1854 printing of the 1853 copyrighted text, a new revised and corrected edition.The author is credited as Reverend P. Bullions, Doctor of Divinity, and the author of the Series of Grammars, Greek, Latin, and English, on the Same Plan. The work is divided into orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Definitions and rules are meant to committed to memory, some illustrations may be provided, questions follow to be answered by the students, then exercises in parsing are given. The book seeks to combine the principles of grammar with the principles of composition. Not for students older than twelve or fourteen. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
This new edition, revised, re-arranged, and improved was published in 1851 and copyrighted in 1851. The author is credited as Reverend P. Bullions, Doctor of Divinity, Late Professor of Languages in the Albany Academy, and the author of the Series of Grammars, Greek, Latin, and English, on the Same Plan. (Making the teaching of these grammars the same is part of Bullions' method.) Bullions claims that this work intends to do more than summarize the foundational work of Murray's grammar. The author also credits the influence of Lennie, Angus, Connel, Grant, Crombie, Hiley, and Beck. Grammar is both a science and an art, according to the author. He attempts to make the principles of English grammar accessible to young students through the use of definitions to be committed to memory and numerous examples, such as examples of false syntax for correction. The text is divided into orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. The art of composition is given a handful of pages in the prosody section. The Schultz Archive only includes a very brief excerpt of the title page, preface and table of contents. The scans are good quality, but there is some highlighter throughout that obscures some text.
1851 printing of the 1851 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Reverend P. Bullions, Doctor of Divinity and the author of the Series of Grammars, Greek, Latin, and English, on the Same Plan. Bullions's Progressive Exercises text is intended to give students an opportunity to apply what they have learned in his Principles of English Grammar grammar handbook to distinguished literary works. The does, however, have directions for analysis and parsing on paged 5 thru 29.The short work includes selections of poetry and prose that the students are expected to analyze and parse in order to exercise the principles that they previously learned. As such, this text is a supplementary work that is not expected to stand alone. The Schultz Archive includes everything up to page 73, where the text abruptly ends. The scans are good quality, however.
Excerpts from the 1882 printing of the work, copyrighted 1882. Revised from Brown's 1856 revised text. Goold Brown is credited as the author of The Grammar of English Grammar. Henry Kiddle has a Master of Arts degree and is credited as the Late Superintendent of Common Schools in New York City. Brown's textbook is a thorough grammar handbook that is designed for use by anyone who needs instruction in English grammar. Brown works from the basis that language is the foundation of thought and that it should be taught as such. The authors thoughts on teaching and composition are laid out in the preface. The book is sectioned into orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Exercises follow rules, review questions end each chapter. The orthography chapter also has exercises for writing at its end. The etymology and syntax chapters have exercises in analysis, parsing, and construction. Prosody is divided into punctuation, utterance, figures, versification, and exercises in scanning. Appendix one covers composition and letter-writing/epistles. Appendix two covers qualities of style: purity, propriety, precision, perspicuity, unity, and strength. Appendix three covers poetic diction. Appendix four has the answer key to examples of false syntax for correction. The Schultz Archive only includes excerpts, but does include the lengthy preface and contents in their entirety. The text is largely good quality, but some highlighter does obscure text and some pages are slightly cut off.
This new and revised edition was printed in 1883 and is an abridged version of the Institutes of Grammar published the previous year (1882). It was originally revised by Goold Brown in 1855. Goold Brown is credited as the author of The Grammar of English Grammar. Henry Kiddle has a Master of Arts degree and is credited as the Late Superintendent of Common Schools in New York City. According to the title page, Kiddle's contribution "arranged to form a series of language lessons, with exercises in analysis, parsing, and construction." The book is section into orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. Exercises follow rules, Review questions end each chapter. The syntax chapter uses false syntax examples to be corrected. Prosody is divided into punctuation, utterance, composition and letter-writing/epistles. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (pages 136-37 repeat). The scans are good quality.
No information on the printing is provided. The copyright is 1827. The author is credited as the author of two other books on grammar. It is designed for the youngest learners or those who need an easy introduction before moving on to a "larger treatise," such as the author's The First Lines of English Grammar and The Institutes of English Grammar (both of which are also included in the Schultz Archive). Its method is a systematic mode of parsing and memorization, adapted to the monitorial method of instruction and any method where the book is the principal source of information. It covers orthography, etymology, and syntax. The parsing exercises are followed by question and answer dialogues, presumably to be memorized by the students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text, and it is in good quality.
1855 printing of the 1855 copyrighted text. Part of the publisher's National School Series. No information about the author is provided. Brookfield's text seeks to create a gradual curriculum of composition that begins with the cultivation of thought as well as the expression of thought. It argues style must grow with the student, rather than be something imitated from distinguished authors. It cultivates observation, uses subjects familiar to students, and offers outlines in the form of a series of questions. Other hints and suggestions are also provided. The first lesson is on composition in general, lesson two discusses description. Following these are subjects for description, beginning with objects in division one, moving to more complex objects and scenarios in division two, and then grander scenes in division three. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text; however, there are faded areas of text that make it difficult to read.
1853 printing of 1853 copyright text that has been revised and adapted for the use of schools in the United States. The is credited as Reverend Dr. Brewer of Trinity Hall, Cambridge University, and as the author of books on scientific knowledge and Roman history. A guide to English composition based on a vast number of themes referencing history and literature. It's first part contains themes missing either the moral inference or the conclusion. The second part contains themes missing the introduction and historical illustrations. The third part contains themes in which "every division is omitted except the six or eight reasons and the quotations." (The main claims and quotations are provided, and the student is expected to write them together.) The fourth part contains additional subjects for exercise in English, French, Italian, and Latin. There are 200 themes in all. The book is similar to Walker's The Tutor's Assistant. The book suggests methods of use for "the very young," those between eleven and thirteen, and older, advanced students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text, and it is in fairly good shape. There are a few highlighter marks that obscure text throughout.
No printing information is given. The copyright date is 1913. Thomas H. Briggs is Instructor of English in Teachers College at Columbia University. Isabel McKinney is Teach of English in the Eastern Illinois State Normal School. The book states it is designed to furnish material for a two year (high school) course, to be followed by "rhetoric of the conventional type" or "work on the collection and organization of material." It emphasizes good composition over the four types. The chapters are: sincerity, good form, definiteness, interest (including a section on writing various forms of letters/epistles), unity, variety, and coherence. The appendix has sections on symbols for grading/correcting, words often confused, parts of verbs misused, and misspelled words. It includes oral and written exercises for students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (albeit with pages 13-14 and 186-87 missing), and the text is in good condition.
No printing information is given. The copyright year is 1856. The author has many years in the business of teaching, according to the preface. Language relates to human nature and grammar is the science of language, according to the author. Bradbury's grammar handbook works through lessons on English grammar from a very basic starting point. The chapters visible on the table of contents are the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the verb, the adverb, and the preposition. For each grammar point the text makes it originates with a rule, principle or definition, which is to be committed to memory. These rules are followed by questions and examples to assist the student in application of the point. Finally, there are periodic reviews to refresh the students' memories about the various points that have been covered. The Schultz Archive only includes a very brief excerpt of the title page, contents, preface, section on nouns/pronouns and a single page on syntax. The scans are all readable, but the pages are cut maybe a third (maybe less) of the way from the bottom.
1871 printing of 1860 copyrighted text. The author has Master of Arts and is credited as the author of other books. Boyd explains that his composition textbook is a culling together of numerous preceding texts on the topic, specifically, recent English treatises by Williams, Smart, Neil, and Harrison, and the standard works of Blair, Campbell, and Jamieson. He has also consulted the grammars of Clark, Murray, Fowler, Bullions, Goold Brown, Spencer, Greene, Butler, Tower, Bailey, Covell, and Mulligan. He also credits Welche's Analysis of the English Sentence, Tower's Grammar of Composition, Quakenbos's First Lessons And Advanced Course, and Parker's Aids. He claims that his wealth of experience as a teacher on the subject has given him a deeper understanding of what is necessary in a composition textbook. This book works its way through the most minute aspects of composition (capitalization, parts of speech, punctuation, etc.) through to larger concerns (style, hyperbole, subject matter, etc.). For each section, there are detailed lessons and examples. The Schultz Archive includes the entire text; however, there are numerous pages that are repeated or missing. Also, highlighter obscures the readability of some text.
1844 printing of 1844 copyrighted text. The author has a Master of Arts degree and is principal of Black River L. and R. Institute. As indicated by the title, Boyd's compilation is a comprehensive examination of English composition as well as rhetoric, criticism, linguistic history and English literature. Each of the aforementioned sections is covered in great detail; for example, there are sections on spelling, composition style, kinds of composition, the origins of the English language and excerpts from American and British literature. Boyd's introduction indicates that his vast teaching experience has proven to him that there is not a comparable text that is so varied and comprehensive available to the typical English teacher and that such a text was necessary to avoid compiling numerous books for a single class. Some of works included in the compilation: Reid's Rudiments of English Composition, Connel's Catechism of Composition, Beattie's rhetoric, Blair's rhetoric, Montgomery's lectures on poetry and literature, Lacon, Dr. Spring's lectures, Dr. Cheever's lectures. Exercises are included throughout. The Schultz Archive includes the text in its entirety with only pages 242-43 missing. Otherwise, the text is in very good condition.
1895 printing of 1895 copyrighted text. The publisher preface informs the reader that the author is the chief-proofreader in one of the largest book publishers in New York. Bowden asserts in the preface to his grammar that his contribution to the realm of grammar handbooks will be one that avoids unnecessary material that detracts from the learning process and one that establishes a beneficial system of classification to lessen the need for rote memorization, both of which he argues are failings of the preceding grammar handbooks. The text covers etymology, syntax and prosody-punctuation, establishing classifications for each. Exercises follow the sections on syntax and punctuation. The Schultz Archive only includes an excerpt of the title page, contents, author's preface and publisher's preface. The scans are good quality, but some highlighter obscures text.
This excerpt of the third American edition (with additions and improvements) was published in 1819. The preface states its from the eight British edition. The author, Reverend David Blair, is credited for authoring several other books on grammar and juvenile letters. Blair's work, which only briefly discusses grammar from a broad, and colonial historical perspective, seeks to advance a scientific understanding of many subjects, including the English language. It is Blair's assertion that language instruction should build on and be part of a holistic education that enables the students to better understand all educational subjects. The Universal Preceptor includes chapters on various subjects, including the arts, mathematics, the sciences, government, agriculture, etc. The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt (focusing on geography and grammar), and the scans are not very good quality (but they are legible).
A copy of the second, corrected edition, dated 1885. The author is one of the ministers of the High Church and Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in the University of Edinburgh. A collection of lectures from twenty-four years of Blair's instruction. Blair claims that he has only published these lectures as a result of their circulation in uncertain forms without his consent. The lectures cover taste, genius, the sublime, beauty and other pleasures, the rise and progress of language, structure of language and the English tongue, perspicuity and precision, structure of sentences, harmony of structure, figurative language, and figures of speech.The Schultz Archive only includes a few excerpted lectures from the various volumes. The quality of the text in the collection is good.
This second edition is dated 1829. The author is credited on the cover as a teacher. This texts uses a system of mnemonics to teach children the useful science of grammar. It has mothers and young instructresses in mind, who are untrained and therefore unlikely to teach it without a simple method. Chapters have a section to be read, a recapitulation lesson section to be memorized, and a practice section founded on scripture to provide moral instruction. The work also has wood-cut illustrations. The Schultz Archive's copy of this text is incomplete. It is missing numerous pages, but it does have a sample of pages from throughout the text. Attached is the text of a similar work of similar inspiration (it acknowledges sharing the same wood-cut illustrations), published in 1832 in New York: The Infant School Grammar Consisting of Elementary Lessons in the Analytical Method; illustrated by Sensible Objects and Actions.
This is an excerpt of the 1868 printing of the 1867 copyrighted text. The author has a Master of Arts and is the superintendent of the Bingham School. The work professes to innovation in response to the study of philology of the period; it discusses grammar as a science with laws. It professes an interest in plain English to foreign words. Its definitions are identical to those in Latin grammar. Credits the influence of Mulligan, Latham, Richardson, Goold Brown, and Butler. Its etymology and syntax are derived from German grammars of Latin and Greek. Rules and their explanations are followed by the copious parsing exercises. Excerpt includes preface, ToC, and chapters on orthography and nouns.
This third edition is dated 1805. The author is credited with a Master of Arts and as the author of three other books. Bingham's book is based on the notion that children love to receive letters and cherish the ability to respond on their own. The intent of the book is to assist students in learning to write, specifically letters, by making writing a pleasurable experience. The book consists of many example letters that children may write or receive. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text of the third edition (pages 20-21 are repeated), and a single page (page 60) is difficult to read. Otherwise, the text is in good condition.
1856 printing of this work copyrighted in 1856. The author is credited as having a Master of Arts degree. A sequel to Barton's New System of English Grammar, Practical Exercises is directed toward primary school students for the acquisition of English grammar. The book founds itself upon imitation and exercises in order to progress students from basic understanding of grammar to its more substantial application in composition scenarios and the critical study of English Literature. It also includes review questions. The contents covers punctuation, sentence structure, style (purity, propriety, precision), structure and style, figurative language, and modes of composition (narratives, descriptions, epistles, essay, arguments). The appendixes includes information on writing for publication and proofreading. The Schultz Archive includes the entire text, and it is in good condition (the cover page is somewhat sideways).
The printing of the second thousand of the text, dated 1862. The copyright was registered in 1859. William S. Barton is credited as the author of other grammar books and has a Master of Arts degree. Building on the author's previous work Intermediate Grammar, the work is meant for high school students and high school teachers, but also for college work and general reference. It draws specifically on english philology. The preface gives credit to Wallis, Harris, Lowth, Greenwood (as older grammarians) and Murray, Crombie, Latham, Webster, Brown (as modern), and Bopp, Becker, Kuhner and Andrews and Stoddard for contributions to the philosophy and method of language. The Schultz Archive's excerpt only covers roughly the first 59 pages, including preface, basic orthography, and nouns. It does, however, also include two appendixes and the index, which lays out the contents of this 373 page text. The scans are very good quality.
No information is given on the printing of this 1889 edition printed in London. Henry J. Barker was lecturer on English Language and Literature to Pupil Teachers under the London School Board. Barker's text examines the study of the English language as interpreted by young students. Some of the chapters were previously published in Longman's Magazine as "Studies of Elementary School Life." The chapters contain anecdotes and commentary on the student whose writing is featured in that chapter, a selection of writing by that student, and further commentary on the writing itself. The purpose of the text seems to be amusement for the reader, perhaps at the expense of the "specimens" in the text. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text (pages 86-87 are missing), and the scans are good quality, except some highlighter obscures text throughout.
No information on the printing or edition is given. The copyright is 1884. No information on the author is given. The book emphasizes adaptation as the fundamental law of rhetoric and the effects produced "at the time and under the circumstances." Conversation and letter writing are to be used to develop in the student rhetoric's important laws. Personal experience is seen as the basis for students learning narration and description. Illustrations are used throughout, particularly anecdotes and quotations from leading authors. The author specifically acknowledges _The Art of Extempore Speech_ by M. Bautain and _The Art of Reading_ by M. Legouve as influences. The sections are Sentence Making, Conversation, Letter-Writing, the Essay, the Oration, and Poetry. The chapter on conversation focuses on sociability, beginning with a chapter on "Good Breeding." The chapter on the essay is quite alliterative, its chapters: preparation, invention, style, purity, propriety, precision, perspictuity, power, perfection, and (most interestingly) preparation for the press. The Schultz Archive includes a large portion of the text; however, it is missing part I and pages 152-69, 256-303, and 504-end (Part V on oration and Part VI Poetry). The scans are good quality, but there is some highlighter that obscures text throughout.
This is an 1894 printing of this work. Its copyright was registered in 1884.T. Whiting Bancroft was Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature in Brown University. Bancroft's composition text seeks to add a focus on rhetoric, modes and types of composition. Bancroft intends for his text to be used in conjunction with existing composition textbooks. The treatment of argumentative composition intends to show relation between deductive and inductive thought. It is divided into two sections: kinds of composition and practice in composition. Kinds of composition are broken into three parts: Explanatory, argumentative, and persuasive composition. The section on practice of composition is primarily concerned with themes. It provides examples of themes and outlines of essays that explore these themes. In the last part of the practice of composition on the relation of reading to composition, the author has credited the influence of librarians. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text; however, some of the pages are missing and have blank scans in their places. The quality of the text is high.
No information on edition or printing is given on the copy. The author, Charles Sears Baldwin, is a Ph.D. and an instructor in rhetoric in Yale University. This manual for first term college students is divided into three parts: the composition as a whole, the paragraph, and the sentence. Intended to prepare and supplement writing knowledge before more special courses, Baldwin's college composition text is intended only to provide students with a structural system for composition. Baldwin advocates not writing strictly by rules; rather, he suggests a basic understanding of the principles of composition. In the introduction he states there are four kinds of writing: description, narration, persuasion, and exposition. This book focuses on applying its principles exclusively to exposition. It further advocates that its rules of construction be applied in the process of revision. It uses familiar terms such as unity, coherence, clearness, and emphasis. The Schultz Archive includes the text in its entirety, and the quality of the text is high.
No information regarding edition or printing is in the copy. No information on the author is provided. Balch's addition to the list of grammar handbooks seeks to improve the methods of grammar instruction by rendering language study more scientific (and less like an art) and less focused on mere rule memorization. The author hopes that such a transformation will make the study of grammar more interesting for high school students because they will be encouraged to create their own models. He is interested in "the essential principles of human speech and the best method of constructing sentences according to the idiom of the English language." The preface also interestingly states that "[t]he inseparable connexion between words, ideas, and things, is carefully observed." The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt of the cover page, contents, preface, introduction and a short section of text. The text is legible, but some highlighting does obscure throughout.
No information on edition or printing is on this copy. The title state the author is an instructor.
Balch's primary school grammar handbook wishes to change the manner in which grammar is taught to schoolchildren. Instead of expecting them to memorize and apply myriad rules in which they are not interested, Balch believes children's natural interest should be fostered by the usage of familiar things to teach. The Schultz Archive only includes a very brief excerpt of the cover page and preface. The quality is poor, but everything is legible.
1887 printing of the enlarged edition of the first part of Bain's English Composition and Rhetoric. Alexander Bain is a Doctor of Laws of English and Emeritus Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen.The first part, Intellectual Elements of Style (included here), is focused on "Elements of Style that concern the understanding." The second part is about the "emotional qualities." This "re-modeling" is designed to narrow the scope and devote more attention to certain portions chosen for their utility. Its topics are order of words; number of words; the sentence; the paragraph; figures of speech; and the qualities of style: clearness, simplicity, impressiveness, and picturesqueness. Bain states that these topics are expounded, exemplified, and applied to the arts of criticism and composition. Bain has somewhat reordered the contents that was previously sectioned under the kinds of composition (description, narration, exposition, oratory). The Schultz Archive copy is the complete text of part first of the enlarged edition.
1884 printing of the revised American edition of Bain's rhetorical manual focused on style, structure, and modes. The copyright page states it was registered in 1866. Alexander Bain had a Master of Arts and was Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen. It states an interest in methodizing instruction in english composition, stating that little can be done to cultivate students' fund of expression, but that they can be taught to discriminate between good and bad expression. Rhetoric is defined as "the means whereby language, spoken or written, may be rendered effective." The text is divided into two parts. Part one deals with composition in general, particularly figures of speech, qualities of style, the sentence, and the paragraph. Part two deal with five kinds or modes of composition: description, narration (historical composition), exposition (science), oratory (persuasion), and poetry. Its rules and principles are accompanied with examples from canonical texts. It also includes analyzed extracts in its appendix. Although it has not been digitzed, the Schultz Archive's hardcopy is the complete text. It is identical to the 1887 printing (that is digitzed), excepting paratextual advertisements.
1887 printing of the revised American edition. The copyright page states it was registered in 1866. Alexander Bain had a Master of Arts and was Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen. It states an interest in methodizing instruction in english composition, stating that little can be done to cultivate students' fund of expression, but that they can be taught to discriminate between good and bad expression. Rhetoric is defined as "the means whereby language, spoken or written, may be rendered effective." The text is divided into two parts. Part one deals with composition in general, particularly figures of speech, qualities of style, the sentence, and the paragraph. Part two deal with five kinds or modes of composition: description, narration (historical composition), exposition (science), oratory (persuasion), and poetry. Its rules and principles are accompanied with examples from canonical texts. It also includes analyzed extracts in its appendix. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
No printing or edition information is provided on this copy. Rufus W. Bailey has a Master of Arts degree, but his status as a reverend is omitted on this text. He was a teacher for over thirty years. The prefaces states this book is for mothers, fathers, elder brothers and sisters, and female teachers employed in primary and public schools. A grammar handbook for younger students that features various modes of examples such as lists or mock conversations. It argues that children learn nouns first, then verbs, and then the combining of these two in sentences. Part one teachers sentence structure and parts of speech; part two, etymology; part three, syntax; part four, rules of punctuation, orthography, and a dictionary of english grammar. It does not use exercises of correcting false grammar, as the author believes those are unhelpful. The Schultz Archive's copy is the complete text.
Stated as the tenth edition on the cover page. Reverend R. W. Bailey is stated as having a Master of Arts degree and in the preface it states he taught English youth for over thirty years. Bailey's English Grammar is a fairly standard grammar handbook from the nineteenth century. The author acknowledges the myriad grammar handbooks that precede his own, but explains that his book serves as a kind of aggregate of such manuals. It divides grammar into four parts: orthography, etymology, syntax, and prosody. It gives three classes of words: nouns, verbs, and adverbs. The handbook includes fairly detailed sections on many of the parts of speech. It says its method of parsing is analytic rather than synthetic, but philosophic and inductive. The end of each section has a review. The preface states an interest in a pure English. The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt (the cover page, preface, contents and a few snippets of text), but they are good quality.
No edition or printing information is given on this copy. The author alludes to the fact that he is a teacher in the preface where he addresses the audience as his “fellow teachers.” Badgley's work is a grammar textbook for school children that emphasizes object teaching and working with the familiar in order to promote a better understanding of the English language. Badgely states the instruction is drawn from nature and uses the inductive and synthetic method. It moves from facts and things to general truths and from arranging words into sentences to analysis. “Ideas and thoughts precede expression.” The sections are grammar and the parts of speech; classification and variation of nouns and pronouns, adjectives and adverbs; analysis of sentences and syntactical parsing; and syntax (a list of rules and exercises of violation of these rules).The book provides exercises in the form of staged conversations in order to better relate to the students. The Schultz Archive includes the complete text in very good condition.
No edition or printing information is included on this copy. No author is credited, although Whitney, Jocelyn, and Annin are credited as illustrators. It includes basic information on composing, including advice on penmanship, titling, margins, paragraphs, spelling, capital letters, punctuation, arranging sentences, style (purity, precision, clearness, strength, harmony, unity), and modes (debates, letters). The majority of the text is a collection of ornate illustrations for the purpose of aiding composition development. Each illustration is accompanied with advice on how to elaborate on subjects within the illustration.
No edition or printing information is given in the copy. The author has a Bachelor of Arts from Smith College. As indicated by the subtitle, the work is intended for secondary and college students. Includes topics historical, imaginative, argumentative and subsequent brief chapters on: plan, or analysis; elaboration of points; criticism of one's own work; form of finished composition; composition an essential factor in the study of rhetoric; and figures of speech. The work seems addressed more to the teacher of the students than the students themselves. It attempts to explain how to students should mentally approach the act of writing but its language suggests a teacher thinking about the student’s mental habits rather than the student working though his own thoughts.
No edition or printing information is available on this copy. The author, Israel Alger Jr., was a school teacher in Boston with a Master of Arts degree. This work was approved for use in Boston schools by the School Committee of Boston. This work is an “enlargement” of Lindley Murray’s grammar textbook with exercises. It is sectioned as exercises in parsing, exercises in etymology, exercises in syntax, exercises in punctuation, and exercises to promote perspicuous and accurate writing. This last section includes exercises in writing focusing on rules of purity, propriety, precision, clearness, unity, strength and figures of speech. The exercises are incorrect examples that violate these rules.
No edition or printing information is available in this copy. Written by Reverend Charles Adams, Principal of Newbury Seminary, a high school and literary institution. This system of grammar was created by the author for use in his own classes. It is based on the work of Lindley Murray, whose works on English grammar were published in the last decade of the 18th century. The author has endeavored to improve upon its definitions where possible. It provides four divisions of grammar: Orthography, Etymology, Syntax and Prosody. Orthography covers the nature of letters and proper spelling. Etymology covers the classifications of words with accompanying examples. Rules of syntax are accompanied with correct and incorrect examples. Prosody has two parts: pronunciation, comprising accent, quantity, emphasis, pause, and tone, and the laws of versification, which is the arrangement of syllables. Laws of punctuation are included. The text ends with eleven chapters of example texts that serve as exercises in parsing.
The Schultz Archive includes the complete text with minimal disruptions in quality. There are very rare instances of highlighting which obscures the readability; however, the text is otherwise impeccable.
Abbott's work provides rules and exercises for eliminating ambiguity in writing. The premise of this textbook is the notion that clarity, unlike many other characteristics of writing and speech, can be achieved through mechanistic rules and practice. The Schultz Archive only includes a brief excerpt, consisting of the title page, preface and partial table of contents.
An American 19th century abridgment of 18th century textbook on literary criticism by the Scottish Enlightenment scholar Henry Home, Lord Kames. Explores the role of human nature in literary composition and criticism, particularly the emotions and passions. The original was published in 1762. Includes review questions.
This document is a workshop workbook for EndNote X8, a citation and reference management software product. The workbook provides descriptions and exercises for most of the major features of EndNote, including program customization, importing & exporting data, organization and management of data, full text recovery & management, cite-while-you-write utility and EndNote Online.
[New York] Bulletin de l'Union républicaine de langue française, November 15, 1869-September 9, 1871. The emigres of 1848-49 formed the core of support for the Bulletin, which became involved with the International Workingmen's Association. The gap towards the end of 1870 reflected the dislocations of the Franco-Prussian War and the French declaration of a republic, after which hundreds of French radicals in New York returned to France, at least for the duration of the war. The publication reappeared in 1872 as Le Socialiste.
[New York City] The European, November 15, 1856-May 2, 1858, editor Hugh Forbes. Forbes, an English Garibaldian organized the emigres of 1848-49 in New York City with local radicals into a coalition of Universal Democratic Republicans. It became part of the International Association of the 1850s, and the foundation for the American sections of the International Workingmen's Association after the Civil War. Impressed by Forbes' war record coupled to his militant hostility to slavery, eastern abolitionists involved with John Brown recruited Forbes to be his military advisor. Convinced that the plan for Harpers Ferry was suicidal and unnecessary, Forbes left the operation. By 1860, he was back in Italy with Garibaldi, and, in his absence, became an easy figure to blame for the project's defeat.