1892 printing of 1892 copyrighted text. The author is credited as a Ph.D and as Professor in the School of Pedagogy, University of the City of New York. The introduction breaks the text down into punctuation, reproductions, inventions, short papers, letter-writing, and essay writing from outlines. Copying is recommended for exercises, the reproductions are to be rewritten from memory, the inventions take the form of interrupted stories. The chapters are punctuation, variety of expression, variety of sentence-form, paraphrase and abstract, essentials of sentence structure, figurative language, letter-writing, diction, essay-writing, common errors, and capitals. The appendices cover rules for punctuation, marks used in correcting compositions, additional material for compositions, and brief biographical notes. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1897 printing of 1897 copyrighted text. Scott is credited as Junior Professor of Rhetoric in the University of Michigan. Denney is credited as Professor of Rhetoric and English Language in Ohio State University. According to the preface, the authors have been guided by three considerations: desire for a closer union of rhetoric and composition at the secondary level; desire for a greater use of the paragraph in secondary composition; and the idea of a growing, living and kinetic discourse. Chapters include: external form of the paragraph, paragraph-structure, what to say, how to say it, in what order to say it, how much to say, what not to say. Five appendices include: directions for preparing manuscript, marks used in correcting, material for analysis and reproduction, subjects for essay, and capitals and punctuation. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1906 copyright. Scott is credited as Professor of Rhetoric in the University of Michigan. Southworth is credited as Superintendent of Schools, Somerville, Mass. Book II contains a systematic course in grammar (Part II) and a series of lessons in composition (Part III). Part III has chapters on capitals, punctuation, etc.; choice of words; letter writing; narratives; descriptions, explanations; and paragraphs. No attempt has been made to intermingle grammar exercises with composition exercises. Special emphasis has been laid on the choice of the proper word. The material of the work has been tested in many schools under widely different conditions. Schultz Archive copy only includes preface, "to teachers," table of contents, and Part Three: Lessons in Composition (pp. 244 - 371).
1890 printing. The text is divided into Junior and Senior sections. The Junior section is further broken down into synthesis of simple sentences, practice in simple sentences, sentences, combined, punctuation, easy narrative, easy essays, letters, and grammar. The Senior section is broken down into on the choice of words, on the arrangement of words, grammar, the sentence, simile and metaphor, brevity, strength, miscellaneous sentences to be amended, miscellaneous subjects for composition, and notes for teachers. The book contains some 131 numbered exercises and 381 numbered rules or explanations of rules. The notes for teachers explains that composition naturally divides into three parts: elementary practice, instruction in correcting writing, and instruction in beautiful writing. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1823 printing, 1918(?) copyright. A practical, elementary volume which conducts the pupil from principle to practice. Preface argues for the mental advantages of learning composition and emphasizes clearness, precision, energy, perspicuous and forcible expression, methodical arrangement, accuracy in thought and expression, and correctness. Part I (orthography, punctuation, and style) includes rules and definition briefly stated. Part II (analysis and criticism) focuses on seeing the application of rules in the writing of others. Part III moves from simple exercises in a variety of expression to unassisted composing of a whole piece. An appendix includes practical instructions on the formation and correction of style. Murray and Blair are credited as influences. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1847 printing of the 1847 copyrighted work. Roux is credited as Professor of French Language and Literature in the Mount Pleasant Academy, and as the author of "The Zetetic Method, or Easiest Method of Learning French." The text does not aspire to rhetoric for mature minds, but is rather a "first book." The method is influenced by Aristotle who argues youth should be taught composition through rewriting fables in verse into prose. Cicero and Quintilian are also quoted on the value of given pupils the ideas and structure for them to modestly amplify or adorn. The exercises in the book are meant to be written ex tempore in class. The sections of the book are: imitation of fables (2), imitation of legends and poems, amplifications and letters, and arguments. The Schultz Archive is roughly the complete text and includes the first few pages of "New Zetetic Method for English and French Composition"
1846 printing of first American edition based on the second London edition. This Introduction states that English composition has two distinct branches: grammar and the union of logic and rhetoric. Credits Lindley Murray for his treatment of grammar, but argues that Latin grammar doesn't fully translate to the features of English. States that the object of this text is the discipline necessary to acquire English composition. The first edition was divided into three parts. The first part is on perception of the subject (includes themes and definitions); the second on perception and judgment; the third on perception, judgment and argumentation. The second edition was amended with additional illustrative examples, a list of subjects, and a fourth part with rules on how to "ascertain and express the considerations from which his conclusion of judgment proceeded" (arguments produced by comparison and contrast). The book's illustrative examples include excerpts from well known authors. The introduction acknowledges the influence of Addison, Johnson, Blair, and Watts. The Schultz Archive copy is roughly the complete text.
1895 printing of the 1895 copyrighted text. Reed is credited with a Master of Arts degree. Kellogg is credited with a Doctor of Laws of English degree. Together they are credited as the authors of two other texts of English lessons. A complete, consecutive, and carefully graded series of inductive lessons in composition-writing, emphasizing habits of close, logical observation and the discipline of taste. Subjects covered include capitals, abbreviations, punctuation; noun and verb agreement; possessive and explanatory modifiers; the complex sentence; noun clause--construction; construction of pronouns; construction of gender-forms; qualities of style; versification; letter writing; and conjugation. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text, but even numbered pages are cut off on the edge of one side, making some of them difficult to fully decipher. End of binding features excerpt from Word-Building with Roots, or Stems, and Prefixes and Suffixes.
1855 printing of the 1854 copyrighted text. The author is credited with a Master of Arts degree and as Associate Principal of the Collegiate School in New York, and as the author of First Lessons in Composition. Based on the same plan as the author's book for younger students, First Lessons in Composition, this text is meant for students in colleges and higher academies. The preface boasts its merits are its clearness and simplicity, its variety of subjects and their connections, and the practicality of its exercises. The sections cover the history of the English language; punctuation; rhetoric--with sections on taste, the imagination, the sublime, the beautiful, wit, humor, figurative language, varieties of style, and criticism; prose composition--with sections on invention, amplification, metaphorical language, climax and anithesis, paraphrasing, description, narration, letters, fiction, orations, etc; and poetical composition. Collection of rules and exercises, beginning with history of English language and punctuation until building up to poetry. It credits the influence of Blair, Burke, and Alison. Illustrative textual examples are used throughout. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.
1844 printing of the 1844 copyrighted text. The title page says the book is designed as a sequel to Progressive Exercises in English Composition. As with its predecessor, this text seeks to address two primary obstacles for student writers: obtaining ideas and expressing ideas. The author's approach to obtaining ideas is based on what he terms the principle of association. The exercises herein are not presented as a progressive course, but rather are meant to be selected by teachers as they deem useful. The material varies from sample sentences for punctuation practice, to models of the various kinds of compositions, to long lists of subjects for different kinds of compositions. There are seventy-five lessons in all. The Schultz Archive's copy is roughly the complete text.