1863 printing of 1863 copyrighted text. Author is credited as Superintendent of Public Schools, Oswego, NY, and as author of several texts. An American edition of a text that was in its 14th edition in London in 1855. The first three steps are designed for the first three years of school, the fourth and fifth steps are for students 10 to 14 years old. The object of the lessons is to cultivate the senses, awaken and quicken observation, and to teach the use of the full range of senses. Includes preface by Elizabeth Mayo. Contents is divided into sections based on complexity of object, including sections on metals, natural history, vegetables, textiles, minerals, and manufactured articles. It also includes a list of vocabulary. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 407 page text.
1897 copyrighted text. The preface states the work was written to be concise, using simple, untechnical language, for the purpose of practical teaching. Fill-in-the-blank exercises are used, as well as simple exercises in composition. The subjects of the exercises relate to the students' studies. The book includes selections from the writings of Holmes, Longfellow, Franklin, Warner, Scudder, Burroughs, Frank Dempster Sherman, Alice Cary, Stevenson, and Tarbell. The chapters cover the sentence, parts of speech (in several different sections), inflection, elements of the sentence, and classification of the sentence (which includes parts on letter writing). The Schultz Archive copy contains the preface, TOC, and a selection of pages containing the composition exercises.
1832 printing of 1832 copyrighted text. Possibly an American edition of an Irish text. Preface (dated 1831) states the author believes a book of this grade is still needed and the text is based on the author's experience as a teacher. The text contains simple and interesting lessons consisting of short and easy words. The 70 lessons are all narratives and poems with numbered paragraphs. Many include a moral lessons, sometimes presented with questions. There are some pictorial illustrations as well. Author credits the influence of the Juvenile Miscellany. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete 83 page text.
1847 copyrighted text. Text strives for simplicity and attractiveness. Covers the alphabet, syllables in simple words, simple sentences, familiar words for spelling, and reading lessons with spelling exercises. Detailed engravings and rhyming verse appear throughout. Topics include sports, animals, and stories. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly fifty pages from the book, but is, perhaps, incomplete.
Copyrighted 1893. The author is credited as Principal of Grammar School No. 3, Brooklyn, NY. The book is meant to cover the last two years of the primary course. Lessons are headed as "Things to Notice" and "Things to Do," while reviews are headed as "Things to Remember." It recommends that the teacher help students correct their writing while they are working on it, as opposed to making corrections after it has been written. Includes illustrations that serve as the subject matter of compositions. Includes lessons on stories for reproduction, supplying suitable words, letter writing, the parts of a statement, joining sentences, reproduction and quotation marks, words used to qualify, and composition exercises. The Schultz Archive copy contains various pages up to page 139. There is no TOC.
1830 printing. Author is credited as the author of A New and Improved System of Practical Arithmetic. Letter to elementary school teachers states: every elementary book should consist principally of spelling columns, as spelling is the foundation of reading, and that reading lessons should be adapted to children's understanding and progressive improvement. It leaves analysis to grammar texts. The Schultz Archive copy is a selection of roughly sixty pages from the 148 page text.
Printing date obscured. The author is credited as Inspector of Schools. Preface states practice of analyzing/parsing sentences teaches students to decompose sentences, but not to compose, which involves arranging words, phrases, and clauses in their most effective setting. This work teaches analysis for the purpose of synthesis. It also covers equivalent modes of expression, synthesizing examples by well known writers, and the correcting of errors. The parts of the book are: the simple sentences, the complex sentence of two clauses, the compound sentence, and the complex sentence of more than two clauses. The author credits Bain, A. F. Murison, and Dr. Hodgson as influences. The Schultz Archive copy contains only the preface and TOC.
1899 printing of 1896 copyrighted text. The author is credited as Formerly Teacher of Composition in the State Normal School, Albany, NY. A grammar and composition text. It aims to provide practical training for students whose education ends with common or grammar school, as well as those who go on for further study. Each lesson aims to be a language lesson. Encourages students to cultivate their powers of observation. Connects language to the expression of thought. Selections from the best writers are used to encourage a taste for good literature, to awaken a love of nature, or to deepen a moral impression. Lessons lay out tasks for completion. Incorrect forms for correction are not used. The text also covers letter writing and business forms. Includes pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text, excepting the index.
Text copyrighted 1905. Previously copyrighted in 1903. Morrow is credited with a Master of Science and as Superintendent of Schools, Allegheny, PA. McLean is credited with a M.A. and as Principal of Luckey Schools, Pittsburgh, PA. Blaisdell is credited with a Ph.D. and as Professor of English in the Fifth Avenue Normal High School, Pittsburgh, PA. Preface states text is for 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders. For each of these years the text is broken into 10 weeks of observation lessons, 10 weeks study of pictures, 10 weeks study of stories and poem, and five weeks study of notes and letters. Each week's work contains four daily exercises in composition (oral or written) and one in elementary grammar. The preface credits the influence of Dr. E. E. White and Prof. L. A. Sherman. Preface states that it is most effective to teach students to speak and write with freedom unencumbered by rules. The grammar lessons are divided by year: 1st year, mechanics of writing; 2nd year, the sentence; 3rd year, the parts of speech. Text contains pictorial illustrations. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1836 printing of 1836 copyrighted text. Author is credited with a Bachelor of Arts degree and as author of Geographical Key. A grammar for children with an appendix of directions for composing (includes lists of subjects, general [abstract] subjects, and letters). Engravings (illustrations) are used to help teach parts of speech. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete 86 page text.