as the author of Logic, Rhetoric, and Rhetorical Praxis. The book is based on Day's rhetoric that argues thought (and forms of thought) is the starting point for teaching rhetoric, composition, and grammar rather than style and form of language. Emphasis is put on teaching methods of thought and study with accompanying exercises. Definitions and principles are here given in their simplest forms. Introductory exercises cover parts of speech, such as sentences, clauses, and words. The next section, the Art of Composition, is divided into simple objects, principal elements fo the sentence, modifying elements, abnormal forms, construction, analysis, symbolism of thought, and explanation. Oral and written exercises are included throughout, including exercises in correction. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1895 printing of 1895 copyrighted text. The publisher preface informs the reader that the author is the chief-proofreader in one of the largest book publishers in New York. Bowden asserts in the preface to his grammar that his contribution to the realm of grammar handbooks will be one that avoids unnecessary material that detracts from the learning process and one that establishes a beneficial system of classification to lessen the need for rote memorization, both of which he argues are failings of the preceding grammar handbooks. The text covers etymology, syntax and prosody-punctuation, establishing classifications for each. Exercises follow the sections on syntax and punctuation. The Schultz Archive only includes an excerpt of the title page, contents, author's preface and publisher's preface. The scans are good quality, but some highlighter obscures text.
1870 printing of the 1870 copyrighted text, a revised edition of the Common School Grammar, and Introductory to the Practical Grammar.The author is credited as Peter Bullions, Doctor of Divinity, and the author of the Series of English, Latin, and Greek Grammars, and Latin and Greek Readers. Bullions's School Grammar is designed to have a high level of practicality for the students who use the text. In the preface, the author identifies the primary audience for this text to be young students who do not have time to devote to more detailed grammar handbooks. The text is organized into orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody (prosody is very brief). Emphasis is put on comprehension and application. Within each lesson, explanations are followed with illustrations, then observations, questions, and exercises in application. The teacher is instructed to supplement the text as necessary with any information that s/he does not find in this book. The Schultz Archive includes a mostly complete text with a number of issues. The scans are mostly legible, but there are a number of pages that are repeated, missing, out of order or upside down.
1873 printing of the 1873 copyrighted text. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts degree, as Principal of the Ralston School in Pittsburgh, and as the author of two other books on grammar. Burtt's Primary Grammar is intended to be a supplemental work for his text Practical Grammar. Primary Grammar, Burtt professes, will simply and practically present the basics of English grammar by providing definitions, exercises, examples, models and questions to assist in the application of parsing and other grammatical concerns. The text advocates students be required to recite answers in complete sentences. The work has three sections: introduction, parts of speech, and analysis of sentences. The analysis of sentences section has false syntax for correcting and examples for parsing and analysis. The Schultz Archive includes up to page 49, where it abruptly ends, and the scans are all good quality.
No information on the printing is provided. The copyright is 1827. The author is credited as the author of two other books on grammar. It is designed for the youngest learners or those who need an easy introduction before moving on to a "larger treatise," such as the author's The First Lines of English Grammar and The Institutes of English Grammar (both of which are also included in the Schultz Archive). Its method is a systematic mode of parsing and memorization, adapted to the monitorial method of instruction and any method where the book is the principal source of information. It covers orthography, etymology, and syntax. The parsing exercises are followed by question and answer dialogues, presumably to be memorized by the students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text, and it is in good quality.
No printing information given. Copyrighted 1857. No information on the author is provided. As the lengthy title suggests, Chesterfield's text is directed at any student who wants or needs to learn how to compose an effective letter. The author claims that the book may prove useful for students young and old, as well as for students who wish to learn to write polite letters for society or business letters for monetary purposes. No matter the student or cause, Chesterfield claims that all people may benefit from an increased knowledge of how to write letters. The text offers instruction on all aspects of letters, including grammar, style, arrangement, concluding, and more. Examples of different genres of letter are provided, such as business or love letters. The Schultz Archive includes the complete letter-writing section (with the exception of pages 50-51 and 58-59), but the text seems to continue beyond the letter-writing portion. Some highlighter obscures text throughout, but the quality is good nonetheless.
1842 printing of 1842 copyrighted text. The second part is for grammar schools, while the first part is for preparatory schools (and includes illustrative engravings).The text rejects the old system of grammar of Murray. It claims to be a proper conservative grammar written for those English speakers who will not study other languages, addressed to the understanding and not the memory. It covers classes of English words (with tables of examples), rules for sentence construction, analysis and parsing, rules of syntax, and includes review questions Includes practical exercises to illustrate every principle and is arranged to explain the differences between its system and the old system. Credits the influence of Wallis, Harris, Horne Tooke, Gilchrist, and Crombie. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the entire text of the second part.
1809 printing. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Principal of Baltimore College. This text is written in a question and answer form for the benefit of both students and instructors. Rhetoric is defined to be the quintessence of all that is excellent in Belle Lettre and classical and literary composition. The topics covered include taste, criticism, genius, sublimity, beauty, novelty, imitation, style, sentence structure, harmony, figurative language, kinds of poetry, characters of prose, classical argument, and Stirling's definitions of tropes and figures of rhetoric. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1902 copyrighted text. Kavana is credited as Teacher of English in the Medill High School in Chicago. Beatty is credited as Instructor in English in the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Designed as a three year course for high school students, this text emphasizes technique and the studio method, using literature as the subject matter to avoid teaching rhetoric and composition as abstract science or mechanical detail. The first year is narration and description separately and then combined. The second year is exposition with narration and description with an emphasis on the book review, historical and biographical essays, and the nature sketch. The third year is argumentation and persuasion as found in debate, oration, and drama. It includes exercises in punctuation, word choice, and sentence structure. Themes are drawn from life and students are encouraged to choose their own subjects. Pictorial illustrations are included. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1899 printing of the 1899 copyrighted text. Herrick is credited as Assistant Professor of English in the University of Chicago. Damon is credited as Instructor in English in the University of Chicago. Preface argues students should first be encouraged to write freely and taught habits of thought and invention before subjecting them to criticism. Part one is meant for a first year course with this approach in mind. Parts two thru four are intended for a second year course to systematically drill the students in the principles of rhetoric. Part five may be included in the second year or later. The chapters in part one, preliminary work: composition--oral and written, what to write about, development of subjects, dividing subjects into paragraphs, building sentences, a review of punctuation, how to increase vocabulary, letters. Part two, usage: good use defined, standards of good use, barbarisms, improprieties, idiom and translation, grammar--good use in the sentence. Part three, diction: wordiness, right choice of words. Part four, rhetorical laws of the sentence and paragraph: clearness in sentences--unity, clearness in sentences--coherence, force in sentences, single paragraphs. Part five, whole composition: structure, summaries, original composition--literary laws, descriptive and narrative writing, expository and argumentative writing. The authors include a section of examples of "bad English" to teach correct usage, although they acknowledge this is controversial and suggest it may be omitted. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1864 printing of the 1864 copyrighted text. The preface states the methods of the text are the result of eight years of classroom experience and testing. The text is written as a teaching guide with advice on lessons and providing feedback to encourage composition in younger students. The text's method is to introduce composition through the presentation of various forms of writing rather than simplified rhetorical principles. These forms include letters (epistles), diary writing, news items, advertisements, and extempore writing. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1837 printing of the 1837 copyrighted text. Title page asserts this edition was abridged from a work preparing for publication. No information about the author is given. The preface explores many of what it argues are the faults with the rules of Murray's grammar, from which most contemporary grammar textbooks are derived. In its place, the author is working on a system of grammar termed the Architective, Constructive, or Structural System. It attempts to explain all the relations of words in the forms of speech, and its classifications are based on those relations. The preface says the work draws on, rebuts, or is in response to the works of Lowth, Cheever Felch, Rees, Cardell, Emerson and others.The Schultz Archive excerpt only includes preface and first few examples on nouns/verbs.
1842 printing of the 1841 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts and as Teach of the High School in Cambridge, Mass. The preface explains the text is mostly influenced by Murray's Grammar. It uses a clear and systematic order of parsing and explains its principles in simple language to make them understood by students. The Schultz Archive's copy includes preface, first and final chapters.
1899 printing of the 1899 copyrighted work. Both authors are credited as Instructors in English at Vassar College. Buck has a Ph.D. from Michigan. Woodbridge has a Ph.D. from Yale. The preface emphasizes that students need a sense of a real audience for their writing as well as a subject they're interested in. The prefaces says the work includes few explicit directions on sentences and paragraphs. It offers Scott and Denney's Composition-Rhetoric as a guide for those. The work is organized in four chapters: the basis of exposition, the process of description, description in its relation to exposition, and definition in its relation to exposition. The text itself is quite discursive, providing lengthy discussions of the writing processes with analyzed examples. The lessons posit different subjects, writing situations, or audiences, while also usually asking students to observe and comment upon examples by distinguished authors that treat similar situations, subjects, audience, etc. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
1865 printing of the copyrighted 1865 text. The author is credited as the author of two other works on teaching. A guide on how to teach developing children with the "things around them." A presentation on the abilities and strengths of youth that might otherwise be ignored. The author of this text advocates education through the observation of familiar objects. His claim is that young children would learn all things more effectively if they were to learn by doing as opposed to learning through rote memorization and drilling of mechanics. It advocates for parents taking up the roll of aiding in children's intellectual development. The text offers a variety of potential learning experiences with familiar objects such as grocery shelves or animals and advances on to adult subject such as newspaper reform and partisan calumnies. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (except pages 132-33, which are missing). The text is legible, but some of the scans are low quality, which makes them difficult to read.
1839 printing, copyrighted 1839. The author has a Master of Arts degree and is credited at Professor of Belles Lettres in the High School of Philadelphia. Conceived as an alternative to texts which teach composition through an emphasis on words and phrases and neglect things, which form the substratum of thought. The text is a course of composition exercises on pictures and real objects. The work has three sections: Introductory Course of Easy Exercises, Structure of Sentences, and Figurative Language. The first section covers description of objects and scenes, subjects for description and narration, and narration of real and imaginary incidents. The second section covers parts of speech and exercises in composition focusing on qualities of style such as clearness, precision, strength, unity, and harmony. The book features many heavily detailed pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.