1900 printing of the 1899 copyrighted text. William B. Cairns is credited as having a Ph.D. and as Instructor in English in the University of Wisconsin. A thorough guide that divides its focus on style and invention. Cairns's text seeks to teach rhetoric in a familiar way without introducing new terms or definitions. He argues principles are dependent on usage and that style and invention should be treated together. Style and invention have independent sections, but each contain cross references to the other. Long illustrative texts are used rather than scattered short ones and appear at the end of chapters. Part one, style, has two chapters: Language determined by usage, and language adapted to the Needs of the reader. The first covers spelling, grammar, and word usage. Chapter two covers qualities of style (clearness, force, ease, unity) and a section of qualities expressed in full sentences. Part 2, invention, has chapters on narration, description, exposition, argumentation, and persuasion. The prefaces credits Genung and A. S. Hill as influences.The Schultz Archive includes the complete text, and the scans are fairly good quality.
No printing information is given. The copyright date is 1913. Thomas H. Briggs is Instructor of English in Teachers College at Columbia University. Isabel McKinney is Teach of English in the Eastern Illinois State Normal School. The book states it is designed to furnish material for a two year (high school) course, to be followed by "rhetoric of the conventional type" or "work on the collection and organization of material." It emphasizes good composition over the four types. The chapters are: sincerity, good form, definiteness, interest (including a section on writing various forms of letters/epistles), unity, variety, and coherence. The appendix has sections on symbols for grading/correcting, words often confused, parts of verbs misused, and misspelled words. It includes oral and written exercises for students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (albeit with pages 13-14 and 186-87 missing), and the text is in good condition.