How do arts-based writing endeavors catalyze generative thinking and support research development in design students’ thesis endeavors? This paper offers reflections from an industrial design masters student, a graphic design masters student, and their arts education professor in a School of Design at a Research I institution. Informed by theoretical and historical contexts of the design discipline and perspectives from composition studies and fine arts practice, we explore the potential of arts-based writing as an evocative, speculative tool and a distinctive form of reflective practice for the development of graduate design research. We suggest that arts-based writing’s iterative process, dialogic engagement, and speculative approach to knowledge-construction provide critical, reflective structures for working through uncertainties and thus are uniquely responsive to the evolving epistemologies of the transdisciplinary university. Three focal questions guide this reflection: What is arts-based writing? What role does arts-based writing play in students’ design research endeavors? How can arts-based writing practices support the growth of speculative and pragmatic design research?
This talk was the third panelist in the Data Empowering Social Justice Session for the 4th Annual UC Data Day Conference hosted by UC Libraries.
Christopher J. Sullivan, School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati
Talk Title: Working with Agency Data to Better Understand Racial Disparities: The Case of Disproportionate Minority Contact with the Juvenile Justice System
This presentation is based on a recently-concluded study that sought to better understand patterns of disproportionate minority contact (DMC) in Ohio’s juvenile justice system. The project required extensive assessment and integration of record data that varied in their structures, availability of key fields, and operational definitions, which were collected or extracted from dozens of local juvenile court and police agencies across the state. Currently lead federally-funded research studies on juvenile risk and needs assessment and important reforms in Ohio’s juvenile justice systems.
Lloyd C. Engelbrecht (born 1927) is Professor Emeritus of Art History at the University of Cincinnati. His article, “Wood, Plywood and Veneer, Cranbrook, the New Bauhaus and the W. P. A.: the Origins of the Eames Chair of 1946,” had its origins in a paper presented at a symposium, “Bauhaus, New Bauhaus, W. P. A.: Chairs for Mid-Century,” October 17, 1981, at the Mid-America Conference of the College Art Association, meeting in Milwaukee. The article was expanded and eventually completed in 1987, but it was never published. The author asked that his late wife, June-Marie F. Engelbrecht (1930-2009), be given credit for her immense amount of help with the research and writing of the article.
IASDR 2017 Guest Speaker
Meredith Davis has taught for forty-seven years and served as head of the Department of Graphic Design, Director of Graduate Programs in Graphic Design, and Director of the PhD Design program at NC State University. She is an AIGA fellow and national medalist, Alexander Quarles Holladay Medalist for Teaching Excellence, and fellow and former member of the accreditation commission of the National Association of Schools of Art and Design, for which she drafted the national standards for the evaluation of college-level design programs. She serves as a member of the education advisory committee of the Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian National Design Museum and is a former president of the American Center for Design. Meredith is a frequent author–including four books on design and design education– and serves on the editorial boards of She Ji and Design Issues. Her research includes a two-year study of design-based teaching and learning for the National Endowment for the Arts, which received a CHOICE award from the National Association of College and Research Libraries.
She has served on the development teams for two National Assessments of Educational Progress, most recently for the scenario-based evaluation of 21,500 students in Technology and Engineering Design Literacy. She authored a five-year research study of teaching critical and creative thinking across the college curriculum, featured in a study by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development on the effectiveness of higher education in preparing students for innovation jobs. She has reviewed proposals for the Smithsonian Office of Education and Museum Studies, National Science Foundation, US Department of Education, Institute of Museum and Library Services, and Canadian Foundation for Innovation, and her work has been funded by the Kenan Institute for Engineering, Science and Technology; National Endowment for the Arts; Worldesign Foundation; and several state commissions.
IASDR 2017 Guest Speaker
Bob Schwartz joined GE Healthcare (GEHC) in December 2007 as General Manager, Global Design & User Experience. With five studios in four countries, Bob is responsible for overseeing the Global Design function encompassing human factors, industrial design, ergonomics, user-interface, environmental design, and design research. As a strategic driver of organic business growth, his team focuses on the look, feel usability and end-to-end experience of GEHC products and services. Bob is also the GE Healthcare Global Executive Sponsor of the People with Disabilities Network.
Since 2009, Global Design/UX has been the recipient of 19 medals from the International Design Excellence Awards (IDEA) and was listed, in 2011, by Fast Company magazine as a Corporate Design Stronghold. In 2015, Bob’s career trajectory was cited by Fast Company as among the top Chief Design Officers. In 2015 the Industrial Designers Society of America (IDSA) named him among the 50 most notable industrial designers of the last 50 years. Bob was recently elected Chair of the Board of the Design Management Institute.
Continuously engaged in Design education throughout his career, he is a two-term member of the Board of Trustees of the Milwaukee Institute of Art & Design and its Executive Committee and is Chair of its Academic Excellence Committee.
Bob is also a member of the Design Management Advisory Board at Northwestern University and has had similar roles at Savannah College of Art and Design and Carnegie Mellon University. Further, he has also held a design faculty appointment at the University of Cincinnati. While at P&G, Bob applied his leadership to developing the School Collaboratives Program there and has created similar relationships in his other roles with academic institutions globally.
Bob joined GEHC from Procter & Gamble, where he was a global design leader working to transform the design function there to a strategically relevant capability, which is now comprised of 350 global designers and design managers. Prior to P&G, Bob was Vice President, New Product Development, at Levolor Kirsch, a division of Newell Rubbermaid, where he brought innovation to the home decor industry. At Motorola, Bob was the Director of Design, responsible globally for all key product lines within the Commercial, Government, Industrial and Consumer Products businesses.
As Executive Director and COO for the Industrial Designers Society of America (IDSA) Bob forged an unprecedented relationship with Business Week magazine to annually publish the Industrial Design Excellence (IDEA) awards and later the Catalyst Awards. This accomplishment led to Bob receiving a United Nations appointment to the People's Republic of China as Senior Advisor for Design. He has also testified before Congress on a Bill to establish a US Design Center in the Dept. of Commerce.
Bob was also the Director, Science and Technology Programs for AdvaMed, where he forged strong partnerships with the FDA, HCFA and Congress and lobbied and directed policy and voluntary standards research for circulatory and cardiovascular devices, healthcare information systems and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. Prior to this, Bob was the head of Corporate Industrial Design and Architecture for the American Red Cross, where he implemented new nation-wide mobile blood collection, tissue banking and disaster services systems and blood center laboratory designs.
Most notably, Bob was inducted into the IDSA Academy of Fellows at the 2007 World Congress of Industrial Design, for his outstanding contributions to the industry.
Bob has a Masters degree in Industrial Design from the Rhode Island School of Design, where he was a Roddy Scholar, and a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Industrial & Graphic Design from the Kansas City Art Institute.
This research is an ethnographic study of literacy as a socially constructed process, literacy viewed as a part of the acquisition and transmission of culture. The focal population was a group of low SES high school students, most of whom were African American, and their children (ages 7 weeks to 4 years), several of whom were enrolled in a day care center housed within the large, urban high school their parents attended in a midwestern U.S. city. The research was an attempt to understand the kinds of literacy, specifically the types and amounts of reading and writing, that were a part of the home and school lives of the student/parents, and their parents, and a part of the home and day care lives of their children.
A viscometer for liquids of low viscosity was built to be used at temperatures up to ca. 1000°C with the liquid maintained under a vacuum or inert gas atmosphere. The viscometer follows the method first suggested by Helmholz (8) and later successfully developed by Chiong and Andrade (4). In this method, the liquid is enclosed in a sphere; and the sphere is set in rotatory oscillation about a vertical axis. From measurements of the damping of the oscillations and the period and moment of inertia of the rotating pendulum, absolute values of the viscosity are calculated using the equations derived by Chiong and Andrade (4).
This paper presents a prime aspect of Augmented and Virtual Reality development in the field of healthcare. We explored several recent works and articles and a comparison between generic application development and immersive technology-based application is included. The paper talks about more practical approaches that can be taken to enhance the effectiveness of the application.
The resources (infrastructure) to complete this study are provided by the University of Cincinnati’s Center for Simulation and Virtual Environment Research (UCSIM). And several experiments and projects in the field of health care are used as a reference to make conclusions.
I was commissioned by Andy Marko of Semantics Gallery in Cincinnati to create a live show as the concluding event for his annual Autumedia Festival. The space at Semantics was filled with other work in the show, so he approached Third Party, another artist run space down the street, to host the performance. I sent a general call out to friends at CCM looking for improvising musicians with the idea of forming a fairly large ensemble. I had a a number of responses and the musical group was ultimately made up of Regan Brown (Bass Clarinet), Dave McDonnell (Sax and Electronics), Carrie Magin (Percussion), Steve Weimer (Keyboard), and Zach Larabee (Drums). I also invited Loraine Wible, former student and previous collaborator, with Discerning Crane, to contribute a second stream of images. When we got to the space I decided to throw Loraine's images obliquely across the long wall with mine in the center.
Performance organized in conjunction with Passages, my one-person show at the Weston Art Gallery in Cincinnati.
Suzanna Barnes (violin)
Regan Brown (winds & autoharp)
Zach Larabee (percussion)
David McDonnell (electronics & horns)
Loraine Wible (images)
Charles Woodman (images)
Live cinema audio/visual improvisation. Brief excerpts from four 2015 performances - San Francisco Cinematheque 4/15, Headlands Center for the Arts 5/15, Spazio Contemporanea, Brescia, Italy 6/15, Micro Mini Cinema, Cincinnati 8/15
Live Audio Visual Improvisation on 11/03/10 at Herron School of Art, Indianapolis, IN. Eddy Kwon (violin), Lief Fairfield (violin), Margaret Schedel (midi cello), Valierie Opielski (guitar), Charles Woodman (images)
In this study a general approach is introduced for the design of a robust control law for suppression of structure borne vibration. This control law is based on a passive design in the form of dynamic vibration absorbers. Passive absorbers minimize vibration at a speci c frequency, but their performance is improved by introducing adaptive tuning of the absorber. An adaptive dynamic vibration absorber is tuned to the forcing frequency, using classical methods. The tuning ratio is time varying and adapts itself to variations in the forcing frequency. However, the uniqueness of the approach in this study is that the damping parameter of the absorber is continuously varied by means of a fuzzy-logic control algorithm to provide a lower sound pressure level. The inputs of the fuzzy control law are the displacement and velocity of the main structure. The effectiveness of the control algorithm for active vibration control is demonstrated using MATLAB® simulations of a single-degree-of-freedom plant. This methodology provides superior performance in the presence of signi cant mistuning compared to a more conventional approach.
The profession of industrial/product design has the capacity to support wealth generation through a product-driven supply chain that extends across services that include manufacturing, distribution, sales and maintenance. Moving away from the more typical manufacturing approaches of developed countries, where the resources available to support designers employ advanced technologies and materials, this paper discusses an on-going UK Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded project to explore ways in which industrial/product design can provide opportunities for entrepreneurship and employment in countries on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) List and receive Overseas Development Assistance (ODA). Through practice-lad research with participants from Uganda, Kenya, Indonesia and Turkey; industrial/product design educators/researchers/practitioners shared knowledge and expertise and engaged in creative activity to translate propositions into proposals with the potential for manufacture in each of the four countries. The findings, articulated product visualisations, indicate significant potential to support manufacturing in countries in a variety of levels of economic development by adding value to the packaging of traditional foods; integrating low-cost imported components to add value to indigenous crafts and materials; producing contemporary furniture designs using materials that can be considered as traditional materials; and employing unorthodox and unexpected materials.
This research expected to innovation designs can develop by more detail user-experience, that also reduce users unfamiliar and depressed; therefore, we investigated that people cognitive process on operated daily commodities, and we planned a tool to analyze users the area of contact and frequency. In experiment, we selected three objects whose size and shape are similar but haven’t limited way of operation. After that, we excluded feature of shape and make them consistent. We studied 30 participants response to operation and affordance, and analysis that by qualitative and quantitative. The result showed the participants have consistent posture of grasp, area of contact and way of operation in the same experimental situation; in addition, even the grip are the same, but following different functional parts, users still response a corresponding way of operation. So we suggest that shape only be as one of design factors on simple design style, and not the main factor. Designer should find other design techniques to enhance the user’s cognitive operation.
The standard curriculum for Aerospace Engineering students at the University of Cincinnati includes AEEM361 Integrated Aircraft Engineering. The goal of this course is to instruct students in the tools and methodology of aircraft design. The integrated aspects of aircraft design are underscored by introducing prejunior (between sophomore and junior) students to the state-of-the-art morphing technology, inspired by bat and bird flight, which can enable an aircraft to adapt its shape to best suit the flight condition thereby enhancing mission performance. In this article, we present the development of unique software tools, which provide undergraduates an opportunity to design airfoils for morphing aircraft. Morphing is introduced in the form of “on demand” camber as well as sweep change with the aim of improving aerodynamic efficiency for a multiobjective (several design points) mission profile. The Global Hawk UAV mission in general and its LRN1015 airfoil in particular is in focus due to the relative long mission times spent at the two different flight conditions, namely high-speed dash and low-speed loiter. We are using several tools to virtually simulate a morphing wing including XFOIL to perform fast and relatively accurate two-dimensional steady-flow simulations of different morphed configurations using a camber-controlled morphed wing to maneuver. In this article we detail AeroMorph, the educational MATLAB-based tool developed for design of a camber-controlled morphing of airfoils with the aim of improving aerodynamic efficiency and exploration of the basic relationships between flap deflection and airfoil morphing based on a camber change.
As society shifts towards an increasingly sustainable future, high-performance buildings can provide a means to meet sustainability and energy efficiency goals. Occupants in high-performance buildings are often expected to interact with building systems to maintain individual levels of comfort and productivity. However, the critical role of the human-building interface is often ignored (Day & Heschong, 2016). Too often, building controls are not intuitive and poorly understood by typical users. Conversely, some buildings rely on entirely automated building systems (e.g. lighting, shading, HVAC systems), which take control away from occupants. This approach is largely unpopular with building occupants. The literature suggests people desire and prefer control of their interior environments (e.g., Escuyer & Fontoynont, 2001). Designing a high-performance building that effectively engages users presents a more complex problem than most designers are prepared to handle.
Design teams require an ability to see the whole situation—from how the parts of the system work to how users will engage and adapt the system. This ability relies on systematic efforts to understand broad swaths of human behavior and design research, which go beyond computation or modeling (e.g., Huppatz, 2015; Rittel & Webber, 1973). In this context, design and design research supports third order (activities and processes) and fourth order (environments, organizations, and systems) design problems (Buchanan, 1999). Creating design teams, who can comprehend a whole situation, requires reframing how clients and designers understand design problems. This draft paper links theory about design problems with practical processes for using design research to improve the human-building interface.
This talk was the second panelist in the Health Equities and Disparities Session for the 4th Annual UC Data Day Conference hosted by UC Libraries.
Tammy Mentzel, MPH, Assistant Director for Programs and Projects, University of Cincinnati, Academic Health Center, Cincinnati Cancer Center
Talk Title(s): Understanding Health Disparities and Perceptions of Discrimination in Greater Cincinnati
Tammy served as the Program Director for the Transformation of Mission-based Health Care through Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion project aimed at bolstering diversity in the health care workforce and eliminating health disparities in urban communities by identifying, testing and adopting evidence-based strategies and tools. Tammy was formerly in the College of Nursing at UC where she was a Research Associate and Program Director providing leadership and support on six funded research projects totaling over $4.6 million.
A presentation for UC Libraries showcasing 2 projects: English Composition 1001 students' perception of research and findings of an undergraduate research survey identifying library needs, a collaboration with UC’s Office of Undergraduate Research, Scholarly Endeavors and Creative Practice.
Produced almost entirely at Experimental Television Center (ETC), the video uses a simple animation of a rotating rectangle (produced in Deluxe Paint on the Amiga Computer) as a stencil into which are keyed various versions of a processed live image of the river outside the window at ETC. This was my second attempt at a multi channel piece. The four programs have been shown in grid’s of twelve and sixteen monitors. While relatively simple in structure and shown only three times, this remains a personal favorite.
After the liberation of North Africa, in 1943, it was discovered by policy makers within the Grand Alliance that both the British and Americans were in the process of making documentary films about the Operation Torch campaign. Fearful that separate films would highlight potential dissension with the Anglo-American alliance, the director Frank Capra was dispatched to London to coordinate his U.S. Army documentary with his British counter-parts. Instead of a smooth process, the joint film project bogged down in inter-service and inter-allied rivalry’s that delayed the completion of Tunisian Victory for over a year.
In an effort to promote an image of Allied unity on the eve of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Western Europe, a Joint Anglo-American Film Commission was established with the goal of making a series of short documentaries on the liberation of the continent. Unfortunately, despite the prior planning, the plans for a series of joint films fell victim to competing ideologies about how to showcase the allied campaign. In an effort to salvage the situation the American film maker George Stevens was brought in to make a single long documentary, highlighting the campaign from D-Day to VE-Day. The resulting film, The True Glory, won an Oscar for best documentary of 1945, but in fact was the result of a failure of Allied film propaganda policy.
Typography is an important visible element of a cultural festival’s brand mark, yet is
overlooked within cultural festival research. An abundance of work has been published that
examines cultural festivals from cultural, economic, tourism, and place-making perspectives,
yet there is a shortfall in scholarly research addressing the key role typography performs to
engage audience participation through cultural festivals’ primary brand driver – the brand
mark. This paper critically considers triangulation as a constructive and effective research
framework for enquiry into typography deployed in the brand marks of cultural festivals and
provides a roadmap to further research. Offering an analysis of how and in what way
typography is being used in the brand marks for cultural festivals, this paper contributes a
discussion of appropriate research methods in the examination of this material. Triangulation
is engaged as a research technique combining the methods 1) content analysis, 2) case study
(text analysis) and 3) a semiotic analysis of typography as a framework to advantage three
perspectives on typography, capturing the complexities of the phenomenon. Through a pilot
study of 20 cultural festival brand marks from English speaking countries in 2016, the findings
show that triangulation of three methods is beneficial to uncovering a rich and nuanced
understanding of the role of typography in brand marks. Although many research methods are
available to design researchers, the authors argue that triangulation, is an appropriate method
to analyze typography used in the brand marks of cultural festivals as it allows for the
emergence of a heterogeneous understanding of the discipline.
During the last three years new leadership at the University of Cincinnati (UC) in many senior administrative positions has resulted in a rare culture of collaboration. This presentation will focus on the dynamic that has evolved among the Dean of Libraries, Vice President for Information Technology, and the Vice President for Research; discuss the development of the Research Hub@UC, which will deliver a profile-based customized suite of programs to researchers and scholars throughout the lifecycle; and explore a specific initiative (Scholar@UC) that demonstrates the depth of collaboration and its impact on the partners’ cultures, particularly the libraries’ at all levels. UC’s research support ecosystem has been disjointed, incomplete, ignored, or simply hidden. To grow the university’s research enterprise, these leaders realized that support programs throughout the research lifecycle had to be improved, expanded, and promoted. Presenters will discuss the successes and challenges of bridging different work cultures, funding development in a fiscally austere environment, and establishing collaborative models for operational support. To demonstrate the value and challenges of the partnership, including its impact on the cultures of each partner, presenters will explore two projects that have been enabled by the partnership, including the aforementioned Research Hub@UC and Scholar@UC, a faculty self-submission repository. Using these as case studies, presenters will discuss how agile (including open source) software development projects and broad system integration needs have enabled the partners to develop nimble, user-driven processes and a strong sense of risk taking to deploy new enterprise-wide systems in an environment of lean staff and resources.
This data set includes the raw rare earth element data for all fluorite and calcite samples analyzed by Josh Bergbower for work on his thesis project titled "Trace and Rare Earth Element Chemistry of Fluorite from the Illinois-Kentucky Fluorspar District and its Implications for the Origins of Mineralizing Fluids".
In recent years, the spectrum of stress phenomena, ranging from the tragic to the mundane, has received a great deal of attention in the research literature. Research has found that exposure to a broad range of stress phenomena increases the risk for subsequent psychopathology (Kanner, Coyne, Schaefer, & Lazarus, 1981; Lewinsohn, Mermelstein, Alexander & MacPhillamy, 1985). The assumption that stress phenomena vary along a continuum from mild to severe underlies much of this research (Dohrenwend & Dohrenwend, 1978). Trauma has been understood to constitute the class labelled severe, life event stress (LES) the moderate, and daily hassles (DH) the mild. In empirical studies, these classes have thus been assumed to vary in terms of degree (i.e., quantity) rather than in terms of qualitative differences.
If your organization is interested in establishing and developing a joint international program in
China, it is inevitable to face both manageable risks and unpredictable changes. There are
mainly three types of challenges.
● Political impact on travel and visa application: the 2017 re-election in China and
leadership change in the United States affect how efficient for both sides to visit each
other and stay for work.
● Technology restriction on teaching and communication: While the fast internet speed
and open internet are taken for granted in the US, technological difficulties in China can
be a barrier for effective teaching and communication.
● Censorship: In China, censorship is always a challenge, especially in the current state.
Be proactive to work effectively within the constraints.
The presenter is intended to share some experience and best practice based on a successful
joint institute between University of Cincinnati and Chongqing University. As the first coop based
program in China, the program continues to be a leading model in international engineering
Robert Ross brings to light ninety-eight foundational texts of Khoesan political thought and highlights the voices of the Khoesan people and their inspiring history of resistance in the face of colonial oppression.
This dissertation is divided into four parts consisting of (1) an introduction to stagewise processes; (2) a summary of investigations appearing in the literature; (3) the detailed application of finite calculus to the stagewise operations of extraction, gas absorption and fractionation; and (4) an appendix containing the elements of the finite calculus and a few numerical solutions of problems presented in part (3).