1988 printing of 1877 text, new matter copyrighted 1988. Introduction discusses the publication history of the text, and explicates some of Whitney's insights and innovations. The intro compares Whitney's text to the writings of his contemporaries, such as E. A. F. Maetzner, Samuel Greene, John Ash, Thomas Harvey, and Alonzo Reed and Brainerd Kellogg. Whitney's preface states that the pursuit of correctness in writing should be a secondary or subordinate purpose, and is best sought indirectly. It advocates constant use and practice, under never-failing watch and correction. Schultz Archive copy includes Downey's introduction, the original preface, TOC, and the first 23 pages of the text.
1883 printing of 1883 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of Language and Literature in the Hoboken (N.J.) Academy. Text in response to criticism of language study in schools, and based on the idea that to obtain a practical knowledge of English one need only study the best, most idiomatic English writers, such as William Corbett. Text is an account of Corbett's life with one of his best productions, Corbett's English Grammar. The work aims to show what Corbett was as a man and a writer, to show how a writer acquired his power of expression. The Schultz Archive copy contains the editor's preface, the author's preface, a page of the TOC, and pages 218 – 223, on how Corbett taught grammar.
1889 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Teacher of Rhetoric in the Richmond High Schools, Richmond, VA. A practical treatise on rhetoric for the lower grades of high school. Includes a discussion of simple, complex, and compound sentences, as students still need this review of grammar (in part because their grammar instruction has been analytical rather than synthetical). Lessons include a section of reproduction and a section of development. The Reproductions furnishes material for practice of the discussed principles. The Developments section is a more advanced step, giving play to the imagination by supplying the details of a connected story, while also serving as a test of style. Chapters cover kinds of sentences, paragraphing, variety of expression, style, figures of speech, special properties of style, paraphrasing, kinds of prose composition, prosody and versification, and poetry. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, a few scattered pages, and pages 309 – 335 on prose composition.
1874 printing of 1874 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Master of Arts and as the author of several language texts. A manual for school work for students ages 12 to 15 made with reference to the recent remodeling of language-training in the public schools. Students are given exercise in actual composition at the same time they taught the details of rhetorical theory, based on the idea that pupils must be taught how to write at all, before they can be shown how to write well. The text is divided into five parts. Part one covers the construction and combination of sentences. Part two: the variation of arrangement, structure, and phraseology. Part three: simple composition exercises, including descriptive and narrative subjects. Part four: Style, including word choice, construction, figures of language, and analysis of style. Part five: practical composition of themes and essays. The preface credits the influence of English Prose Composition by James Currie, Cornwall's Young Composer, Dalgleish's English Composition, and Armstrong's English Composition. The Schultz Archive copy includes the preface, TOC, introduction, all of part three, pages 82 – 87 of part four, and all of part five.
1894 printing of 1890 copyrighted text. Revised and enlarged edition. Author is credited with a B.A. and as editor of Goldsmith's "Deserted Village," Cowper's "Task," etc. Preface (dated 1891) states text addresses lack of texts that ably deal with the theoretical part of composition and offer a sufficient amount of practice. It proceeds on the simple method of laying down a few principles at a time and then illustrating them with a variety of exercises. Chapters cover: the sentence, punctuation, style (diction, formation of sentences, construction of paragraphs), variety of expression, figures of speech, qualities of style (perspicuity, picturesqueness, force, pathos, the ludicrous, the aesthetic), letters, the plan, kinds of discourse, versification, correcting compositions, and proof-reading and marking. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 338 page text.
1945 printing. Reprinted from the Bulletin of the New York Public Library of December, 1944 and January, 1945. A handbook on letter-writing that excludes examples of historical, literary, and specialized (such as business) correspondence in favor of a general letter-writer for the "average" person. Introduction covers the history of the letter-writer handbook, dating back 1568. It credits much of its history to Katherine Gee Hornbeak's The Complete Letter Writing in English, 1568 – 1800. The text features examples of letters on general and specific topics (ex: A Father to his Daughter, Refusing his Consent to an Early Marriage). It also includes a bibliography called Preliminary Check List of American Letter-Writers, 1698-1943. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 54 page text.
1907 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a PhD and as Assistant Professor of English in the University of Wisconsin. A practical manual for students of composition for reference in case of errors in themes and for independent reference by those who want information on good usage, grammar, spelling, punctuation, paragraphing, manuscript-arrangement, and letter-writing. Preface argues the text is purposefully dogmatic, as it is necessary for most students to observe rigidly and invariably rules to which masters of the art make exceptions. The author credits the influence of Professors Adams Sherman Hill, William Dwight Whitney, Alphonso G. Newcomer, John Duncan Quackenbos, Fred Newton Scott, and Joseph Villier Denney. Section one, the Composition of Discourse, includes: introductory on the standard of good usage, diction, the structure of sentences, and the structure of larger units of discourse. Section two, Putting Discourse on Paper, covers: spelling, legibility, arrangement of manuscript, alterations in manuscript, punctuation, syllabication, abbreviations, etc. Section three is Analytical Outlines; section four, Letter-Writing; section five, a Glossary of Miscellaneous faulty expressions. The appendices cover: exercises for breaking certain bad habits in writing and speaking, a grammatical vocabulary, and a list of words that are often mispronounced. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete 239 page text.
Text copyrighted 1900 and 1910. Author is credited as Principal of the Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama. A text on the history of the education of black Americans that begins by relating the progress of black Americans with President McKinley's words on the evolution of the country. Sections cover development of popular education, education of negroes before 1860, public school education in the south after the war, ground work education in the south, bequests for southern education, present educational status. Includes 8 statistical tables. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 44 page text.
1899 copyrighted text. Title page states this Department of Education text is for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900. The author is credited as President of Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. A study of higher education of women in the United States based on the past thirty years which finds that women's education is primarily to train mental faculties and only secondarily to provide professional or special education to equip women to be self-supporting. Includes sections on coeducation, independent colleges for women, professional education (including graduate instruction), occupations of college women, coeducation versus separate education, and curriculum. Graphs and tables are included to illustrate statistics. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 40 page text.
1900 printing of 1900 Canadian copyrighted text. The author is credited with a MA and a PhD. A school composition book that features verses for memorization and short themes that lead to a mix of lessons and exercises in discussing, correcting, and reproducing text. Sections cover kinds of narration (household tales, fables, biblical stories, classical myths, stories from ancient history, medieval stories, modern history stories, incidents); letter forms (business, social); description (plants, animals, buildings, landscapes, nature phenomena, persons, games); description and narration (the short story); exposition (how things are made, machines, definition of terms); and argument (pure argument, persuasion) Some pictorial illustrations included. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete 222 page text.